Having decided to start breeding rabbits, it is worth knowing that, among the rest of the domestic animals, these are quite capricious in keeping conditions, and especially in feeding. Choosing the right diet is half the success in raising eared. In order for a short time to get high-quality rabbit fur and dietary meat, you need to carefully examine what rabbits eat at different times of the year, because their summer diet is significantly different from the winter.
The rabbit diet must be chosen so that the food is balanced and varied, and the food is rich in vitamins and other beneficial substances. So, what should be given to rabbits? Here are the following groups of feed.
Meadow grasses and the greenery that grows in the garden in the village. This is the most inexpensive method of feeding rabbits, which provides them with healthy food for a fairly long period of the year – starting in spring and ending in late autumn. Rabbits receive vitamins and minerals necessary for growth and further reproduction.
A small summer cottage will be enough for the owners of a small livestock to feed it, if you sow there some peas, alfalfa, quinoa, cilantro. Another of what rabbits eat, you can plant corn. What rabbits eat especially willingly – this is the tops of root crops. Ordinary weeds are good for feeding rabbits: nettle, burdock, wheat grass.
It is important to know! Any vegetation from the garden, before getting into the trough, must be thoroughly cleaned. In no case can not add to food greens rotten or too wet. This can cause animal disease.
No less useful for rabbits are dried herbs, which can even be at the top of the list of things to be given to rabbits. This group includes straw and small branches. They are given to animals from late autumn to early spring.
Hay is considered one of the main sources of nutrition to improve digestion. For a good diet can be given dried grass, mowed in the meadows or in the steppe. In the rabbit diet it is useful to add branches of bushes, as well as trees, since animals have one peculiarity – the constant need to grind the incisors.
In terms of its energy value, feed from branches is no worse than hay harvested from medicinal herbs, because it is enriched with protein, amino acids, and carotene, here is a complete set of minerals and fats.
Important! Feed from branches contributes to the reduction of animal disorders associated with the gastrointestinal tract. Oak or alder will do, but you do not need a lot of birch twigs, because they provoke kidney inflammation in rabbits.
Juicy food is most easily absorbed by the body of their pets and quickly digested. This is due to the fact that they contain up to 80% of water. They have in their composition the substances necessary for growth and healthy for the health of rabbits: fiber, carbohydrates, vegetable fats, rich composition of vitamins and mineral components. Such fruits and vegetables as beetroot, cucumber, potato, radish, pumpkin, onion, carrot, garlic, zucchini, pumpkin, watermelon fodder, banana, apple, etc. fall under the category of juicy.
Beetroot-excellent juicy food
Despite the fact that the composition of vitamins is not so much, the potato contains easily digestible starch.
Need to know! Before feeding the rabbits, the potatoes need to be thoroughly washed and boiled. In its raw form it is rarely given, and not tubers are eaten, but cleansing.
When feeding rabbits, they use only sugar and fodder beets. In the mash can be added as tops and tubers. Vegetable is rich in nutrients such as proteins and fats, which helps to improve the composition of the blood.
From what rabbits eat, cabbage is perhaps one of the most beloved delicacies. But excessive consumption can lead to bloating. Cabbage contains enough vitamins, mineral components and fiber that animals need to grow and replenish offspring.
In carrots there are enough useful essential oils, fatty acids and mineral substances. Eared usually give raw carrots whole or sliced.
Feeding rabbits with pumpkin is considered useful. It is rich in vitamins. It is usually given from autumn to early spring, as the vegetable is suitable for storage in winter. Pumpkin is often cut into small pieces and only then put in the feeder.
In the summer and autumn give zucchini because of the extremely short shelf life. It contains enough water that is good for the body. In this case, less drinking water should be added to the drinker.
After harvesting for the winter, many remain waste. Can rabbits clean potatoes, cabbage leaves, watermelon rinds and banana peels? Of course, this is exactly what rabbits love. In addition, banana peel is very useful due to the presence in its composition of vitamins and fiber, but the bananas themselves give extremely fresh and in small quantities.
Additional Information. Contrary to popular belief, rabbits love garlic, it benefits eared, as it is an effective means of preventing rhinitis.
They are high in calories, rich in proteins and minerals. But the number of trace elements in them is much less in comparison with other types of food. Concentrated feed is recommended to give those rabbits that are grown directly for fattening: cereal (oats, barley, buckwheat), feed, legumes, bone and fish meal.
What should be given to rabbits from concentrated feed – breeders should pay attention to grain crops:
- Oats are rich in protein, starch, fiber and fats. Oats are given to rabbits, both whole and fragmented.
