Dwarf rabbits have a tiny single-chamber stomach and a very high speed of digestion. Therefore, a lot depends on feeding the rabbit. The young growing rabbit has to constantly feed its body, up to 50 times a day. His diet should be rich and varied. Concentrated and granulated feed does not contain all the substances necessary for the rabbit, although it must also be present in its feeding. In addition, the diet must necessarily contain coarse natural food, fruits and vegetables.
The gastrointestinal tract is the weak point of rabbits. Everything that gets into the body of an animal is reflected in its state of health. Perhaps this will not happen immediately, but we all want a long and happy life for our pets. The absolute number of health problems in rabbits are caused by inappropriate nutrition. These problems can be avoided by providing the rabbit with proper nutrition. Improper diet can trigger the disease after several years, so it is very important to feed the rabbit properly from the first weeks of his life.
The rabbit should always be fresh water! It needs to be changed every day, it is also necessary to wash the drinker regularly.
WHAT YOUR RABBIT SHOULD EAT:
Hay should always be freely available in unlimited quantities. Good hay can be distinguished by thin elastic blades of grass, it should not crumble, dust, be wet, covered with mold. The color of good hay is green, perhaps with a deep yellow tint, the aroma is pleasant. If the hay has a brown, black, gray color, covered with mold, moist, has a musty, unpleasant smell, it should never be given to an animal! It is good to check the hay for the presence of foreign objects, poisonous and harmful plants, rough stems (from umbrella plants), branches that can injure the rabbit.
Grass. You can give almost any meadow grass, weeds from the garden. Plants that are dangerous to the rabbit: hemlock poisonous, poisonous milestones, dog parsley, foxglove, wild radish, celandine, larkspur, halderweed, spurge, St. John’s wort, and some other plants. Rabbits willingly eat tansy and yarrow, but do not give too much of these herbs. Tansy is a fairly toxic plant, in large quantities can cause poisoning. Especially it is harmful sukrolnym and lactating rabbits, because can cause fetal death and baby rabbits. But tansy has anthelmintic action, it can be used for ascariasis. Yarrow is dangerous for sukrolnyh females, as it enhances the reduction of smooth muscles, including muscles of the uterus. This can lead to rejection of the fetus and abortion. You need to be careful with clover and other legumes – it contains saponins that cause foamy tympania. Therefore, in no case should clover be given wet, it is given only in small quantities. Rabbits should not give clover to 3 months of age. Some herbs can be fed together with the root, after thoroughly cleaning and washing (couch grass, burdock, dandelion), with a flower (clover, dandelion, etc.).
The advantages of hay and grass over other feeds:. provide the rabbit with all the nutrients it needs;
– contain mineral salts, including calcium, necessary for strengthening bones;
– rich in coarse fibers, which are necessary for normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract;
– require long chewing, therefore, provide optimal grinding of teeth;
– poor in fat, which prevents the development of obesity;
– poor in carbohydrates, so do not allow the development of pathogenic microflora.
In addition, rabbits need to feed vegetables, herbs and fruits / berries. Greenery , which can be given to rabbits: various leafy salads, basil, dill, parsley, celery, fennel, mint, lemon balm, spinach, chard, watercress, coriander, arugula, chervil, mustard, chicory salad, tarragon, raspberry leaves, strawberries, currants, cherries, apples, gooseberries, rose hips, rosemary, lovage, marjoram, purslane, savory, thyme, thyme.
Fruits and berries , which can be given to rabbits: pineapple, banana, grapes, blueberries, pear, melon, watermelon, blackberries, figs, kiwi, cranberries, strawberries, gooseberries, raspberries, mandarin, orange, sea buckthorn, currants, wild rose, apple. Fruits and berries are given in a small amount 2-3 times a week as a treat. In the summer they can be dried and stored for the winter. We must not forget that because of the high sugar content, fruits and berries give a little bit.
