A significant part of the rabbit diet at their breeding are, as a rule, green fodder. This food is very helpful for furry pets. Although not all plants are equally useful and suitable for a rabbit diet. Among them are present and such that they can cause irreparable harm to domestic animals. Therefore, when breeding eared, it is necessary to know which grass to feed the rabbits and to be able to understand grass food in order to exclude the possibility of negative consequences for their pets.
Useful properties of herbs
Herbs appear in early spring, and disappear in late autumn with the first frosts. The benefits of green fodder are quite large:
- They are well digested and quickly absorbed by rabbit stomachs.
- Fiber, which is contained in the green (especially mowed at a later date), has a beneficial effect on the digestive system of domestic herbivores.
- There is a stimulation of the growth of animals.
- Fresh grass is a source of vitamins and nutritional components for rabbits.
- The quality of their wool increases.
Although in the rabbit diet, in addition to the grass mass, you need to include other types of feed, otherwise in large quantities it can harm animals. The diet should be balanced and herbs combined with other foods.
The fact is that in a fresh green mass a lot of water, which is not needed in large quantities. And dry feed additives absorb excess fluid, which contributes to a better digestive process.
Plants that feed the rabbits must be alternated, since they contain various beneficial substances and in different quantities depending on the type of grass. Therefore, when drafting a rabbit ration, these factors must be taken into account and we must strive to diversify the “green menu” as much as possible.
Benefits of Herbal Supplements
Using fresh herbal feed, rabbit breeders should understand their benefits, and they are quite obvious:
- The minimum amount of time and money is spent on harvesting herbs.
- Savings on the acquisition of dry food and grain crops due to the use of green mass.
- In the stems and leaves of leguminous plants are many amino acids and proteins. And they contribute to the rapid growth and collection of live weight of animals.
- Rabbits sharpen their teeth by eating grass stalks.
- Many types of herbs are a kind of green pharmacy, helping eared pets in the treatment of inflammatory processes and disorders of the digestive tract.
Balanced rabbit food
The main task of the rabbit breeder is to obtain healthy and strong offspring, so it is necessary to know whether or not their pets can eat this or that plant. To do this, we will analyze their various types, and first of all what grass can feed the rabbits.
What kind of grass can rabbits. Useful herbs
Experts recommend feeding her young and lactating females. Rabbits grow faster, and rabbits, this grass is needed to increase lactation. Contains many amino acids and protein.
Contains a large amount of protein.
Very useful plant that contains proteins and vitamins.
In large quantities is not recommended, while causing nervous excitement, and sometimes aggression. If you give about two hundred grams per day – it helps to cope with indigestion and get rid of worms.
Improves digestion and has certain healing properties. You can give in May.
It has diuretic properties. Food provides clean rhizomes, which can also be stored in glass jars for three years.
Contains a lot of vitamins and helps to improve digestion. Before feeding you need to scald with boiling water so as not to burn. It is best to do the nettle harvesting for the winter.
It is very useful for females, enhancing milk production during the lactation period. For food, only leaves should be given.
It contains a fair amount of protein and is a favorite treat for rabbits. This feed increases the appetite of animals, but in its diet should not exceed 30 percent.
Burdock, yarrow, willow-tea, tansy are also useful and suitable for feeding.
Other plants for feeding
Rabbits can also be fed bark, shoots and foliage from trees. For example:
- The bark and leaves of linden, birch, aspen, willow, acacia.
- Shoots of elm, oak, hazel and alder.
- Branches and leaves of fruit trees, except apricot, as well as Labrador tea, elderberry and bird cherry.
The daily rate of feeding shoots and bark should not exceed 200 grams. Root crops and weeds from the vegetable garden are quite suitable for rabbit feeding.
What grass should not be given to rabbits. Dangerous herbs
Eating certain herbs in a rabbit diet can be detrimental to your pets if you don’t know which ones are dangerous or poisonous. Here is a list of plants to avoid:
Cause vomiting, diarrhea, disrupt the stomach. When poisoning occurs abdominal distension.