- Buckwheat is a valuable source of energy and vegetable protein. Thus, it allows the animals to actively grow.
- Corn is much more nutritious than oats. But for the incisors, the corn is quite hard, because it should be soaked before the rabbits are treated.
- Wheat is rich in phosphorus and other beneficial elements. Most often mixed with fresh grass, as well as coarse and juicy food.
Among the things you can feed rabbits, oats are of particular benefit. This grass contributes to the normalization of the intestinal activity of the animal. And it can be used in feeding rabbits of any age groups.
Concentrated feeds include animal feed, which has become very popular. Animals love to feast on both loose and granulated feed. It is most often added components useful for rabbits, and it can also be used in conjunction with various medications.
What to give in the winter
In winter, the organism of any living creature requires more vitamins and other beneficial substances, because it is during this period that they are in short supply. Therefore, with the arrival of cold, the rabbit breeders should take care of the nutritional value of those feeds that are added to the mash. It is important to keep an optimal diet in cold weather. The amount of food that should be given to rabbits in the winter depends on the age, sex and well-being of the animal.
Important! In cold eared can be lure and waste. For example, suitable meal, meal, dry pulp, as well as bran and malt sprouts.
What to give in the summer
The diet of feeding rabbits in the summer is significantly different compared to the winter. At this time, eared can be pampered with succulent and green food, which in summer is abundant:
- if the rabbit is fattening, it should add 700 g of grass and 70 g of concentrated feed to the mash;
- 700 g of greenery and 30 g of enriched feed will be sufficient for hairy on rest;
- in case of mating, males need 800 g of greenery and 40 g of feed;
- 800 g of greens and 50 g of feed are given to suckling females;
- After birth, the little rabbits are given 1.2 kg of greens and 70 g of feed;
- rabbits aged 1 to 6 months. enough 300-600 g of green and 20-60 g of concentrated mixtures.
Important! If the rabbits are given succulent feed and branches, then in this case the amount of grass is reduced. Such food should always be podvyalit and put salt in the feeder, which is desirable to put in the form of stone.
Rabbit feeding rules
Rabbit eating grass
For beginners, in order for their pet to get good nutrition and actively gain weight, you need to know some of the characteristics of the digestion of these animals. The owners will have to follow strictly the regime of feeding the rabbits, otherwise a violation or the slightest deviation from the regime threatens with improper production of gastric juice. An adult individual usually approaches its feeder about 20 times a day. Thus, fresh food should be replenished in his bowl regularly, but in small quantities.
For animals, the number of times the feed is delivered and the regime itself may vary significantly. It depends on many factors:
- females during lactation and babies up to 2 months. should receive food 4 times a day;
- young animals that were planted from the mother, and adult rabbits, it is enough to get food 2-3 times a day.
Note! At night in the trough should always be a branch feed. This is a prerequisite, regardless of the number of feeding rabbits.
The owners should also take care to ensure that there is always a fresh and clean liquid in the water bowl. It is necessary to exclude its overheating in the summer and make sure that the water is not covered with ice in the winter.
What should not be given to rabbits
Since, by their nature, rabbits are delicate and have a very sensitive digestive system, novice farmers should learn the list of foods that are prohibited for pets. Otherwise, the livestock will be sick, which in consequence will cause the death of animals. What does not recommend to feed the rabbits? It is necessary to give in a limited amount or completely eliminate from the diet:
- sweet, salty and sour foods – can lead to bloating of the stomach;
- freshly cut and damp grass is dangerous for rabbits – for the same reason;
- milk, sour cream, cottage cheese and cheese are prohibited; milk protein is harmful for animals;
- sunflower seeds, millet, rice, millet – will not benefit;
- some plants (mustard, colza, celandine, euphorbia, autumn crocus, Datura, hemlock, backache) will be poisonous for the animals;
- some vegetables (red beets, cabbage, potatoes) – their consumption can lead to severe diarrhea;
- beans, nuts, alfalfa – give limited;
- Hay for livestock should be harvested only in environmentally friendly areas (not near highways or industrial plants).
Need to remember! Spinach is recommended to give the animals a limited, since it contains a large amount of oxalates and goitrogens.
Only a balanced, diverse, enriched with nutrients and quality nutrition of rabbits can ensure their active development, growth and reproduction. Compliance with the regime of feeding and proper diet will allow breeders to increase livestock. Knowing now what rabbits eat, it is not difficult to build a successful business on their breeding.