Winter is a particularly difficult period for both people and their pets. Therefore, rabbit breeders should take care in advance about how to feed the rabbits in winter, so that the fluffy “eared ears” will safely survive the wintering and grow up during this time.
It is important to understand that rabbits very difficult to tolerate temperatures below .25˚C. It is possible that they may experience severe hypothermia, they can freeze their limbs, catch a cold and get sick for a long time. Therefore, in winter, it is especially important to create favorable living conditions for them, placing their “houses” in the form of cells in areas protected from the wind.
Cells can be insulated with straw, which at the same time will still serve as a litter. In addition, they must be winter, that is, at least on three sides, they should have at least wood cladding and only one – an iron mesh in a wooden frame. At times of severe frost, the cages with animals are best taken into a room (shed, greenhouse, porch at home) or – if cells are difficult to move – you can equip a special place to accommodate pets.
In this difficult time, animals need not only care and maintenance. They also have an urgent need for proper feeding, which will fill them with strength and will help maintain normal body temperature. Therefore, it is important that the feed is rich in nutrients. In addition, food should help maintain and strengthen their immunity so that the body of rabbits can resist diseases. Therefore, it is important that the feed also be fortified and rich in various mineral elements.
He is hungry again
It is important to understand that if the owner of rabbits takes care of how to make a winter menu for his eared pets correctly, he will be able to successfully breed and grow them at this time of year. A rich diet, balanced with nutrients and nutrients, will promote rapid growth, strengthen the body and increase fertility in animals. By the way, rabbits born in winter are stronger than summer babies.
What you need to know about feeding?
Of course, in the summer and spring of special difficulties with feeding the rabbits does not arise, because fresh greens are growing around in great abundance. But in the winter everything is much more complicated. Therefore, the task of how to properly feed the rabbits, in this difficult period, you need to understand in advance, having considered in detail all the details.
So, first you need to understand that there are several groups of feed for these cute animals:
- Succulent feed, which include: silage, beets, carrots, turnips and melons.
- Roughage, which include: hay, straw, branches of coniferous and deciduous trees, bark.
- Green feed, which include: alfalfa, nettle, clover, dandelion, burdock and other varied field and meadow plants.
- Concentrated feed, which include: cake, grain, corn, oats, bran, a variety of ready-mixed feed.
- Animal feed, which include: whey, fish oil, skimmed milk.
- Food waste, which include: dried bread, vegetable peeling, remnants of cereals and soups. The main thing is that products must be fresh and unspoiled. Do not give moldy bread and lost porridge to rabbits.
- Feed additives, which include: chalk, salt, bone meal. They help the body of pets to fill the lack of certain minerals.
There are 2 types of feeding:
- Mixed, when the diet of rabbits consists of feed of various groups, discussed above.
- Dry, when rabbits are fed only dry food. Usually, for this type of feeding, the animals receive all the necessary nutrients, it is best to give them ready-made feed. When choosing feeds, it should be borne in mind that for different age groups of animals there are different types of feed.
In order to properly feed the rabbits, among other things, it is important to consider their age, size and condition. For example, if a rabbit gets sick in the winter, then it should be set aside from other animals, more carefully look after him, heal and focus on vitamin supplements.
Features of the winter diet
Winter feeding rabbits at home can be both dry and mixed type. For obvious reasons, with a dry type of food, it is best to choose the right feed, so that the animals get the necessary substances for normal life and development. But no less rich in nutritional value can be mixed feeding, if you use different types of feed.
Attention! In fact, a mixed type of food is the most economical, because you have to buy less ready-made feeds, as you can prepare them yourself in advance, thereby reducing costs.
It is clear that you will not feed rabbits with fresh green grass in winter, but you should not underestimate the nutritional value of hay. By the way, it is not inferior in terms of food green fresh plants, while retaining a wealth of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. You just need to properly harvest the dry raw material so that it does not lose the nutritional value and the more not spoiled.
Also, an excellent alternative to greens will be vegetables and fruits that can be stored in winter. In order for pets not to lack any elements, feed additives and animal feed should be used. But about everything in order.
In the winter period, when there is no possibility to use fresh green plants rich in moisture, it is necessary to increase the use of such succulent feeds that contain up to 80% of water in the pets menu. This may include a variety of roots, melons and silos.
