Breeders use several types of feed for feeding rabbits: concentrated, green and succulent, as well as coarse.
Concentrated feed should make up the majority of the rabbit diet. These feeds include cereals, legumes and seeds of Shrovetide plants. There are many carbohydrates in cereals, in legumes there is protein, and in oil crops there is fat.
Oats, barley, and maize are suitable cereals for feeding rabbits.
Oats carry a lot of nutrients, while not conducive to obesity of the animal. The proportion of oats in concentrated feed can be up to 50%.
Barley is also nutritious, moreover, it surpasses oats in this indicator by 20%. Barley contains the essential amino acids lysine and choline. In addition, this cereal helps to improve digestion. This culture is recommended for feeding rabbits during lactation and young animals. The disadvantages of barley can be attributed only to the film shell, which is difficult to digest, so before feeding the animal it is better to crush the barley.
Corn can be safely attributed to energy-intensive feed. It contains a large amount of carbohydrates, carotene and fats. Because of its properties, corn can cause obesity of an animal, therefore in a concentrated feed it should be no more than 25%.
Wheat carries less energy, but it contains a lot of vitamins and protein. As part of the concentrated feed for animals, feed wheat is used (no more than 25%). The use of this cereal as a mono forage can cause intestinal swelling and impaired mineral metabolism.
Bean foods contain many proteins, vitamins, phosphorus and calcium. Rabbits are recommended to give vetch, peas, soybeans and lentils.
Peas – a source of the amino acid lysine. It is well digested and has a high energy value. Peas rabbits should be fed in a hammer form (10% in the composition of concentrated feed).
Soy contains a lot of protein and a useful combination of amino acids. Before adding it to the feed, soybeans must be subjected to moisture and heat treatment.
From the oil crops in the feeding of rabbits used flax seeds. It is also necessary to give the animals chestnuts and acorns. They can be mixed with bran or cake, as well as with succulent feed.
Green food for rabbits is represented by grasses, silage, haylage, root crops and melons. Grasses can be divided into forest, meadow, steppe and weeds. Good forest grasses can be found in well-lit wastelands and glades. Rabbits love clover, alfalfa, wheatgrass, sainfoin, dandelions, plantain. Among the steppe grasses for rabbits, wormwood and yarrow will become a delicacy.
When choosing meadow grasses, pay attention to the fact that rabbits do not like plants from swampy or flooded meadows. That is, they do not need to give, for example, sedge or horsetails. These herbs have a sour taste. Well these animals eat tansy, sorrel, sow thistle, coltsfoot, etc.
In summer, green fodder should be basic. It is better to mow the grass before lunch, when the weather is still not hot. Grass, mowed down after rain or dew, is not recommended to give to rabbits.
Silo is chopped and canned fresh greens. For the manufacture of silage is best to use the stems of Jerusalem artichoke, corn and sunflower, carrot tops and cabbage leaves. In order to prevent the putrefaction of bacteria in the silo, in its manufacture the components must be carefully tamped and the container must be sealed.
Haylage is made from dried grass, which must be crushed to 2-4 cm, then tamped tightly into a container and covered with a film, while maintaining tightness.
Roots contain a lot of water, carbohydrates and vitamin C and a small amount of protein, fat, fiber and minerals.
Rabbit can be given fodder and sugar beets, fodder cabbage, carrots and potato tubers. Before feeding the rabbits you need to wash the vegetables and boil the potatoes.
Gourds in their composition have various vitamins, carbohydrates and trace elements useful for animals. Gourds can be used both in pure form and in combination with other feed in the fall, when there is no access to green feed.
In winter, the main type of food for the rabbit becomes coarse feed. They are nutritious and able to provide a sufficient amount of diet. Rough feed includes: hay, straw, twig food, herbal and hay flour, chaff, as well as corn stalks and rods.
Among the roughage is the main hay. It contains many vitamins and minerals. The best food will be legumes and legume-grass hay, mown before the start of flowering plants and dried in the shade.
So that your animal does not get into trouble, you should know not only the list of necessary feeds, but also those that you can feed the rabbits by no means.
Feeding domestic rabbits with nuts, red beets or unprocessed potatoes can lead to digestive problems in the animal. Legumes should not be used as monocorm, otherwise meteorisms may begin in a rabbit. Undesirable consequences may result in feeding of red, white and cauliflower.
When harvesting hay, be careful, among the plants can be poisonous, for example, celandine, Datura, buttercup, hemlock, ramson, bindweed.
When feeding ornamental rabbits, avoid confectionery, pasta, cereal and bread.
When buying feed, pay attention to its composition. Qualitative options suitable for a rabbit should contain at least 20% crude fiber, less than 15% protein, and fat and calcium up to 1%. Small rabbits during the period of growth should be given a greater amount of dry food, since they need a lot of protein and calcium.
Fresh grass hay is the best food for ornamental rabbits. It helps to improve digestion, relieves hair from lumps in the stomach and nourishes the body of animals with vitamins and protein. Hay rabbits can be fed in unlimited quantities and year round. It is very important to ensure that the hay has a pleasant smell and is not wet. The largest amount of vitamins and protein is contained in nettle hay. It can be harvested before the flowering of the plant to dry in the shade.
- In addition to hay, rabbit can be fed with a mixture of herbs and dried stems of asparagus, hops and calendula.
- Do not forget to give the rabbit twigs. Their use is not only in the obvious nutritional value (especially if the branches with leaves), but also to help in grinding the teeth. You can use the branches of willow, linden, aspen, Canadian maple, ash, acacia, currant, pear and apple trees.
- As for succulent fodder, green grass will suit the decorative rabbit. You can give him leaves of quinoa, wheat grass, dandelion, burdock, as well as rhubarb, chicory and clover.
- Vegetables rabbit can eat tomatoes, zucchini, cucumbers (without seeds), carrots and turnips.
- From garden crops suitable tops of radish, turnip, carrot, spinach, basil, parsley, lettuce, strawberry leaves, sunflower and Jerusalem artichoke.
- Watermelon, cantaloupe, apples, pears, bananas, green beans and peas can be given in small quantities.
