To reduce the mortality of krols, you need to properly organize their food. It is important to ensure that the diet is balanced, and the animal receives all the necessary vitamins and minerals. Some products are not recommended for feeding fluffy rodents. In order not to harm the pet, you need to know what can be given to the rabbit and what cannot.
What products can give rabbit
Basics of diet
The diet of rabbits consists of green, juicy, coarse, concentrated feed and food waste. In each category there are prohibited and permitted products. There are also foods that can be consumed in limited quantities.
All feeds are given in different proportions. The largest share of green fodder. Of these, rabbits receive vitamins and most of the minerals that are needed for the normal functioning of the body. Grass, legumes and cereals, soybeans and wild herbs fall into the category of green fodder. The most useful cereal crops are corn cobs.
In winter, green fodder is replaced by coarse and concentrated.
Juicy food fill the body of rabbits with microelements, protein and fiber. They also contain vitamins. Vegetables and fruits fall into this category.
Rough – fill the body with fiber and protein. Straw, grass meal, hay, woody branches fall into this category.
Concentrated – rich in protein and trace elements. This category includes: bran, oilcake, seeds of legumes and cereals, various feed.
Food waste includes leftovers from the table. This may be the peel of vegetables or fruits, flour products, cereals, etc. Giving cleaning should be done carefully so as not to provoke violations of the digestive system.
Green fodder is grass. It is advisable to give pets a young grass, in which the highest concentration of juices. In addition, the young grass is easier to digest.
Not all herbs are suitable for feeding pets. Some plant species not only cause gastrointestinal disorders, but also cause the death of livestock.
From meadow grasses, rabbits can be given alfalfa, oregano, shepherd’s purse, schiritsu, vetch, wood lice, phacelia, colza and lupine. Fluffy animals love chamomile and sow thistle. Useful for rabbits Ivan tea, mouse peas, wild chicory, basil, spinach, yarrow, knotweed and leek. Recommend to include in the diet slyt.
A rabbit needs a balanced diet, so the grass is an important component of their diet. The favorite treats of rabbits are: dandelion, plantain, burdock, sow thistle.
These herbs not only do not harm the body of animals, but also they will fall to their taste.
Chamomile is added to the diet in limited quantities. A large amount of alfalfa, rich in protein, give pregnant and lactating animals. Also are harmless to rabbits are clover, tansy, veres, quinoa and sorrel. However, they do not always like fluffy rodents. Lure fluffy pets and sage.
To the green feed and include the tops of vegetable crops. Rabbits are given beetroot and carrot tops, peeled pods of beans and pea skins and plant leaves peeled from ripened beans. Grape leaves and sunflower leaves are also useful for rodents. Cut off the leaves of the sunflower, before the plant begins to bloom. Include in the diet portulaca garden, rapeseed and hops.
For some reason, certain types of green fodder can only be given in limited quantities. Wild clover comes to taste in rabbits. However, this herb can adversely affect fertility, so its amount is limited. It is not recommended to feed them animals of any age more than once every 3 days. Too often, it is not recommended to lure fluffy rodents and potato tops or radish leaves.
The sequence, Siberian hogweed, plantain, amaranth and coltsfoot include in the diet in limited quantities. These herbs are therapeutic. They are used to strengthen the immune system. Include in the diet of their early spring, when the body of rabbits the most vulnerable. Also include in the diet nettle. However, if the plantain and other herbs do not need to be treated, then nettle is doused with boiling water. Use young plants.
Useful for rabbits leaf salad. It is rich in vitamins and minerals. However, it is necessary to give the salad in limited quantities.
If mint is added to the ration, then the crawl meat after slaughter will taste better.
Rabbits are strictly forbidden to give herbs that contain poison. Exclude from the diet, even those plants in which the concentration of toxic substances is minimal.
Celandine, horsetail and loboda can be given in minimal amounts, since these plants can cause serious poisoning and even kill eared
The list includes hemlock, marsh calla, quinoa, poisonous milestone, sedge, euphorbia, common cocklebur and backflowing meadow, yellow scab, motherwort, field horsetail, tutsan, ambrosia, a wild variety of mustard and a puppet.
You can not feed your pets with digitalis, autumn crocus, any varieties of Datura and horned cornflowers, as well as herbs from the ranunculus family.
Most of the herbs listed above remain dangerous to pets even after they are completely dried.
It is strictly forbidden to feed the rabbits with celandine, fern and wormwood. Celandine is not fed even for medicinal purposes.
It is not recommended to give hemp, wild garlic and calendula when feeding.
To avoid trouble, you should familiarize yourself with the appearance of each variety. Also, do not collect unfamiliar plants.
It is not recommended to pamper pets with flowers, ornamental plants or lawn grass.
In small quantities, marigolds and dahlias can be added to the diet.