Vegetables, which can be given to a rabbit: broccoli, carrots and its green part, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, white cabbage, kohlrabi, Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, zucchini, cucumber, tomato, turnip, Jerusalem artichoke, pumpkin, fennel, meadow grass, alfalfa, lettuce, mint, sweet pepper, celery, spinach, beet with tops, parsnip, daikon, radish, endive. It must be remembered that with any cabbage should be careful. It causes gas and diarrhea, so it is given in small quantities (it is better to give the upper leaves) and only to healthy animals. Branches that can be given to rabbits : birch, willow, cherry, pear, oak, spruce (in winter), willow, gooseberry, larch (in winter), raspberry, alder, aspen, ash, plum, currant, pine (in winter), poplar, apple, ash. Coniferous branches are given fresh in winter, because in summer they contain a lot of essential oils, which is dangerous for rabbits.
Useful seeds for rabbits : anise, sesame, fennel and dill seeds, flax seeds.
Granulated feed giving can and should be, but they must meet certain requirements. They should be made only from hay, herbs and vegetable plants, they should not contain cereal flour or animal flour. The fiber content should be at least 18%. If there is an obesity problem, then the amount of food reduces or removes it altogether.
Do not forget that the transition to a new type of feed should be carried out gradually, while replacing a small part of the old feed with a new one. This may take more than one week, you need to give time to the intestinal bacteria to adapt to the new food, otherwise diarrhea can happen. When switching to a new feed, carefully watch the chair. Especially carefully you need to enter into the diet juicy fresh feed. New types of feed are introduced into the diet starting from a small piece, one type at a time.
WHAT THE RABBITS CAN NOT GIVE:
Useful plants for your rabbit:
Nettle contains a lot of protein, minerals and vitamins. It is used as a valuable top dressing and medicine. It can be given to rabbits only until they are completely freshly budded. In order for animals to better eat the plant, it must be pre-scalded with hot water and finely chopped. nettles for hay, in the spring it will be a valuable protein and vitamin supplement for sukrolnyh females and young. The nutritional value of young shoots of nettles are not inferior to bean plants. Do medicinal raw materials spia and shoots collected in the second half of June and in July. They are dried in the shade. It has a mild laxative effect and gives a good effect in gastrointestinal disorders. It has an antimicrobial effect.
Rabbits eat a dandelion with great pleasure as a delicacy. It is included in the diet to increase feed intake. The plant contains a lot of protein (protein) and a relatively small amount of fiber. You should feed the dandelion in a mixture with other herbs. And in the diet it should not take more than 30 % of the total share of green fodder, otherwise the growth of the rabbit is delayed. The medicinal value is the root – it is harvested in the fall, used orally in the form of a powder, a pap or an extract, as a taste and improves digestion.
Pyrei. wild grass aboutblesses valuable feed properties. Its nutrition is quite high. Giving without restriction.
Hedgehog team-wild cereal, to give without restriction
Timothy grass – refers to wild cereals, can be given without restriction.
Bluegrass meadow-wild cereal, to give without restriction.
Bonfire wild cereal, can be given without restriction.
Sorghum (Sudanese grass) – refers to wild grasses – to give without restriction.
Oats (cultivated cereal) can be given without restriction, but it is more useful in a young form (before the formation of ears), can be grown on a window sill from seeds.
Wheat (cultivated cereal), to give without restriction, but, like oats, more useful before the formation of ears. You can grow from seed on the windowsill! Especially in winter!
Rye (cereal) -giving without limitation, more useful before the formation of ears. You can grow on the windowsill of seeds!
Barley. Everything is the same as with previous cultural crops.
Millet. Everything is the same as with previous cultural crops.
Duster, whose leaves contain proteins, fiber, carbohydrates (fructose and glucose), essential oils, volatile production, mineral salts (salts of potassium, magnesium, copper, iron, cobalt, manganese, boron and titanium), vitamins A and C, and trace elements . Especially useful and nutritious plants before flowering, given in a mixture with other herbs.
Rabbits willingly eat coltsfoot. They usually start feeding her in the end of May in a mixture with other herbs. They are used to improve appetite and digestion in inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract., As well as a wound healing agent.