This type of food contributes to the improvement of the digestive system, increasing fruitfulness in male rabbits. It must be put to nursing rabbits, as a succulent feed helps to produce more milk. It focuses on carbohydrates, which are very quickly absorbed by the body.
Carrot is the most popular root vegetable in the diet of rabbits, one can even say that the use of this vegetable is symbolic. The most important thing is that due to the use of carrots, the animal’s body receives the necessary amount of vitamin A. No need to complicate anything, because rabbits willingly eat whole carrots.
The most delicious dish
Potatoes It is also helpful to include pets in the winter ration. First, it is rich in vitamins. Secondly, it contains a large amount of starch, useful for the digestive system of animals.
Cabbage will be a unique alternative to fresh greens. Its leaves contain a variety of vitamins and trace elements, the receipt of which has a beneficial effect on the condition of pets: their immunity will be strengthened, and the fur coat will have a more attractive appearance.
It is important to gradually introduce it into the eared ration, otherwise an unexpected large amount of cabbage can lead to the upset of the gastrointestinal tract of animals. Cabbage can be used any, from the most ordinary to hummingbirds. To make it easy for animals to eat it, you can divide the cabbage into leaves or chop it into small pieces.
And it will be useful for rabbits to give sauerkraut at least occasionally, rich in vitamin C.
Fodder beet also included in the list of what you can feed rabbits in the winter. It must be entered in the menu of "fluffs" in small doses and gradually, otherwise the animals may experience unpleasant problems with the intestines. It is very useful, its competent use contributes to the proper flow of metabolic processes, strengthens the immune system and improves the blood. You can give pets and beet tops. It is important to know that feeding beetroot rabbits is prohibited.
Nothing better silo. This is what rabbits eat with great pleasure. It is rich in nutrients. Especially silage is useful for nursing rabbits, as it promotes the production of milk in large quantities, filling it with nutrients that ensure rapid growth of rabbits.
Rough feeds are plant-based raw materials that are devoid of moisture, but rich in fiber. Such feeds very quickly cause a feeling of satiety in rabbits, improve the functioning of the digestive system. But it is important to understand that the total amount of roughage in the diet of animals should occupy about 30% of the total daily menu.
And here it is impossible not to appreciate the value of hay, which rabbits love so much. It can be obtained on the basis of both meadow and field grasses. Harvesting hay should be done before the beginning of the flowering period. It is allowed to use herbaceous plants in which this period has already begun. And the hay is worse than fresh grass? It contains no less vitamins, minerals and nutrients than in fresh greens. Therefore, in the winter menu for rabbits the use of hay is given an important place.
Feed for rabbits
One of the favorite treats of rabbits is a plant like nettle. They will be happy if the owner even pampers them in the winter with a dried plant. In order to make such a pleasant billet, you need to collect raw materials in early spring, dry it in the shade and in a well-ventilated room.
It is best to keep a dry surprise for rabbits stored in any container. Because dried nettle leaves are very fragile and quickly crumbling. In fact, to implement such a venture is easy, and the pets will be happy and thankful.
Rabbit food must include branch feed. In order to prepare it, it is necessary in the spring to pick young branches of shrubs and trees, preferably even with leaves. Any rabbit not only eats them with pleasure, but also saps his teeth, which greatly simplifies the mechanical processing of food. However, there is something that can not be fed rabbits. They should not give shoots of poisonous trees and those that contain tannins.
In order to fully feed the rabbits at home in winter, it is necessary to include grains and seeds of cultivated crops in their diets. Seeds of Shrovetide plant species can be given to rabbits just like that, entirely. But the grains of cereals and legumes must first be crushed to make it easier for animals to process them and assimilate the necessary nutrients.
Before the rabbits serve crushed dry mix, it needs to be moistened with just water. This is necessary to ensure that pets do not cause irritation of the respiratory tract under the influence of dust particles of food. In addition, it is better for eared domestic animals to cook cereal platter, thanks to which they will get a wider variety of nutrients and will easily assimilate them.
In order for rabbits to grow and develop well at home in winter, you can prepare in advance for wintering, successfully solving the problem of what they will eat. In fact, it is not as difficult as it seems, if everything is done in a timely manner. However, if the prepared feed is not enough, it will always come to the rescue. feed. And animals will never starve.