Choosing a diet for a rabbit is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. The main thing is to ensure that among his food was not products intended for humans and poisonous plants. If you follow all the rules, your animal will be healthy and beautiful.
Do you have a decorative rabbit at home? Then you will be interested to know how to feed this lovely lump. Remember, balancing the nutrition of rabbits is the key to their health and longevity. By nature, these animals are forced to gnaw something all the time, as their teeth must be constantly grinded. In addition, their diet consists of plant foods, and, as you understand, it is less calorie and nutritious than meat. For this reason, feeding rabbits should be private. In addition, these rodents have a rather voluminous digestive tract. From all this we can conclude with confidence that the long-eared are still those gluttons. They can eat all the time: day and night. Therefore, you need to take care of the diversity of feed.
All food for these animals can be divided into: animal origin, juicy, coarse, concentrates. Each group has its own characteristics in terms of moisture content and nutrients.
Feeding rabbits with roughage
This is straw, hay, twigs. Such food contains little moisture, but a lot of fiber. Such food is necessary for good digestion, as well as for grinding teeth. Especially important for rabbits is hay. This is not just dry grass, it is a storehouse of vitamins for the rodent. It contains carotenoids, proteins and vitamins. When choosing hay, pay attention to its smell – it should be pleasant. It is useful to give your pets sprigs of aspen, acacia, and fruit trees (cherries, apples). Do not include in the diet of rabbits poplar and walnut. Dried ornamental flower stalks are a good option for feeding these pets. It can be hops, asparagus or calendula. Rodents can be given pea straw.
Feeding the rabbits with juicy food.
The most delicious treat for these rodents. It contains a lot of vitamins, moisture, but little fiber. Beets, carrots and Jerusalem artichokes are especially healthy vegetables. A rabbit can be given leaves of dandelion and burdock, wheat grass, etc. All herbs need to be collected away from the roads. You can give carrots, strawberries, radishes and turnips tops. Be sure to feed the rabbit vegetables and fruits: apples, carrots, cucumbers, zucchini, etc. Products must be washed and cut into pieces.
This food is very nutritious and well digested. This group of products includes: bran, corn, oats, bread (preferably black).
Rabbits can be added to the diet of fish oil, meat and bone meal and milk. The need of rodents for such food is small. It should be given to lactating and pregnant rabbits.
This group of products includes wild rose berries, mountain ash, sprigs of needles. Be sure to be in the diet of the rabbit vegetables such as tomatoes, pumpkins and carrots. Vitamin A can be synthesized from these products in an animal’s body. Very often, avitaminosis D develops in rabbits. Because of this, rachitis occurs in animals. Therefore, you need to provide your pet regular sunbathing at home. You can give the rabbit fish oil (it contains two vitamins: A and D).
It is necessary to introduce feeding in the diet of the rodent. He must be in a cage should be chalk and bars of salt.
In no case do not give the rabbits poisonous herbs (buttercup, tansy, celandine, Datura and others), potatoes (contains poison – solanine), cabbage, red beets. In addition, do not feed the rodent legumes (clover, tops of green peas, etc.) and human delicacies (borscht, sausage, sweets). These foods can cause frustration, diarrhea and many other diseases.
Now you know how the feeding of rabbits occurs, what is possible for such rodents, and what needs to be given up. Be anxious about your pets, then your animals will always be cheerful and healthy!
The secret to successful breeding rabbits is to develop a balanced diet that will allow these delicate animals to grow and reproduce quickly. For the farmer, it is very important to learn how to distinguish between good food and harmful foods that threaten the life and health of eared rodents. What can not feed the rabbits, and what food will keep in order of their health – consider in this article.
What can not feed the rabbits
Unlike cats, dogs and some other pets, rabbits can not be fed the remnants of food from your table. In their diet should include green, juicy, coarse and concentrated feed.
The group called “green food” includes wild and cultivated herbs, beans and cereals, leaves of root crops and tuberous plants. These feeds form the core of the rabbit diet in the warm season, or rather from mid-spring to mid-autumn.
The following wild and cultivated grasses are suitable for feeding rabbits:
- peas (vetch);
- feed clover;
- feed corn;
- sweet lupine;
- young green oats;
- young green winter rye;
Popular green foods: lawn grass, clover, alfalfa, sweet lupine
Beans and cereals are rich in vitamins and minerals, but their use as a basic diet (in its pure form) can cause meteorism in rabbits. The greatest effect of these plants can be obtained in the composition of feed mixtures.
Green food – the basis of a healthy diet of eared rodents
Rabbits love to crunch tasty and juicy tops of root crops and tubers:
- tuber strawberry (potato);
- tuberiferous sunflower (Jerusalem artichoke);
- fodder turnips (turnips);
- fodder and sugar beet;
Green food is easily absorbed by rabbits.
4-5 days before the harvest of potatoes, the above-ground part of the crop is carefully cut, dried and fed to the rabbits. In the total mass of green fodder, the proportion of tops should not exceed 15%.
Rabbits gladly eat the tops of tubers and root crops
Rough food is dry food of plant origin rich in fiber. These feeds include:
- quality hay;
- branch feed;
- flour made from hay and various herbs.
Rough feed should provide about 25% of the diet of eared animals. Due to the significant content of fiber, they give the rabbits a feeling of fullness and make digestion as comfortable as possible.
Rabbits with pleasure eat not only hay, but also branches of bushes and trees
For the winter, for each adult rabbit, farmers store 40 kg of hay. If in the winter months the litter is planned, then you will need to stock 10-15 kg of hay for each newborn baby. If there is not enough hay for some reason, then the remains are distributed between the nursing rabbits and the young, and the main flock is transferred to oat, lentil, pea or millet straw. This measure is temporary, since such straw is not very nutritious.
Rabbits are given both fresh and well-dried branches.
Hay harvesting for rabbits
Step 1. Mow the grass before flowering.
Step 2. The mowed grass is laid out in the sun and slightly dried.
Step 3. Leave the hay under cover in a well ventilated place.