Plantain is rich in protein, carbohydrates and minerals. There is little fiber in it. It is very useful for rabbits. Applied as a wound-healing agent. Plantain leaves are crushed into mush, filled with five times the amount of a weak solution of sodium chloride and filtered through several layers of gauze. Open wounds are treated with the filtrate obtained.
There are several dozen types of wormwood. The plant is characterized by a strong specific smell and bitter taste. It contains essential oils that stimulate the heart, digestive tract and kidneys. Gender is important medicinal value: it is considered one of the best means to increase appetite and enhance digestion. Apply it with the accumulation of gases, inflammation of the stomach and for the expulsion of worms. Rabbits are fed wormwood in a limited quantity mixed with other herbs. At the same time, the main goal is to prevent the stomach but intestinal disorders and increased feed absorption.
Lopushnik (burdock) – has medicinal properties. The roots of young, not yet flowering plants, collected in September, are used as an anti-decay agent. Rabbits are better to feed lopushnik mixed with other herbs.
Yarrow is one of the favorite plants of rabbits! It increases appetite, improves digestion, has astringent properties. Therefore, it must be fed to rabbits in a mixture with plants that have a laxative effect. Dangerous for suckling females, as it increases the contraction of smooth muscles, including the muscles of the uterus. This can lead to fetal rejection and abortion.
Oxygen (hare cabbage). Edible herbaceous plant, sourish to the taste, which is able to exert anthelmintic, hemostatic, wound healing and diuretic action. This plant is rich in carotene, but also contains a lot of vitamin C and oxalic acid, so it can be given to rabbits only in very small quantities, not every day and always mixed with other herbs, and it is better not to give young, pregnant and lactating females at all.
Shepherd’s purse. Contains in its composition vitamins C and K, organic acids, alkaloids, tannins and a number of other organic compounds with high biological activity. Organic acids are represented by malic, citric, tartaric, fumaric and specific bursa acids. Seeds contain fatty and allyl mustard oil. Can be given in a mixture with other herbs. It has medicinal effects. hemostatic and astringent, therefore, can be used as one of the adjuvant drugs for diarrhea or bleeding. However, shepherd’s bag is not recommended for pregnant and lactating females..
Tansy- (wild rowan) is a perennial herb. Rabbits eat wild rowan with great pleasure. They have been used for a long time. As an anthelmintic agent. Give in small quantities. Especially harmful sukrolnym and lactating females, because it can cause fetal death and baby rabbits.
Quinoa. The composition of quinoa includes a large amount of proteins, saponins, carbohydrates, minerals (in particular, potassium), fiber, essential oil, oxalic acid. The herb is rich in vitamins – ascorbic acid, carotene, rutin. Seeds contain fatty acids and starch. Feeding quinoa to rabbits is possible, but only in a mixture with other herbs, little by little and not every day (like any plant containing oxalic acid), but pregnant and lactating females are not recommended to give it at all.
Sagebrush. Contains natural amino acids, potassium salts, tannins, and essential oils enriched with vitamins of groups A and B, as well as ascorbic acid and other useful natural compounds. It has antiparasitic action. can be used as a natural anthelmintic. However, the composition of wormwood, in addition to useful, includes some toxic substances that in large quantities can cause poisoning, so feed this plant with rabbits with caution. only in very small doses, occasionally and only in a mixture with other herbs, and pregnant and lactating bunnies cannot be given at all. in pregnant women can provoke a miscarriage, while in nursing. poisoning and death of babies.
Clover (yellow, notched, white). A plant from the legume family, which is very well eaten by all kinds of herbivorous animals and is suitable for producing any high-protein feed: haylage, hay, silage, hay and vitamin-herbal flour, green food. Melilot hay in general nutritional value and chemical composition somewhat exceeds even hay from sainfoin and alfalfa, and it is 2 times as high in hayable protein as hay of perennial cereal grasses. 100 kg of clover contains 8.4 kg of digestible protein and 58 feed units, and in the hay of sainfoin and alfalfa, respectively. 48-53 feed units, 7.6 and 8.1 kg of digestible protein. As a result of determining the nutritional value of the three types of feed from the clover, scientists found that in total and protein nutritional value, the silo from the clover was inferior to the silo from clover. At the same time, they emphasized that no butyric acid was found in the silo from the clover, while in the clover silo its content was 0.89%. According to their data, 159 and 124 g of digestible protein, as well as 193 and 180 mg of carotene accounted for 1 feed unit in grass flour and granules from sweet clover, which especially confirms the high nutritional value of these types of feed. Melilot is also considered a good milking agent, therefore it is especially useful for lactating bunnies. Give, like all legumes, mixed with other herbs. However, the clover has an antispasmodic effect, so it is better not to give it to females during pregnancy.