Rabbits themselves are well versed in the types of grass. Often from poisonous plants, they refuse.
Features of harvesting green fodder
It is important when collecting green fodder to properly prepare them for consumption.
- Wet or wet vegetation is not suitable. The grass collected from the morning or after the rain is thoroughly dried to lose the activity of toxic substances that may be contained in it. It should be left for 40-60 minutes, it should start to wilt a little, and only then it can be given.
- Gather grass without the use of metal tools (scissors, knife, etc.). When green fodder comes into contact with a metal surface, metal oxidation occurs. If necessary, prepare a large number of green fodder preference should be given to the sickle or spit. It is advisable not to use the lawn mower.
- When harvesting green fodder it is important to choose the right place for collection. Lawns are not suitable near the motorways, for walking dogs or where there is excrement of small rodents.
It is best to grow herbs in the garden. Clover, alfalfa, vetch and many other herbs grow well in all climates.
Juicy feeds include vegetable and fruit crops. Each category has a number of products that can not feed pets and a number of approved products.
The most useful are potatoes, carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage, Jerusalem artichoke and beets.
Without fear, you can give the rabbit potatoes. This vegetable is rich in starch and easily absorbed by the body. It is advisable to give it boiled. At the same time, the water in which it is boiled is drained.
Potatoes are best given in boiled form. A young root vegetable contains a large amount of starch, which, when sedentary eared, turns into fat
You can pamper pets and fresh potatoes. However, it must be given in a limited quantity, after having been washed out. In the spring, potato tubers are sorted. Rotten specimens are thrown away, the rest are cleared of sprouts that have appeared.
Carrot is a favorite delicacy of fluffy animals. It is rich in vitamins, essential oils, fatty acids and some trace elements. Give it raw.
There are no restrictions on the number of root vegetables. You can feed carrots whole animals, and you can pre-chop.
Squashes and pumpkins
It should be included in the diet zucchini. They can not boast of nutritional value or the presence of a large number of trace elements, but they contain a lot of moisture.
Zucchini is a perishable product, because of which it does not make sense to harvest it for the winter. Vegetable is not harmful to rabbits, even in the immature form. Heat treatment is not subjected to. The same applies to the pumpkin, which is similar in composition to the zucchini.
Cabbage is rich in trace elements and vitamins. She is fed in unlimited quantities. For rabbits, it is a delicacy. In the diet include both feed and the usual variety. Also suitable for feeding rabbits kohlrabi and broccoli.
One of the most valuable vegetables is Jerusalem artichoke. It is rich in nutrients and is stored for a long time, which allows it to be harvested for the winter.
In its composition there are substances that prevent the occurrence and development of gastrointestinal diseases. You can not dig in the fall.
It is resistant to low temperatures. Dig up roots as needed. Heat treatment is not subjected to.
Feed and sugar beets are recommended to include in the diet of adult rabbits in limited quantities.
Both that, and other version are well acquired. When feeding beetroot (burakom) the rabbits receive vitamins, pectin, iron and other essential trace elements.
Table beets are not suitable for feeding animals. It is saturated with organic acids and fiber. Acids have a negative effect on the stomach and intestines. Often, feeding with beetroot leads to the death of pets.
Also in the diet include celery, arugula, rhubarb, squash and green peas. Red or yellow bell pepper can be eaten in limited quantities. A radish is not recommended. You can not feed them with garlic and tsibule. Do not add to the food and arrows of garlic.
Fruits and berries
In the diet of rabbits include apples, pineapples, bananas, pomegranates, grapes, pears, figs and kiwi. All fruits are best given in limited quantities. They often cause bloating. In addition, bananas are too high in calories. When abused, animals quickly become fat. Do not give pets persimmon, nectarine, orange and quince.
From berries: grapes, dry viburnum, blackberry, cranberry, strawberry, gooseberry, any varieties of currants and wild rose. If possible, give blueberries, melons, watermelon, blueberries, sea buckthorn and raspberries. Citrus fruits are not prohibited.
In the diet they are added in limited quantities. You can not abuse the grapes. He, like bananas, is very high in calories.
Blueberries can cause diarrhea. Raspberries are given with loss of appetite, and its leaves are useful for pregnant and lactating animals. Many fruits and vegetables are contraindicated in animals that have parasites in their bodies.
All fruits and vegetables are pre-cleaned from the skin, seeds and seeds, cut into small pieces. One meal should not include more than one kind of fruit or vegetables. Mixes can cause problems in the digestive tract.
All fruits and vegetables, with the exception of apples, give no more than two times a week. Orange and tangerine peel is better not to give. If citrus fruits were treated with chemicals, then their greatest concentration is in the crusts.
From food waste to the diet include banana peel, dried bread rinds or crackers, peeling potatoes and kaputs, leftover permitted vegetables, pumpkin and watermelon rinds, noodles and pasta.