Step 4. Control the readiness of hay: it should be green, slightly dried, with a pleasant herbal aroma.
Step 5. Hay is transferred to closed senniks and placed on dry pallets 0.5 m from the ground.
The branches of some trees have a healing effect.
In winter, when rabbits are deprived of fresh green grass, they are offered harvested from autumn branches of deciduous plants, including fruit trees and berry bushes.
Tree branches suitable for rabbits
Alder and oak mount a chair with diarrhea. The branches of these plants will help to cope with indigestion and diarrhea in rabbits.
Branches of mountain ash, raspberry, oak and pine are ideal for feeding rabbits
The benefits of rabbit feed for the health of the rabbit. How to collect, dry, harvest branches and how to feed them rabbits.
There are also poisonous plants, the branches of which cannot be fed to fluffy pets. It:
- Labrador tea;
- bird cherry ordinary;
- wolf bast (daphne);
- sorcere berries (buckthorn);
In stone trees and birch branches contains prussic acid, a high concentration of which can be dangerous for rabbits. Branches of these trees can be fed to rabbits rarely and little by little.
In the rabbit’s food are not only the leaves and flowers of the plant, but also its branches.
Branches prepare for the future in the beginning of summer. To do this, cut thin, fresh twigs no longer than 0.5 m and no thicker than 0.5 cm, knit them into brooms with a diameter of about 10-12 cm and hang them in well ventilated areas for drying.
To prevent brooms from becoming moldy during storage, they should dry well
In winter, instead of greenery and dried branches, rabbits are given branches of coniferous trees. The needles are included in the diet of eared rodents gradually, as shown in the following table.
The period of adaptation of rabbits to the new feed
After 15-20 days of regular use, the needles of the rabbits are transferred to a normal diet, then the “coniferous menu” can be repeated anew. Consumption of pine needles increases the appetite of rabbits and contributes to their rapid growth.
Succulent feeds are products of plant origin with a high water content. They consist of roots, tubers, vegetables, silage and food industry waste.
Favorite succulent feeds of rabbits
In succulent feeds water takes from 65% to 90%, the rest is protein, fats and fiber. They are rich in vitamins, well digested and absorbed.
Succulent feed: useful properties and recommendations for feeding
- nutritional value
The diet of rabbits can include turnips, melons, radish, tuberiferous sunflower, watermelons and fodder turnips (turnips), but the nutritional value of these root crops and melons is low.
Carrots – the most beloved root vegetable in rabbits
Succulent feed can be put on the manufacture of rabbits silage, which improves digestion, has good taste and high nutritional value. Silage is prepared from tops, herbs, melons and gourds, vegetables and vegetable waste. This type of feed increases lactation in lactating rabbits and accelerates the development of babies.
Rabbits love not only fresh vegetables, but also silage made from them
Many people think that preparing silage for the future is a privilege of large farms. However, it can be easily prepared at home. Here is what you need:
- Prepare a spacious tank, for example, a wooden barrel or earthen pit, reinforced with wooden planks or cement.
- Take the necessary ingredients and cut into 1×1 cm sticks.
- Put the silo in the tank and tamp carefully.
- Isolate the container so that oxygen does not get into it.
- Leave the mat for 2 months.
Easily assimilated silage made from fresh grass, tops and vegetables
To increase the nutritional value of silage for fattening meat rabbits, they add mashed potatoes and legumes to it.
For concentrated feed characterized by high nutritional value and low content of fiber and water. These include:
- legumes (lentils, peas, soybeans);
- cereals (corn, oats);
- wastes of industrial crops (bran, cake, meal, zhoma);
- compound feeds;
- animal feed (bone, blood meal, fish meal).
Popular Concentrated Feed
Feed concentrated type should be 30-40% of the diet of rabbits. Their use contributes to the intensive growth of animals and increased lactation in lactating rabbits.
General characteristics of the concentrated feed for rabbits
Thus, the range of "allowed" feed for rabbits is quite wide. Now let’s talk about what feed can harm the health of fluffy pets.
Some types of grass can cause a serious digestive upset in rabbits, and in some cases food poisoning. A novice farmer should know the list of these herbs and prevent their presence in the diet of their pets.
Herbs that can cause rabbits poisoning
Rabbits with their delicate digestive system should not be given plants and herbs collected along the roads. Exhaust fumes and dust, which is generously covered with this green, can provoke indigestion in rabbits. Partially neutralizing this problem will help pre-washing the grass in running water.
Rabbits are unpretentious animals with an excellent appetite. But with apparent omnivorous, they are very sensitive to the content of the feed. Even among the vegetables, fruits, cereals and legumes that are familiar to rabbits, there are species that should be used with caution.
Vegetables. Everyone knows that rabbits love vegetables. However, some types of vegetables should be given to eared rodents in limited quantities, since their excessive consumption can lead to intestinal dysbiosis. These vegetables include:
- red cabbage;
- table beet;
- green potatoes.
Vegetables that can cause indigestion in rabbits
Fruits. Rabbits can be given fresh and dried apples and seedless pears. Dried fruits are categorized as conditionally permitted feeds, since they are treated with sulfur to increase the shelf life. Having eaten such dried fruits, rabbits will not die, but they will not benefit either.
But exotic fruits should be completely excluded from the diet of pets. They should not be given:
Fruits, which give rabbit undesirable
Cereals. Some crops, getting into the digestive system of rabbits, significantly increase the amount of mucus in the stomach, and at the same time do not bring any benefit to the animal. Other grains have too hard consistency, or contain little insoluble fiber, necessary to improve the bowels and high digestibility of the feed.
Here is a list of crops that will not benefit the animal:
Millet, rice, rye and millet should not be included in the diet of rabbits.
Legumes Some types of legumes can cause gas formation, bloating and severe pain in rabbits. The "forbidden" types of legumes include:
- black beans;
- red beans;
- green pea.
Legumes that harm the rabbit’s digestive system
Also, rabbits should not be given ready-made porridges and mashed peas, especially those boiled on milk with added sugar.