The camomile pharmaceutical (including. Fragrant. See the second photo). Sick animals are especially needed as a disinfectant, antispasmodic and sedative, as well as for problems with the stomach and poisoning, so it is recommended to harvest it for the winter not only as a feed additive, but also as a medicinal plant for rabbits. The components of chamomile flower baskets include such components as azulene, carotene, matricin, flavonoids, gum, glycosides, apiin, and acids: nicotinic, antemisic, ascorbic, salicylic, and isovalerianic. The chemical composition of the plant is also valuable due to the presence of essential oil, the main active substances of which are chamazulene and bisabolol. The healing properties of chamazulene are characterized as anti-inflammatory and enhancing regenerative processes. Bisabolol has not less useful properties, similar in result, but antibacterial effect is added to them.
Mint. Peppermint contains essential oil, flavonoids, tannins and bitterness. The most important component in peppermint essential oil is menthol (up to 60%). It is able to exert a slight local anesthetic effect, while irritating the receptors of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines, menthol causes increased peristalsis, therefore it also helps in the disorder of the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, and also has antiseptic properties. Mint, like valerian, has a sedative effect, so it can also be given to rabbit during the period of "hot" in mixture with other herbs.
Valeriana officinalis. The plant is rich in essential oil. It contains alkaloids, vitamins, minerals (for example, selenium, iron). The root contains tannins, saponins, sugar. You can give valerian in small doses and not often, mixed with other herbs. It has a sedative effect, therefore it can smooth out the aggression manifestations of the rabbit during the period of "hot dog".
Lambshell white or purple-looks ha nettle, but not stinging. It tastes like spinach. It is a medicinal plant, it has a soothing, analgesic. , choline, lamine. The leaves contain ascorbic, coffee, coumarinic, ferulic acid. Give a little in the mix with other herbs.
Mokritsa (starburst). Can be given indefinitely in a mixture with other herbs. Contains a large amount of carotene (provitamin A), ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and tocopherol (vitamin E). The beneficial properties of this "triad" enhances the high zinc content. Eating wood lice by males used in breeding has a positive effect on the quality of their sperm, improves the fertility of females, increases lactation in nursing rabbits, and helps youngsters to grow and develop quickly and fully. This herb also has a variety of medicinal properties: it is useful to give with problems with digestion, for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, and lice juice can be used for instillation when the cornea is clouded.
Sage has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Give in mixture with other herbs.
For drying, all parts of the sage plant are used, the leaves are harvested up to three times per season, the flowers during flowering (from July to September)
Clover is white, red, pink — one of the plants most loved by rabbits; however, like all legumes, it should be given in limited amounts and always mixed with other herbs.
Alfalfa is especially useful for pregnant and lactating females and for intensively growing youngsters (up to 6 months), contains vitamins A, B, K, P and E, and also contains ergocalcium ferol, which prevents the development of rickets. As for the trace elements contained in Alfalfa-they are presented in an easily digestible form, which means that they are easily absorbed by the body. However, it is limited to adult rabbits in small quantities along with other herbs.
Another type of alfalfa, the properties are the same. As in the previous one.
