In the daily diet of the animal must contain all the necessary substances for it: fats, proteins, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins. In order for your pets to get good nutrition, you need to know what rabbits eat and how this food is good for animals.
The best green food for rabbits is grass with the addition of legumes. Animals eat well alfalfa, yarrow, plantain, dandelion, wheat grass, sainfoin. With a great hunt eat clover. However, abundant feeding of this grass adversely affects the reproductive function of females.
Especially useful for rabbits alfalfa. The rich chemical composition makes it a convenient component for the preparation of feed mixtures. Soy, rich in proteins and fats, is also nourishing. A variety of yarrow, wormwood and euphorbia, which is also eagerly eaten, has a positive effect on the digestive function of animals.
Depending on what kind of grass your rabbits eat, you can regulate their intake of fats, carbohydrates, fiber and protein.
But besides useful plants, there is a number of herbs that are dangerous for animals that eat them. Forbidden are: buttercup, celandine, Datura, hellebore, belladonna, dodder, poisonous milestones, etc. Toxic substances contained in these herbs can lead to the death of rabbits.
Vegetables and fruits
As for vegetables and fruits in the diet, there are also permitted and prohibited foods. If your rabbit eats carrots, beets, broccoli, boiled potatoes, cucumbers, cauliflower, apples and celery, it greatly increases the supply of nutrients to the body. Inadmissible is the use of beans, cabbage, raw potatoes, rhubarb, seeds from fruit.
Many novice rabbit bosses are interested in the question of whether home rabbits eat pumpkin. Experts in one voice say that this vegetable is not only recommended, but also mandatory in the diet in rabbits. You can give it to animals both raw and boiled. With great pleasure they eat pumpkin puree, which can be the basis of some feed. To make it, cook the pumpkin in small pieces, then knead it thoroughly.
Regardless of what your rabbits eat, pets need a branch feed. It not only enriches their body with useful substances and vitamins, but also helps to avoid gnawing the cells of animals. Rabbits need wood to grind their teeth, so the twigs will be very useful.
Some believe that if a rabbit eats carrots and other hard vegetables, it will not nibble the cage. This opinion is wrong. The density of these products is not enough for normal teeth grinding.
Animals eat well raspberry, apple, willow, maple, acacia, birch, poplar, hazelnut and rowan branches. But the real delicacy for them is the vine of grapes. It contains a whole range of vitamins and a sufficient amount of moisture, which is extremely important for the physical development of pets.
Young shoots of trees can be given fresh and dried. For long-term storage, they are tied up in brooms, and dried in a warm, shady place. So they retain their natural smell, taste and color until the next spring. Also in winter, coniferous shoots are considered very valuable. They are an excellent source of carotene and essential vitamins such as B, C and E.
But you need to know which branches can be given to rabbits, and which ones are not worth it. The shoots of such bushes as Labrador tea, elderberry and wolf’s bast will not be suitable for feeding pets. Being poisonous, they can harm animals. And in the branches of stone fruit trees contain a large amount of prussic acid. And if your rabbit eats cherries, cherries, plums, apricots or peaches, then unwanted processes will also occur in his body.
Mineral and Vitamin Supplements
Even the most complete nutrition does not always provide the rabbits with essential vitamins and minerals. Therefore, the owner must introduce special additives to the pet’s diet.
- The source of calcium is chalk and bone meal.
- Table salt enriches the pet’s body with sodium.
- Brewer’s yeast is rich in B vitamins, amino acids, iron, cobalt, copper, zinc phosphorus, as well as provitamin D2.
All this can be given to rabbits separately, but it is easier to purchase a special vitamin and mineral supplement in which all the elements are perfectly balanced. It is necessary to add it to feed depending on what and how much your rabbits eat per day.
There are often discussions among specialists about whether domestic rabbits eat meat and fish, and whether they are necessary for healthy eating. Of course, the substances contained in animal food, need rabbits. But if your pet flatly refuses the proposed piece of chop or fish fillets, do not worry. Protein, phosphorus, calcium and fats are also found in other foods, such as vegetables and various additives.
Pet eats litter
Experienced breeders claim that rabbits sometimes eat their droppings. And the soft night feces even useful. It contains a large number of substances suitable for absorption (trace elements, vitamins, riboflavin, folic and pantothenic acid).
Daily calories (hard peas) are recycled. Slags are removed with it, which do not contain anything useful. If you notice that rabbits eat feces "peas", it means that they do not have enough food or vitamins. Review the quality and quantity of feed your pet consumes, and check its essential vitamins.
Proper nutrition – an important point in the cultivation and breeding of animals. If you carefully monitor what your pets eat, they will grow rapidly and gain mass quickly.