Mac and Jasmine
Cause various ailments.
In animals, it causes vomiting.
Very dangerous grass for rabbits. Causes seizures, paralysis, heart failure, diarrhea and intestinal upset.
Causes vomiting and diarrhea, and with great use – paralysis.
It can cause not only paralysis, but also spasms of the heart muscle.
May cause respiratory paralysis and seizures.
A poisonous plant that causes convulsions and even complete paralysis.
Makes animals lethargic, weakening the body, and reducing their appetite.
Causes bloating and excessive saliva.
Causes vomiting and colic.
Promotes inflammation of the intestinal mucosa.
After use, arrhythmia, shortness of breath or convulsions appear.
You can add to this list:
These plants, when fermented, soaked, and also wilt, convert the glycoside, which they contain in hydrocyanic acid.
Basic feeding rules
Under certain conditions, even healthy herbs can easily become harmful. And so that this does not happen and the grass food has gone to your wards for the benefit, and not to the detriment, it is necessary to properly harvest and feed it to the little animals. These rules apply to almost all varieties of herbs, and here are the feeding guidelines:
- Only young grass is given for food, because there is more protein in it than fiber. And if the rabbits to feed herbs late collection, then you can face the problems of their digestion.
- As often as possible include in the diet of various types of plants. This will favorably affect the general health of your pets.
- Wet and freshly mowed grass mass, especially with dew can lead to indigestion.
- Herbs are harvested by hand and must be dried and dried up. Mechanically mowed plants oxidize faster and can acquire toxic properties.
- After a long break with fresh grass, it is necessary to add to the plant’s feed gradually and only after the concentrated product. Otherwise, your pets may have indigestion from an excess of protein.
- The grass mows down on sunny days, but not after rain or dawn. Excess moisture damages the rabbit stomachs.
- We should not give the rabbits food grass that was collected near busy trails, on domestic animal runs, near enterprises with harmful production or street lawns.
- Harvested hay for the winter should not have rotten areas and contain mold.
- When teaching young plants to vegetable food, it is necessary to give them evenly and in small doses. At the same time, it is necessary to closely monitor the reaction of young individuals to a new type of food.
- Preparations for the winter are made at the beginning of flowering plants, immediately after the formation of buds.
- Drying grass should be short-lived and hay will retain its smell and green color;
- It is desirable to mix leguminous crops with cereals and give gradually, in order to avoid swelling of the rabbit tummies.
Green food on your site
If there is no time or special desire to walk in the meadows for the collection of green fodder, then useful grass for rabbits can be planted on your site. It can be:
- Nutritious bean cultures.
- Red clover is rich in protein and protein and all rabbits eat it with undisguised pleasure.
- Alfalfa containing amino acids and protein. It is no worse than clover and grows well in many climatic zones.
- Oats, which really sow twice per season. To do this, the second batch should be planted immediately after the first mowing.
- Cucumber herb, which is very useful for "eared" requires a deep landing.
- Green peas – goes to feed in the dried form of stems and pods.
- Parsley and celery increase rabbit appetite well.
- Vika – mixed with oats when feeding.
- Rye – is given along with Vika.
- Corn – young stems go into the diet. Corn is combined with leguminous plants at the rate of 70/30, respectively.
- Sid is rich in proteins, you can mow twice during the summer.
- Sulfide is rich in nutrients and also squints twice in the summer.
- Rhubarb is a perennial plant that is harvested in early spring.
- Feeding lupins of the legume family – contains a lot of protein, although feeding the rabbits with lupine alone is not recommended to avoid indigestion.
- Amaranth – unpretentious plant that has a beneficial effect on the rabbit digestive system.
- Mint, cumin and dill give rabbit a pleasant taste and aroma.
I hope this article has helped many rabbit breeders find answers to their exciting questions related to feeding their pets (is it possible to eat – can one not eat this or that plant?). As you can see, there are enough healthy herbs for rabbits to provide them with regular and healthy food. But do not forget about the correct feeding and harvesting, otherwise you risk harming your eared, feeding them even useful herbs.