Milk products. Some inexperienced farmers feed their pets with milk and dairy products, justifying their actions by the fact that rabbits need protein for normal development. Protein is really necessary, but not animal, but vegetable, which is abundantly found in dry yellow peas and barley.
Milk and dairy products should not be given to rabbits even in the minimum amount.
Baking, sweets. If you treat your rabbits with cakes, sweet crackers, yeast bread, biscuits, crackers, ice cream or other sweets, then you will do them a disservice. Modern baking and sweets contain dyes, flavor enhancers, refined sugar, a large amount of fat and yeast – all this is harmful for rabbits and with regular consumption can cause obesity.
Do not give the rabbits baking, even if they are happy to eat it
Feed. Rabbits with pleasure eat compound feed. Some breeders, wanting to quickly feed their flock, give animals feed for pigs and cattle. If pig feed does not harm the rabbits, then cattle feed contains a significant concentration of salts, which obviously will not go to crawls.
In no case give rabbit bird feed. They add crushed shell and small pebbles, the sharp edges of which are very dangerous for a tender rabbit stomach.
Rabbit breeding specialists cannot unambiguously answer the question of whether potatoes can be added to the animals ration or not.
Potatoes reduce the cost of the rabbit diet
The following facts speak in favor of the tuberule steed:
- this low-cost food product reduces the cost of rabbit ration by several times;
- potatoes contain vitamins B and C;
- potatoes are rich in trace elements, in particular calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron and phosphorus.
On the other hand, raw potatoes bring no benefit to the rabbit. First, starch without prior heat treatment is not well absorbed by animals, provokes the appearance of gases in the intestine and indigestion. Secondly, raw potato causes obstruction of the milk ducts in rabbits who feed the babies. Therefore, raw potatoes and potato peelings cannot be classified as products useful for rabbits.
Potato peelings, like raw potatoes, have no place in the diet of rabbits
As for boiled potatoes, it consists of 20% of starch, from which the rabbits intensively gain weight. This property of a potato is successfully used by farmers when growing rabbits of meat breeds. Their main goal is to accelerate the growth of the animal and get a decent profit from the sale of rabbit meat.
But domestic rabbits, which are not raised for meat, potatoes should not be given. These rabbits are sedentary, so eating potatoes can lead to accelerated formation of subcutaneous fat, obesity and death of the pet.
- meat breed rabbits, which are fattening, to give up to 200 g of potatoes per day;
- give pets and general pets 50-70 grams of potatoes with a sedentary lifestyle and 80-10 grams with motor activity;
- from the diet of males and nursing rabbit potatoes should be excluded.
Pay attention: potato tops, even the most juicy and appetizing, cannot be fed to rabbits. It contains solanine – a toxic substance that can cause severe poisoning in animals.
Three types of beet are widely used in Russia: fodder, table and sugar. Table beets are not suitable for feeding rabbits. Having eaten such beets, they can die.
Dining beet: exclude it from the diet of rabbits
Remember! Table beets, which we use to cook borscht, should not be included in the rabbit diet. It can cause serious damage to your pet’s digestive system.
Feed beets are suitable for fattening meat rabbits
Whether it’s fodder beet. One of its name – "feed" says that it is suitable for feeding animals. Being a juicy and nutritious product, fodder beets are suitable for fattening meat rabbits, feeding lactating bunnies and restoring the strength of weak and sick animals.
Sugar beet. Rabbits love it raw and cooked
But the most useful is sugar beet, which is well absorbed by rabbits. Such beetroot is dried, silage is made of it, given raw or boiled.
No less useful is the beet tops, which are offered to rabbits in a slightly dried (dried) condition. This plant has antiseptic properties.
Dried beet tops suitable for feeding rabbits
Beets can be prepared for future use. To do this, follow these steps:
- Harvest root crops.
- Fruits spread out under a canopy on a canvas or mesh.
- Go through the beets, remove the damaged areas.
- Place dried beets in storage in a cellar with an air temperature of at least 10-15 ° C.
In rabbits, who regularly eat this juicy root vegetable, the meat becomes very tasty, tender, soft and healthy.
To feed the rabbits, you can use watermelons and other berries, which are a valuable source of vitamins and trace elements. It should be borne in mind that:
- berries are given not as the main food, but as a top dressing;
- the pulp of berries can cause gas formation in the rabbits in the intestine;
- in the process of eating berries in rabbits, the muzzle gets wet, and later dust and dirt stick to the wet wool.
Berries are not the main feed, but feeding, which must be given 1-2 times a week.
Berries are perishable foods. Having fallen to the bottom of the cage, soft berries quickly rot and become covered with mold. If an animal finds such a berry and eats it, indigestion is provided for it.
Of the available berries can give rabbits raspberries, strawberries, watermelon, currants, gooseberries, wild rose, blueberries, sea buckthorn and very few grapes. In the cold season, rabbits are fed both dried and frozen berries.
Rabbits love berries, but when they eat, they strongly stain their faces with juice
Table of permitted berries for rabbits
Many breeders offer their pets not berries, but juicy leaves of berry bushes. Greens strawberries, currants, strawberries, raspberries, rabbits can be consumed in a raw and slightly dried form.
Every farmer knows that the quality of feeding plays an important role when breeding any animals. The quality of animals, their ability to resist diseases, as well as their productivity, depend on the quality, quantity and types of feed. And the rabbits in this matter are no exception. It is important to know what can be given to the rabbit as food, and in what quantities. And it is equally important to understand what kind of food can harm the animal. Because poisoning is no less dangerous than any infection.
Before deciding what exactly can be given to rabbits, it is necessary to disassemble into which main groups the components of their diet are divided. At the same time, it should be understood that one type of food cannot be avoided, no matter how useful it can be considered. You should always make a diet of several different components. And the farmer may have to periodically change the composition of the portions. This has to be done in cases where animals need certain vitamins that are only available in certain foods.