Sainfoin. Honey plant from the legume family. Cultivated as a fodder plant. Contains a large amount of protein, fats, carbohydrates and amino acids. It also contains anti-inflammatory effects, has a positive effect on cardiovascular and oncological diseases, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, nitrogen-free compounds (stimulates intestinal motility and improves the absorption of nutrients that come with food), ascorbic acid and rutin (vitamin P). The seeds of sainfoin contain sucrose, raffinose, fatty oils with solid fatty acids. This culture has a high value in animal husbandry, it is sown in order to produce grass meal and hay for livestock feed. Most zootechnicians even prefer sainfoin over other fodder legumes, since it contains as many feed units as alfalfa (100 kg of sainfoin hay – 50-53 fodder units), but feeding a large amount of sapparcet green mass does not cause animals bloating (tympanite), and food prepared on its basis, also has a better effect on the condition of animals than food from alfalfa or clover. Esparcet is also able to raise the level of male hormones (testosterone, androgens), therefore, it is especially useful for males before mating. Give, like all legumes, mixed with other herbs.
Mouse peas (wick). Contains, like all legumes, a lot of protein, as well as a large amount of calcium, phosphorus, carotene (vitamin A), ascorbic acid (vitamin C), tocopherol (vitamin E), flavonoids. Consequently, this plant is also useful for lactating females, but it is better to collect it before the seeds (pods) are formed, because eating them can cause poisoning (mouse pea seeds contain hydrocyanic acid). Feed limited, mixed with other herbs.
Cyprus (Ivan-tea). Soft above-ground parts of willow-tea contain from active substances – up to one-fifth of the total composition of tannins (or tannins), flavonoids, mucus, pectin, as well as various alkaloids, carotene, vitamin C and a great many trace elements – iron, copper, titanium , nickel, boron, manganese, molybdenum, a large amount of alkali metals. Before flowering, the stem and leaves of the plant also contain a lot of protein, salts of phosphorus and calcium. Give in mixture with other herbs. It has a mild sedative effect.
Cuff ordinary (paddling pool). Contains catechins, tannins, organic acids, flavonoids, lipids, vitamin C, zinc, iron, manganese, boron. The maximum concentration of nutrients in the cuff is observed during its flowering period. Especially useful for pregnant rabbits. contributes to the normal course of pregnancy and childbirth, helps prevent miscarriages. Give in mixture with other herbs.
Lyonka ordinary. Herb plant of the family Plantain. Able to have an analgesic and anthelmintic effect, it is useful for cystitis. Contains alkaloid D ,, flavonoid glycosides, ascorbic acid, pectin and resinous substances, phytosterol, choline and carotene. Give a little, mixed with other herbs (in large doses, this plant is poisonous!). Pregnant baby rabbits can not be given, like all herbs with anthelmintic action.
Tarragon (tarragon). The tarragon contains an essential oil consisting of terpenes, methylhavicol, sabinen, otsimen, methoxycinnamic aldehyde and felandren, pectin and tannins, flavonoids, proteins, fats, resins, bitters, vitamins (A, C, PP, B1, B2, B6 , B9, B12, D). Tarragon is rich in salts of iron, selenium, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium. You can give a little mixed with other herbs.
BRANCHES FOR THE RABBIT.
White willow-her rabbits just love, you can give without restrictions, like other types of willow.
Aspen is also like rabbits, can be given without restrictions.
The apple tree is adored. Without limitation.
Pear without any restrictions every day.
Hazel (hazel) can be without restrictions. We grow with such huge thorns!
Birch-has a diuretic effect, give limited to a mixture of other branches.
Oak-contains a high amount of tannic substances, therefore it is limited to give, mixed with other branches. It is very good to give dried branches with diarrhea, as a natural fixative.
Maple-bounded in a mixture of branches.
Kalina-limited in the mixture.
Lime-rare and a little-in the mix.
Elm. Give without flowers and fruits. Occasionally in a mixture.
Ash-giving without flowers and fruits, gradually in the mixture.
Black currant-berries. As a delicacy, sometimes, but the branches can be unlimited!
Red currant-see above!
White currant, see above!
Bilberry branches without restrictions, berries sometimes in the form of a delicacy.
Blackberry = unlimited branches, berries. As a treat, dosed!
Raspberries, because of the spines, give caution, if there are other branches, you can refuse them. Berries are like a delicacy.
Gooseberry-history, like raspberry-prickly branches, can be given if there are other branches, berries-treats are limited.
ENJOY YOUR MEAL!