Krols that do not belong to dwarf breeds enter maturity by 5 months, they have a desire to continue their genus. If a rabbit is suspected of being pregnant, you should make sure of this (she may falsely become pregnant) and begin to change the diet of the animal, because the diet of suckling and lactating females should be special to meet the needs of both mothers and babies.
Diet sukrolnoy rabbit
For healthy offspring and to prevent miscarriages and situations when the pregnancy resolves, the crawl during this period must be properly and fully fed. Since the weight of the female squirrel is constantly increasing, the amount of feed that she gives out should be increased. We must also remember the unhindered access to water in any volume.
In general, a healthy female sucker should eat a day’s amount of food, equivalent to 220 grams of feed units, of which 30-32 grams should be digestible full-fledged protein – it is most easily absorbed by the body of the animal.
During this period, the animal’s body spends a large amount of nutrients to build the placenta, skeleton and other organs of the emerging embryos (each weighs about three grams in the first half of pregnancy). An even greater increase in the feeding rates of the expectant mother occurs in the second part of the sukololnosti, the future rabbits in the uterus reach their maximum weight, the placenta grows, and the mammary rabbits swell. During this period, the correct selection of the volume and the diet of its feeding affects the safe outcome of pregnancy and the weight of the young at birth (and hence their viability). You should also reduce the bulkiness of the food in favor of caloric and a higher content of nutrients, since the volume of the stomach in sukrolnyh females decreases – the increasing uterus weighs on it.
The list of things a pregnant rabbit can be given daily includes:
- various combined feed, legumes, oat grains per 80 grams (spring and summer) and 100 grams (winter);
- sunflower pressed cake – 30-50 grams;
- soy meal – from 20 to 30 grams;
- various vegetables and fruits: boiled potatoes, raw sliced carrot – from 100 to 150 grams;
- in winter: hay – 120 grams, in summer: green, juicy grass (alfalfa, pea leaves, meadow grasses) – 0.5-0.7 kg;
- wheat germ or oats, as an important source of vitamins;
- bones flour, chalk, ground egg shells, as “building material” – 1-2 gr .;
- table salt – up to 2 grams;
- fat from fish – 2 gr.
Additional Information. If the pregnancy has occurred in a young, still growing female, her diet should be 1/5 more, since she also needs nutrients and vitamin complexes for her own development.
What to feed and what to give a pregnant rabbit, starting with the second half of sukrololnosti? Concentrates should be about 45 percent, alfalfa (in the form of hay or grass) – 43 percent, meadow hay – 10 percent, mineral Primexes – 2 percent. Additionally, you can make high-quality hay and green twigs – such a rough feed contains a lot of raw fiber, which helps the functioning of the intestines of the pregnant woman.
Care should be taken to increase the diet did not contribute to obesity in the female, which is detrimental to the future offspring.
A few days before delivery it is necessary to reduce the amount of feed by about a third, while the amount of water left unchanged.
What to feed the rabbit after childbirth
After a successful resolution of suckling, the livestock breeder is faced with the question of how to feed the rabbit right after he has been fed and during the period when the breastfeeding of the babies continues. At this time, the rabbit woman spends a huge amount of nutrients, vitamin-mineral compounds on the reproduction of milk and feeding of rabbits, as well as on the restoration of its own organism. Therefore, its daily diet is recommended to bring up to 330 grams. fodder units in the first ten days of life of babies and up to 440 fodder units in the next. By the age of one month, their mom should have already eaten 550 forage units. Until the removal of the newborn from the mother, the female should be given up to 700 grams. feed units every day, which contributes to milk production.
Little rabbit and rabbits
High fiber content is:
- carrot, rutabaga, beet (foliage and root crops);
- cabbage (leaves only);
- garden and meadow herbs (dill, sweet clover);
- in winter – alfalfa hay;
- berries of mountain ash krasnoplodnoy.
note! If feeding lactating females of rabbits after okol is accompanied by a new pregnancy (the so-called compacted okrol), the diet of such animals should be increased to 360 gr. conv. feed. units.
The diet of the feeding rabbit
What to feed the rabbit after okrola that was milk? Nutrition varies slightly, depending on when the birth occurred. So, after summer birth, females can feed mainly on green fodder: they are clover, alfalfa and other meadow grasses. It is difficult to feed the krolematok in greens in winter, therefore they are limited to hay from herbs (wormwood, nettle) and high-quality silage, as well as pea leaves, boiled potatoes and raw root vegetables.
The approximate diet for each day for the mother gave birth to the following:
- grass or legume hay – 100-300 grams (or a kilogram of grass);
- sunflower cake – 40-60 grams;
- Seed meal or bran – 30 grams;
- combined feed – up to 80 grams;
- flour from bones or meat – 3-7 grams;
- fish oil and chalk – about 3-4 grams;
- salt – about 3 grams;
- yeast for feed – 5-6 gr.
In three or four weeks each healthy little rabbit will try to eat from the mother’s bowl, therefore it is also necessary to replenish it with crushed wheat and oats (previously 3 days steamed in water and cooled). In calculation on young growth, after grated rabbits, young grated carrots and their tops are added.
Both in winter and in summer a rabbit, in whom lactation has begun, it is advisable to give a mash, which serves to increase the volume, the consumption of nutrients and calories. Blends made from bran, pomace, oats and vegetables are absorbed by lactating females by almost 90 percent.
Mixes are of the following types:
- chopped alfalfa 0.6 units of oat shredded 0.4 units;
- alfalfa 0.6 units 0.3 units of barley 0.1 units of corn kernels;
- alfalfa 0.6 units 0.1 unit of bran 0.1 unit of legumes 0.1 unit of wheat grains 0.1 unit of chopped vegetables.
In the finished mixture is useful to add a little mineral complexes and any fermented milk product. Such food helps to establish the digestion of offspring and replenishes the protein-calcium deficiency in the body of the rabbit mother.
What to feed to increase milk
For the full growth and development of the rabbits born, each breeder must determine how to feed the rabbit that was born so that she has enough milk. All types of green fodder, root crops (carrots, beets, rutabagas), and also silage work very well for increasing lactation. Veterinarians recommend giving lactating kolematmakami, as much as possible juicy food, as well as dill seedlings and parsley.
Important! You can not give these herbs too much, because they contain a high percentage of essential oils that can be dangerous for mom and young.
In the feed for the rabbit, in order to stimulate an increase in milk yield, it is necessary to add mineral premixes, powdered or sour milk. Fresh fruits and vegetables (zucchini, cucumbers, watermelons, melons) compensate for the lack of fluid in the body of a lactating female (especially if she does not recognize the drinker), and therefore contribute to additional milk production.
Hercules flakes also give impetus to the improvement of lactation. In winter, you can give apples, cabbage (carefully), lettuce leaves.
When an undernourished pregnant female or an unbalanced diet, they may experience toxicosis, which is characterized by lethargy of the animal, impaired coordination and seizures, which can even lead to death.
Can happen and devouring female newborn baby rabbits. The reason lies in the nervousness of the female, as well as in the lack of moisture (or the rabbit does not drink because of stress) and minerals in the feed.
Overfeeding of the expectant mother can lead to obesity and non-viability of the litter.
For the birth of a viable and healthy rabbit offspring, it is important to properly feed the bunny during pregnancy and lactation. It is also possible to increase the level of milk production for feeding babies by increasing and correctly forming the diet of the female.