Do not forget about the seasonal change of diet for rabbit livestock. For example, rabbits can be given (and should be given) green and succulent feed. But in winter, fresh grass is not available, and it has to be replaced with high-quality silage. Therefore, it is still recommended to learn the ensiling, because it will not be possible to manage with hay alone. There are several options for both winter and summer feeding. But first it is worth considering all those types of feed that are commonly used for fattening crawls:
- Grass and other similar green fodder. One should never forget that wild rabbits are meadow animals. And for normal life they need meadow and field herbs, as well as tops of cultivated plants. For example, you can give the rabbits mouse peas, coltsfoot, hogweed, clover or plantain. Still, they should be fed alfalfa, wormwood or nettle, but in some cases.
- Juicy food – do not confuse it with green mass. This includes a number of root vegetables and vegetables. It is worth noting that, contrary to popular belief, white cabbage does not always benefit these animals. If they become ill from cabbage stalks, it is better to remove them from the diet. Of the root vegetables worth noting carrots, fodder beet and Jerusalem artichoke.
- Do not forget about roughage. They will not form the basis of the diet, but without them the crawls will not feel very good themselves. This type of food includes straw, hay harvested from tops of legumes or cereals, woody branches, leaves and needles. All this is necessary in order to grind the teeth of animals and ensure normal digestion.
- Compound feed and various grain. All this is sometimes called concentrated feed due to its high nutrient content. A large amount of such food will not benefit eared ears, but to speed up the fattening it should be used. It should be borne in mind that the use of such feed increases the cost of maintenance.
- Various food additives and waste from the table. Food waste should be used with caution, because if they began to rot or mold, they will become a dangerous poison. The same applies to ingestion of products unsuitable for rabbits. As for vitamins and minerals, they are given to animals as needed.
This is a general division that some farmers sometimes disagree with. For example, silage can be attributed to both green and succulent feed, depending on the composition and processing. Many more separately secrete vegetables with fruit as rabbit food, although the animals are usually given something that the site owner cannot use. Therefore, it can sometimes be considered another type of food waste. In any case, it is worth considering each of the groups, and decide what can be given out of it to the rabbits, and what cannot.
These feeds can not form the basis of the diet of animals, but they must necessarily enter it. Vegetables, fruits, roots and fruits of some wild plants are commonly used as such food. If we talk about root vegetables, the eared animals can be fattened with beets (beetroot is perfect for them), turnips, garlic, give them radish and carrots. But neither beetroot nor other root vegetables can match the Jerusalem artichoke. This root crop for rabbits as a kind of ambrosia. You just need to remember that this is an invasive plant.
Vegetables, these animals will like spinach, broccoli, corn cobs (you can give whole), zucchini and squash. It is also worth giving celery (both greens, and root crops), pea pods and tops, rhubarb garden, lettuce, phacelia and many other garden plants. Eared pets do not have the strongest health, but they are almost omnivorous in terms of cultivated plants. But still not worth giving them solanaceous crops. Potatoes can be boiled, and it is better not to use any such tops.
With fruits and berries, the situation is the same as with vegetables. You can give the animals currants, viburnum, sea buckthorn, blueberries, mountain ash, and other similar berries. And from the fruit is added to the food quince, cherry, apples, pears, plums and even peaches. Some aesthetes feed their pets nectarine, pineapple, persimmon, orange, as well as the peel of these fruits. But the fruits themselves, and orange and banana skins are not always useful for animals. And give them, like other fruits, better in very limited quantities.
Interestingly, eared rabbit inhabitants gladly eat acorns and chestnuts, both in fresh and in dried form. You can vary the diet with these fruits in the summer, or prepare them for use in winter. During winter harvesting, acorns and chestnuts should be dried, finely crushed and then compressed into briquettes. Or it can be stored in the form of flour in bags. In the first month of life, small baby rabbits should not be given such food. But adult animals can eat them in small portions every day.
The first to get involved in unusual and expensive food owners of ornamental animals. Then this same hobby was picked up by some farmers, having decided that such products improve the quality of meat and fur. But this, unfortunately, is not true. For example, you can give the animals pomegranate, kiwi, citrus fruits and their waste (tangerine peel), dates or raisins. This group also includes peanuts, dried fruits (many give dried apricots) and various nuts. Harm these products do not bear, but the benefits of them are not too much.
The main disadvantage of using such feeds is their high cost. Even raspberries or strawberries should not be fed to animals, as well as feed them with apricots or peaches. After all, all these fruits are not so cheap, and feeding them to animals is a waste. A number of livestock breeders claim that such feeding improves meat quality. But they will never increase its price, except for some rare cases. This is what experienced breeders, who have long been engaged in breeding these animals, write about this on the forums:
“Some newbies seriously ask if you can feed citrus fruits, various fruits and berries from the vegetable garden to the rabbits. Or maybe they should be fed dried fruits (dried apricots or prunes) and nuts. And they motivate it by the fact that because of this diet, the quality of meat improves. Alas, this is a very controversial issue, even if it concerns adult healthy animals. And if it is given to a pregnant rabbit, or gets into the feed of rabbits, it can cause considerable harm. Therefore, raisins, peanuts or pineapples should be left to people. ”
Unlike fruits and berries, roughage must necessarily be included in portions prepared for eared fish. They can not form the basis of a diet, but without them, animals will feel much worse. Rough, hard feeds are good for digestion, allow you to grind down your teeth, and, in principle, are needed for rabbits. But their excess can also do harm, and this should be explained to inexperienced owners and children. First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to certain species of trees that will be enjoyed by eared pets:
- Coniferous trees. Pine and Christmas tree should be pruned in winter, when animals do not have enough green food, in particular, various fresh herbs. But you should not constantly feed them with pine needles and pine twigs. Periodic feeding provides additional disease resistance. But if you constantly give spruce, it is already capable of harming pets.
- Willow. If you constantly feed animals with willow, then they can become bad from it. But if you periodically give branches from these trees, then they will help to cope with various diseases of the digestive tract. But willow should be used with some caution.
- Birch tree. Birch is given when additional cleansing of the body is required. The branches of these trees have a diuretic effect, so you should not overfeed animals with them.
- Branches of a row of fruit trees. Without fear you can give out to the rabbits garden rowan, raspberry branches, currants (you can feed them with other similar bushes), an apple tree or grapes. All that remains after the periodic pruning of trees is worth feeding to the inhabitants of the rabbitks.
