More and more villagers and summer residents are engaged in breeding rabbits. The explanation for this is the increased demand for rabbit meat. The dietary product was cholesterol-free and non-allergenic. Breeding rabbits at home is not very difficult, if you know the features of their content.
In order for the rabbits to quickly gain weight and bring healthy numerous offspring, the food in captivity must be balanced and resemble a natural diet. One rabbit eats 412 kg of grass, 107 kg of hay, 330 kg of concentrated feed and 120 kg of root crops and melon crops per year.
Almost half the need for feed comes from grass, which grows seasonally. Therefore, it is important to know which herbs can feed a rodent, and which can leave a rabbit breeder without their eared pets overnight. Wherein grass should be as diverse as possible and only young, that is, before flowering.
All green residues from thinning plants can be attributed to the green feed. Do not use greens from the garden after chemical or biological treatment of plants. Gentle animals can poison with residual poisonous substances.
Variety of herbal feed
For balanced nutrition from green plants, rabbits receive substances that are adapted to their digestive system. These include high-grade protein with amino acids, fats, carbohydrates and enzymes that cannot get into feed by other means. Chlorophyll vital for stimulating the circulatory system rabbits. Therefore, summer green feeding is the most important stage of rabbit breeding.
In order to collect a sufficient amount of greenery used:
- planting cultivated herbs;
- residues and weeds from the garden;
- wild herbs.
In order to provide their pets with fresh and juicy greens, the owner of the farm may have sown areas under the grass stand of grass or legumes. And the best food will be combined, although bean plants like rabbits more. But it is not always necessary to indulge the whims of pets. If you feed them with a large number of legumes, the rabbits will gain weight very quickly and can be fattened. And it is harmful for little rabbits, it will be harder to mate and less rabbits in the litter.
Bean grass stands are used to feed the young before slaughter for a rapid increase in weight. To do this, sow lupine, vetch, peas and other legumes. To feed them you need to mow before flowering. At this time, the plant has accumulated the most nutrients. Clover and vetch sown together, oats and annual grasses will provide excellent food.
Garden green mass
Commonly encountered garden weeds provide an excellent forage base. Quinoa, wheat grass, sow thistle, sow thistle and other similar weeds make up excellent animal feed. It is not necessary to take wetweed or starlet, do not give this grass to their pets breeders. It is impossible that a leaflet of celandine got into the green mass. Wormwood and nettle growing in secluded nooks are also a treat for rabbits.
In the summer, a lot of greens can be taken from the garden when thinning. In this case, the possibility of contact with feed poisonous plants will be excluded. It is unlikely that the owner breeds them in the garden. But can not be fed potato and tomato greens, as it contains poisonous substance corned beef. It is necessary to add and add a little bit of beet leaves, as they act on the rabbit’s digestive system.
Wild grasses are harvested in the meadows and in the forest. In this case, you should know the varieties of plants. Usually meadow herbs do not contain poisonous plants. But most likely to meet them in the lowlands, in marshy areas with long periods of standing water. In these places more often and poisonous herbs grow. The best way will be to collect only familiar plants. In the green feed there should not be leaves of celandine, buttercup, foxglove, meadow meadow or cornflower horn. The list of poisonous plants is extensive and each region has its own varieties. therefore need to know the plants, which can not be fed to livestock.
The result will be convulsions, diarrhea, paralysis, impaired cardiac activity, abdominal distension. Different herbs act differently, but an experienced specialist will understand what poisoned the rabbit. The same herbs in hay will no longer be poisonous, as in the process of drying in the sun, many poisons decompose or their action falls below the poisoning threshold.
How to feed greens?
In early spring, when they begin to transfer rabbits to summer meals, greens begin to add gradually. For the first time, dressing nettle is made from the calculation of 50 grams of green mass per rabbit. Moreover, the finely cut nettle is brewed and crushed potatoes or bran are added to it. When summer content should follow the rules:
- observe the rules of feeding the green mass;
- specially cook the grass:
- requirements for places of mass procurement.
Feeding rates of green mass
The rate of grass for rabbits is increased every day and in two weeks the adult nursing uterus gets up to one and a half, the females up to a kilogram, and the young 600 grams of grass per day. This represents more than half of the daily intake of all feed.
You need to know that the hay in the feeders should always be present. It can be replaced by young shoots of trees. Coarse fodder is needed to grind growing incisors. Do not feed grass with mold or rot.
Do not feed animals heated with fresh grass or wet from rain or dew. With green feeding, it will be right to give the rabbits grass that has lost the turgor in the sun. Wherein grass for rabbits should be clean, washed if necessary. This herb has already lost some moisture and a beneficial effect on digestion.
You can not mow the grass on the roadsides. Even when washed, she already took harmful substances and feeding the poisonous mass can lead to malaise and death of rabbits. If there is lethargy in pets, one of the ways to help them improve their well-being will be an additive in pharmaceutical chamomile or oak leaf feed.
The weight consumed on green fodder should be prepared only from young grass. After flowering, all plants grow coarse. therefore farm owner should take care of the second half of summer, when the plants are already flowering or ripening. The best way would be planting green manure on the land freed from the early greenery. Plants like phacelia, mustard, vetch will quickly give a young green mass.
Greens of the second half of summer
The use of foliage from removed root vegetables will be a weighty addition to the feed. At the same time you should know that carrots will be the favorite treat and cabbage leaves. If some heads of early cabbage went to the arrow, the rabbits will be the best food. Therefore, all greens after washing from the ground can be used when feeding rabbits. Waste is used both in pure form and as part of mash.
For a quick weight gain, young plants should be given more often in the composition of the herbs:
The more varied the green diet, the better the rabbits will feel.
Use of leaves and twigs of trees
In the preparation of coarse feed for rabbits for winter keeping, a large place is occupied by the branch feed prepared from young shoots of trees in the form of brooms. The branches replace up to 20% of the weight of hay and straw harvested for the winter.
No less important is the use of green branches during summer feeding. In addition to soft, juicy grass, for the rabbit gastrointestinal system ballast materials needed, which will be young wood. At the same time, the incisors, which grind the green mass better, are ground on the bars.
Rough herbage in the future goes to the harvesting of hay and hay rot, without which it is impossible to do in the winter season.