Waste is an essential part of the rabbit menu. In the composition of the wet mash, they emit the remnants of porridge, potatoes, pasta, on wet not very fat soups make wet mash
Low-fat soups are used to prepare various mash.
The permissible amount of food waste in the daily ration of a crawl is 200 g.
Also in the diet include acorns and chestnuts, viticulture and grain waste. Pre acorns peeled. You can grind them, and you can give whole.
We should also make a reservation about cereals. Rabbits useful hercules and buckwheat. Groats can be pre-steamed, and can be poured into the feeders in raw form.
Oatmeal steamed for 3-4 minutes. With longer heat treatment, they lose most of the nutrients. Barley porridge will suit instead.
Polished rice in any form is contraindicated, and unpolished equivalent is allowed in limited quantities. Groats should be heat treated. Rice has astringent properties that can be used as a remedy for diarrhea. Harmful to rabbits millet, sorghum and millet.
Food waste, which has already begun to deteriorate or become covered with mold, cannot be fed to rabbits.
Hay for roughage feed forms the basis of the diet in winter. It is better to use stalky hay, harvested from clover, alfalfa and wiki. Gather it before flowering or immediately after flowering plants.
Also suitable for feeding hay from legumes. It is rich in amino acids that the body of growing rabbits needs. Straw contains a small amount of nutrients. It is added in small quantities. It is best to use straw harvested from peas and lentils.
In large quantities in the winter in the diet include tree branches, which also belong to the rough feed. It is best to use the branches of mountain ash, aspen, maple, willow or acacia. Poplar is useful.
Rowan, willow, needles, fir-tree, pine, juniper, cones are fed strictly in limited quantities. This branch feed contains an excessive amount of essential oils.
Pine and other coniferous branches do not give more than once every 2-3 days.
Branches of oak and alder are given in the case of pet diarrhea.
Birch is given in limited quantities due to the fact that it produces a diuretic effect on the body.
Exclude: cherry, apricot, plum, pear, peach and cherry, lilac, roses, tulips (both twigs and flowers).
They feed their pets not only with branches from trees, but also from small shrubs that belong to garden crops. The most suitable are raspberries and currants. In winter, give dry reeds.
Concentrated feeds are seeds of cereals, legumes and cereals, silage.
The most suitable are oats, barley, corn and wheat bran.
Barley dosage depends on the age of rabbits. Instead, you can give oats. Great benefit sprouted oats.
Wheat must be included in the diet. It can be given in any form. Sprouted grains are especially useful. Another wheat included in the feed.
Silage contains a huge amount of microelements and vitamins. It is made from melon crops, maize, grass plants, sunflower stalks and cabbage. Silo is easy to prepare at home. To do this, the ingredients are crushed and placed in a container. After the juice appears in the container, it is tightly closed with plastic wrap. If possible, make hermetic packaging. After a month, the silo is ready for use.
Instead of legumes, if the pet refuses them, you can add eggs.
Mineral feed and dairy products
Meat and bone, fish, blood and bone meal, table salt fall into this category.
Rabbit seeds can be pumpkin or sunflower (not fried). Feed them in limited quantities.
The group of dairy feeds include all dairy products, as well as eggs. Dairy products improve feed digestibility.
From dried fruits can be in small doses raisins, dates, dried apricots. But mushrooms and all sweet, including dark chocolate, is not recommended.
Cottage cheese and other dairy products are prohibited. The only exception is milk (cow is prohibited). If the rabbit itself feeds the offspring, the milk is not introduced into the diet.
Do not add to the diet and nuts. Peanuts, hazelnuts, nutmegs are strictly forbidden to be fed to domestic rabbits. They contain toxic substances for them.
In addition to food, rabbits love to chew on paper. Do not let them.
Features of the diet of baby rabbits
Not all products that can be given to rabbits are suitable for feeding baby rabbits. The first time is enough mother’s milk. Rabbits also provide protein food.
After the rabbit is one month old, they begin to lure them with grated carrots, good hay or hay flour and mixed fodder. Also at this time they begin to drink water. The drinker is systematically cleaned and the water replaced with fresh.
With a good development of animals to lure them begin as early as 20 days. Also at this age begin to enter into the diet of vegetables and fruits. Preference is given to apples, cabbage and potatoes. One product is administered over several days in small portions.
Lupine is useful for baby rabbits. Choose a non-alkaloid plant variety.
Do not give the rabbit citrus and berries, beet pulp and silage.
Little rabbits do not feed barley. However, during this period, it is not worth introducing coarse feed at all.
Salt is added in small quantities. As they grow older animals increase the dose of salt. At the age of 2 months, rabbits are transferred to a diet intended for adult animals.
If the rabbit has no milk, then feed the offspring in an artificial way. Use better goat milk.