- The branches of forest trees. You can feed your pet maple branches, acacia, poplar or mulberry. In the case of diarrhea, oak branches can be added to food (they fasten and prevent diarrhea). But, as in the case of other deciduous or coniferous species, it is better to give all this in limited quantities.
Harvest feed includes harvested hay and straw. It is recommended to harvest hay from pea or bean tops, alfalfa or clover. They should not be moldy, and poisonous or inedible plants should not fall into it. Usually hay is used for feeding in winter, although sometimes animals feed them in summer. But no matter how much hay is harvested, it, like the branches, cannot form the basis of the diet. For this purpose, better suited green and concentrated feed.
There are many different croup that are allowed to feed eared pets. These include buckwheat, millet, pearl barley, rice, oatmeal and other similar products from the table. Cereals of rabbits should be fed in crushed form, and you can make porridge (the so-called mash). Kashi fit both small, growing animals, and adult livestock. For example, it goes very well in cooked oat-flakes or pasta. But undercooked food, or whole, not ground cereal crops, is by no means the case.
If we talk about grain, then many farmers are interested in the question whether sunflower seeds are possible for rabbits. In principle, it is the seeds that are rich in essential oils that can be given to animals not in crushed form. But hemp or hops (cones, stalks or leaf feed) is better not to use. They should not be given either to the little or to the big rabbit. But wheat, rape or millet is quite suitable as feed. But only in crushed form. Although millet adult animals consume and in whole form.
Of the grain is suitable not only wheat. You can feed with barley, make portions based on oats and a number of other cereals. But sorghum is better not to use for feeding – often the animals have problems with the intestines from such food. In principle, oats-based feeds are suitable for animals of any age. Swaged (not crushed) grain, boiled oatmeal or rolled oats are perfectly digested by eared pets. But you can not give it in fried form, or with sugar – rabbits react badly to sweets, as well as to fried foods.
Concentrated and combined feed are often the basis for the diet of rabbits. But here the dosage and composition of the mixture is always important. It is very important to know what is and what is not in the composition of the feed, since the list of components is always available on the manufacturers website. And you need to understand that what can be eaten by rabbits also depends on their age. One feed is intended for rabbits who have not even turned a month, and the other mixture is given to adult animals. And they can not be confused with each other, otherwise there will be problems with the health of animals.
Although it is possible to give instead of some feeds manually prepared mixtures with a similar composition. But you should always make sure that in addition to dry food formulations there is clean water. And there should be a lot of water, because there is no such animal that could manage without it. The condition of the drinkers should be monitored with special attention to prevent clogging of the drink. And do not add salt to water, as it is sometimes recommended. Such an additive can cause considerable harm to the animal, if it is ill-conceived to use it.
And if we are already talking about mineral supplements, then it is necessary to mention that the rabbits need calcium, sodium and chlorine. But there is no need to give them chalk, table salt, or put lizunets in the rabbit. It is worth looking at the list of products containing these minerals. In particular, this list includes bone meal, wheat bran and a number of other products. For example, for these purposes they often give soybeans (pulp, meal, tops and fruits), or to the bean of other legumes. But the cottage cheese or cow’s milk they can not be given. Rabbits can only mother’s milk.
Some products from the table can be given to rabbits, provided that they do not start to rot, or become covered with mold. For example, you can feed them pieces of stale bread. But it is better to make bread crumbs, and give it already in this form. This also includes bread crusts, salad and peel of fruits and vegetables. But for the breadcrumbs need extra water. It is necessary to water the rabbits constantly, because the more they eat, the more they will need to drink. By the way, some owners prefer to add iodine and vitamins to water.
Of those products that cannot be crawled, it is worth mentioning mushrooms. Even some species that are harmless to humans can cause rabbits poisoning. And then you have to get the activated carbon from the first-aid kit, if it is there of course. Do not feed the rabbits and paper (and do not say that you can sharpen your teeth about it), chocolate, chicken eggs and avian fish oil. Domestic rabbits, they just do not like. Very often, those products that are designed for people can not be eared pets.
This list includes various meadow grasses, tops of cultivated plants and the grass that is grown specifically for animals. It is green fodder that is often the basis of the diet of domestic rabbits, and is used both in summer and in winter. But in the winter they are usually replaced with silage. Silo is chopped, pressed and treated with preservative substances (for example, salt) green mass. The herbs themselves are divided into three main groups, according to the effects and areas of application:
- Edible herbs. This list includes the grass, which is the most difficult to harm the animal – except that he will move it. These include purslane, clover, oregano, arugula, St. John’s wort, Ivan tea, chicory and woodlouse. They also enjoy eating schiritsu, plantain, herding bag, yarrow, chamomile, knotweed and white clover. Finally, they calmly consume field horsetail, sow thistle, colza, reed, sedge and rhubarb. But all these herbs are best given as a mixture.
- Conditionally edible and medicinal plants. The motherwort, reed and sedge are sometimes added to this list. You should also bring loboda, marigolds, sleep, tansy (wild mountain ash), dahlias and wormwood. Most of these plants are best to remove flowers, arrows and roots. And to improve the quality of meat before slaughter they give mint, basil, celery, fed with sage. All this rabbits can be eaten, but in small quantities.
- Inedible and poisonous plants. These grasses and shrubs should not be given to rabbits, under any circumstances. After all, even a single stalk can cause poisoning or disorder of the body. These include tulips (in particular, their bulbs), wild garlic, calendula, mustard, all buttercup and cornflowers. The common cocktail is also harmful and the yellow man is yellow. It is not necessary to feed celandine or fern. And from the bushes is not recommended lilac, and you should not give roses (in particular, their red flower).
It often happens that the same type of plant can be both harmful and useful. It’s all about the dosage and method of processing. Another thing to take into account is the fact that any grass growing along the roads will be harmful to rabbits. Separately, it is worth mentioning the snow – do not melt it, and pour out rabbits with melt water. Such a drink, contrary to popular belief, does not have any benefit. It is necessary to disassemble some plants in more detail, in terms of their benefits or harm to the health of rabbits.
