Rabbits are herbivorous rodents. Animals are able to form proteins of their own body and from nitrogenous non-proteinaceous substances. The health and productive qualities of rabbits depend on the quality, quantity and variety of complete feed in the diet of rabbits.
The main feed of rabbits: green grass for rabbits (clover, alfalfa, legume-cereal mixtures, nettle, wheat grass, dandelion, yarrow, bindweed, quinoa, plantain lanceolate, fodder roots and leaves of vegetables (tops and root vegetables themselves, such as carrots, potatoes, colegrass , Jerusalem artichoke, etc.), carrot-cabbage silage for rabbits, fine-stalked hay, grain (oats, wheat, maize, peas, soybeans, beans), grain wastes (bran, sunflower, linseed cake and meal), animal feed and other concentrated feed for rabbits, meat and bone and fish m ka, milk, fish oil, mineral supplements, bone meal, salt, chalk, as well as special vitamin and mineral supplements from industrial production. branches of yew and thuja, poisonous for rabbits) for grinding off incisors.
In the farm rabbit use fresh food waste.
In summer, the basis of the diet of rabbits is green food for rabbits, supplemented by hay for rabbits, grain and legumes, in winter. hay, supplemented by root crops, concentrated feed with mineral and vitamin supplements. Granulated feed mixtures produced by the livestock industry are added when fattening rabbits in hay.
When feeding rabbits, they monitor the usefulness and cleanliness of food for rabbits, giving as much food as they can eat in a short time (except for hay and feed mixtures, which are set in reserve), and food is given at a strictly defined time. The transition to a different type of feed for rabbits, for example, from dry feed for rabbits to green ones, is carried out gradually over a period of 5-7 days. First 2 weeks after jigging, they should be given the same feeds that they received while under the rabbit. Rabbits need to feed the mowed grass only after wilting (partial dehydration of the mowed grass, carried out during hay-harvesting and during the haylage harvesting by agitating and wrapping the mowed green mass rollers), the roots are raw, cleaned from the ground and crushed, silage for rabbits (food prepared by canning ground plants without air access). fresh immediately after excavation from the tower, corn and barley grain. in crushed or rolled form, the cake and grain legumes (previously soaked for 3-4 hours before feeding) should be crushed and given in a mixture with moist bran, hay for rabbits. after giving tops of root crops and fodder cabbage, potatoes. boiled. Feed the rabbits are distributed in nurseries and feeders, feeding adult rabbits during the period of physiological rest 1 time per day (as a rule, in the evening), lactating females, young and fattening young. 3 times a day.
After each feeding, the rabbits are given a sufficient amount of settled water with a temperature of 18–20 ° C in semi-automatic bottle drinkers for rabbits.
Rational feeding of rabbits requires an accurate calculation in the preparation of their diet. Thus, for one rabbit female with a live weight of about 4 kg, with rabbit babies, about 50–100 kg of grain, 150–200 kg of hay, and 130–150 kg of root crops are required annually, and in summer. about 0.5 kg of green feed per day. If the rabbit is hungry, he is forced to fill the stomach with anything. With a lack of salt in the diet of rabbits, they gnaw at the back wooden parts of the cage, the door frames, the batten flooring, soaked in urine, in order to partially compensate for the lack of salt at the expense of ammonia salts. If a rabbit gnaws a cage, this is a sign of mineral starvation. In addition to the correct feeding of rabbits, it is necessary to create proper conditions for keeping rabbits.