All breeders, both experienced and beginners, know that their pets are animals with an enviable appetite that chew something almost without stopping. In order to ensure their harmonious development and the ability to produce healthy offspring, it is necessary to clearly imagine what you can feed the rabbits, and what you can not.
Types of feed
The basis of the diet of herbivores is varied food natural origin. All vegetable rabbit feed can be divided into the following types:
This category includes mowed grass and garden greens. The availability of such food provides a complete diet containing vitamins and trace elements from spring to autumn.
For a small herd, green fodder can be grown on the garden plot. Crops of peas, alfalfa, oats, corn will allow you to stock the required amounts of feed. Be sure to include in the diet of useful tops of garden root crops. Eared pets like to eat dill, celery, horseradish leaves, rhubarb. But parsley can not be given to nursing females, because it prevents the production of milk. We should not ignore the weeds: dandelion, blackthrow, couch grass, which is good to give along with the roots.
Large livestock, except for garden greens, will need meadow herbs that improve digestion. You can mow and harvest common aromatic herbs:
In the spring, switching to green food should be done gradually, starting with small portions. Fresh grass before feeding should be slightly dried in the sun. Greens from the garden should not be given in a dirty or rotten condition. This can lead to animal disease.
This type of feed includes:
- Hay or straw. Fiber, which is in the hay, is necessary for digestion. All meadow or steppe grasses suitable as green fodder can be dried. Properly harvested grass has a pleasant smell and a greenish color. Hay folded in the hay is placed under a canopy and fed in the winter. Straw is better to prepare from pea or oat stalks.
- Branches of trees or shrubs. The branches give the rabbits not only as food, but also for grinding off incisors. Suitable trees: birch, linden, aspen, willow, alder, pear, apple. It is necessary to harvest thin twigs up to 1 cm thick with leaves. They contain protein and carotene, as well as minerals. Twigs feed is offered to animals throughout the year.
Juicy food is characterized by content of structured water up to 80%. It is well absorbed and digested. In addition, the presence of vitamins, carbohydrates and minerals makes it extremely useful for animals. Juicy feeds include vegetables and fruits. What vegetables can feed the rabbits? Here are the most common ones:
- Potatoes. Potatoes contain the starch that animals need. In the food animals used are boiled and prepared in the form of mash potatoes. In small quantities you can give raw cleaning.
- Carrot. This is perhaps the most beloved rabbit vegetable, which is rich in vitamins and fatty acids. You can give raw whole roots or sliced.
- Zucchini. Very nutritious vegetable that contains a lot of water. Zucchini can be prepared for the winter silage.
- Pumpkin. Pumpkin in its useful properties similar to zucchini. It should be given in sliced form. Pumpkin is very convenient for feeding in winter, as well preserved almost until spring.
- Feed or sugar beet. In beet there is sugar, proteins, fats. It has a good effect on the composition of the blood and the general well-being of the animal. Plant suitable for silage placement.
Concentrated feeds are:
- Groats (oats, barley, corn, barley). Cereals are very high in calories, therefore they are suitable during the fattening period of young stock. Before use the feed must be crushed and moistened. From hard grains, for example, corn, you can cook porridge.
- Feed. Compound feed is loose and granular. It comes with vitamin and mineral supplements. When feeding should take care of the constant availability of fresh water.
- Cake or meal. This type of feed is used in steamed form. Most often, rabbits are fed soybean, flaxseed, hemp, or sunflower oilcake. Can rabbits have seeds instead of cake? The animals eat zucchini or pumpkin seeds well, but only in a slightly dried form.
To meet the need for vitamins A and D in winter, fish oil should be added to the feed. Vitamin E can be replenished by baker’s yeast or special medicines. The necessary balance of calcium and phosphorus in the organism of animals is provided by introducing bone meal or bone ash into the diet. Also for rabbits you need salt, which can be given in the form of a stone.