Bitter wormwood can cleanse the body of animals. In particular, it helps against various parasites that live in the digestive tract. This plant also stimulates the appetite, which is useful in accelerated fattening for meat. But is it possible for rabbits another wormwood, of a different kind? In principle, these animals can be given more wormwood, they are also able to digest it. All other varieties should be ignored, due to the risk of poisoning. And here you have to clean the stomachs of animals with potassium permanganate and activated carbon.
But even useful species of this plant should be used with great care. Here you can compare with the already mentioned pine, which benefits the rabbits, but in limited quantities. Excess wormwood does not cause constipation or diarrhea. Instead, it acts on rabbits as a causative agent of nervous activity. During the rut, it can cause unpleasant consequences.
These plants are considered to be one of the main grasses recommended for fattening rabbit livestock. These include lupine (not alkaloid), clover and alfalfa. But these herbs alone should not be fed by eared pets. First, you should not give them in large quantities to young animals, as rabbits are not immediately able to digest, for example, lupine. Secondly, it is necessary to mow these plants in time, when they have not yet had time to become tough and tasteless for rabbits. Grass should be as soft and juicy as possible.
This should also be done because the crabs are not recommended ripe fruit of clover or alfalfa. Finally, when harvesting for the winter, these plants are used as feed only in the form of hay or silage. Although some farmers prefer to use these herbs exclusively in the summer. It is worth remembering that both clover and alfalfa are rich in nutrients, and their excess can cause intestinal problems and bloating.
The list of plants causing malaise in rabbits is very long and extensive. But most of the herbs that come in here belong to swampy and moisture-loving varieties. In particular, it is not necessary to feed the rabbits with celandine, euphorbia or ordinary buttercups. There are a number of exceptions, but it is better to use meadow plants as food, such as dandelions and chamomile. They are perfect as one of the parts of the diet eared pets. A fleshy marsh plants better to get round.
By drawing up the food supply for rabbits should be approached very carefully. Do not feed them one type of food. It is desirable that the composition of the portions included green fodder, and coarse food, and a certain number of concentrates. And all this should be served not in a damaged form. Only then will animals quickly fatten and gain weight. And, of course, will remain healthy.
The health and fecundity of rabbits, like any animals, depends not only on the proper creation of living conditions, but also on a well-thought out diet. Experienced breeders know that not all the recommendations voiced by professors are applicable to one or another eared family. Therefore, it is necessary not only to follow the advice received, but also to monitor the state of the population. So, for example, if one rabbit eats a green salad with pleasure, the other can get a little food poisoning. Then the question arises: "Is it possible to eat a salad for rabbits?"
How to choose the right food, rich in minerals and unable to harm the delicate eared body? You will find the answer to this question in the presented review.
To properly formulate a diet that is useful to rabbits, you need to pay attention to the composition of food consumed or in their natural environment. Among these:
It is important to know that the hare’s digestive tract is specific: the intestine is not able to independently promote the digested mass, therefore, in order to live a full life, the eared one must constantly chew. Therefore, if there is no feed, gastrointestinal stasis may develop, causing bloating and even death.
A small member of the hare family needs a balanced diet, so it is important to properly formulate their diet. One of the key ingredients is grass. Without it, the digestive system may fail. Treat rabbit’s favorite delicacies:
Having become acquainted with this list, do not rush to destroy all the weeds from the farm. Perhaps among them you will find treats rich in antioxidants that increase resistance to various diseases for the whole population.
Feeding individuals can additionally offer rhubarb, dill (improve the quality and quantity of milk given to the offspring). Parsley is given at the time of separation of the baby rabbit from the mother, as it affects the milk supply (stops its formation).
Important: for one day, rabbit eats about a kilogram of different vegetation.
Rabbits can eat a green salad, or rather even need. Why? Because it is an indispensable supplier of folic acid, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, etc. However, it is very important not to overdo it with its quantity, because a small amount of alkaloids can provoke poisoning when overeating a green product.
However, be careful with the following plants:
- wild mustard;
- buttercup poisonous, caustic;
- radish wild;
Celandine, horsetail and loboda are given in minimal quantities. It is necessary to monitor the way the rabbit eats such food and the response of the body. If something went wrong, then urgently have to remove the food provided from the trough, add delicacies with vitamins and water.
The plants listed in the list can cause serious poisoning and even kill eared ones (it’s all about the large number of alkaloids contained in these plants). It is important that the grass offered to rabbits and rabbits be slightly dried or dried in aerated areas (do not allow the rotting of products prepared for long-eared food). In it, unlike vegetation with dew, there will definitely not be a random poison.
It is necessary to give the rabbit plants no earlier than after they reach the age of two months. In this case, the introduction of a new product should resemble the first feeding of the child (slowly add, in small portions, first green). This adult can even eat the bark of trees, but the offspring must be protected from hard food, so as not to injure the gastrointestinal tract.
To the fresh feed also include the tops of the roots. When offering such food to rabbits, you must be sure of the absence of the effect of chemicals on the tops, so as not to lose livestock and provide your pets with water in large quantities. Therefore, the answer to the question: “Is it possible to give the rabbits tops?” Is positive, but not from tomatoes.
Is it possible to give hay to rabbits? Of course, because it is one of the components of a rich diet. Which grass is better to use for harvesting? Here is a suggested list:
- you can leave mouse polka dots and chamomile, etc.
Hay is a fiber source that is so necessary for rabbits to be properly harvested. To begin with, you will have to mow the grass in a convenient way for you, then dry it in the sun, collect it in dust and remove it under the shed. If there is no place to store, then a film is applied to the top of the shock, which is able to protect the workpiece from excess moisture and snow.
These components naturally include:
- Jerusalem artichoke;
- pears (seedless);
- apples (seedless);
As for the potato, it is better to serve it boiled, it is impossible – green. The young root vegetable contains a large amount of starch, which, when sedentary eared, turns into fat. Experienced farmers know what obesity is and what it causes, and what about you?
With an increase in body weight is not only an increase in the load on the skeleton, but also malfunction of the cardiovascular system. Plus to all is a decrease in personal hygiene (the rabbit cannot reach certain places on the body), which causes skin lesions and the death of the long-eared (feces remains are not removed from the anus area and serve as an excellent environment for pathogenic microorganisms and fly larvae).
Can rabbits have watermelon peels? It is possible, only if they are cleared of seeds and do not have putrefactive areas.
Rabbits can be given and beets, but in small quantities. As for the beet, there are three types of it: sugar, fodder and table. Here are the first 2 species are great for rabbits, as they are rich in fiber. The only thing worth noting – do not exceed the norm (1-2 root crops per day). Why? Yes, if only because it contains a large amount of sugar, and he, as you know, is a “white death”.
As for beetroot, its use as food for rabbits is impossible. There are many cases of the death of huge livestock due to falling on the table of this root. Be careful when choosing food long.
If you want to pamper pets with cabbage, then be sure to remove the stump in advance, because this is a place of accumulation of toxic substances that can poison even the human body.
Novice farmers and breeders are encouraged to use industrial feed, as they are already balanced and contain all the necessary components:
- cake (makuhu for lactating individuals, therefore, the rest of the population is impossible);
- grain (wheat, oats, rye);
- hay or straw;
- vitamins and trace elements.
Important: when choosing a feed, see the marks on the category of animals. For example, for young animals, mixed feed is made more fortified (in some areas iodine is additionally given to animals).
It is no secret that manufacturers do not always conscientiously control the quality of the components of the feed, so experienced breeders try to produce such food on their own. To do this, it is enough to prepare a special container, a kneader for building mixtures and a granulator, and, of course, to select the necessary components for the feed itself.
Most often, to create it, use well-known cereals, from which porridge is brewed (wheat germ, oats, barley, etc.) and water. At the request of the farmer, a delicacy or a plant with a pleasant smell may be included in the composition (exclude the peas and bean husks so as not to harm the pets). To please eared, you can add mountain ash, maple, mulberry (their branches) to the feed. Long-eared with pleasure eats such a gift.
As you already understood, it is important to make the feed useful and fresh, using nutrients, namely:
- Vitamin A is needed to maintain the vision and function of reproduction. If you notice a cessation of growth and a disturbance in the work of the nervous system, it is desirable to increase the concentration of the element in question.
- Vitamin E contributes to the strengthening and growth of the hare muscles. If it is not in food, then problems with the urinary-genital system and the liver are possible.
- Vitamin D reduces susceptibility to rickets and other problems of the musculoskeletal system.
- Biotin helps strengthen the protective functions of the skin.
- Vitamin PP helps prevent digestive problems.
In addition to all this, salt should be present in the feed (give up to 1 gram of rabbit and up to one and a half to adult individuals). Many farmers use salt lizunets (a special mineral complex that is sold in veterinary clinics). Which way to choose? To decide only you.
Feeding livestock should be clear (at certain times). This helps to improve digestion, because, like in humans, the glands begin to produce a secret at a certain time. This does not allow food to stay longer in the gastrointestinal tract. It is not necessary to remind how the retention of feces in the body has a negative effect.
However, you can not overfeed rabbits. It is not difficult to guess that this can lead to obesity, the development of various diseases and even the death of an animal.
Feeding pregnant females should be more fortified, therefore, such individuals are better transplanted in separate enclosures. After the appearance of offspring, it is desirable to add rhubarb and dill to feed.
Can rabbits be given rough food? Yes, but not all. The bark (birch, maple, cherry, acacia) is allowed, because in the wild, especially in the cold season, trees are the salvation for eared ones. You can not: cherry, plum, peach and cherry.
Do not forget to include in the diet, in addition to grain (rye, barley, millet) and other delicacies (plantain, Ivan-tea, sweet clover, clover, cucumbers, carrots, onions, schiritsu and other plants).
Oddly enough, but the answer to the question: “Is it possible to give the shepherd a bag of rabbits?” Is positive. It is worth noting that the long-eared love this product, although some are distracted by its sharp smell. The same can be said about the onion (it is impossible not to use a bulb) – it eats its population in order to strengthen its immunity.
Winter rape is given to rabbits only until seeds appear. Later this product becomes dangerous for the health of fluffy.
Can rabbits have an egg? There is a lot of protein in the egg, that is why there is no point in denying your pet such a useful component. Plus the yolk of God with amino acids and fats. So feel free to give the rabbits such a product, but no more than a couple of times a week.
It is important to always keep a full drinker with clean water (it is better to make a small one), and place food only in a clean feeder. Here, perhaps, and all the basic tips on nutrition. Although…. Pay attention to the list of prohibited foods for rabbits.
If you do not want to destroy your livestock, then carefully review the presented list and exclude these ingredients from the diet of pets:
- Nutmegs (walnuts are allowed in small quantities).
- Fruits of peas, lupins and beans (their husks can damage the digestive tract).
- Sunflower seeds.
- Datura, sage, euphorbia, celandine – harmful plants.
- Foods with lots of sugars.
- Cows and any other milk, like all dairy products, is not perceived by the body and can lead to the death of the animal.
- Rabbit tomatoes cannot be from tomato (the corned beef in it is poison for eared animals).
- Willow, tansy, woodlouse or lilac with remnants of dew or raindrops.
- Dried, fried vegetables and fruits (baked pears, plum jam, dried fruits, etc.).
- Red cabbage and cabbage stalk.
- The rabbit eats raspberries, strawberries, bananas, but these are soft foods that can quickly deteriorate and cause an upset gastrointestinal tract.
With care, rabbits are given crackers and bread. The thing is that this is a perishable product that can harm the eared digestive system (if the individual is eating food directly from the floor or the ground).
Now you are familiar with the lists of products that farmers give to their pets in order to maintain their fertility and not to spend money on the treatment of diseases caused by the lack of micro and macro elements. Plus, you got a list of forbidden herbs, root crops and foods. Remember it or keep it close at hand, so as not to lose your pets, because food is one of the factors affecting the quality and quantity of hare.