Properly chosen diet is the key to health and beautiful wool in rabbits. These pets are very unpretentious in food, but owners should know that this small creature has a very fragile stomach, therefore feeding is a very important and responsible process. How and what to feed pets, consider in this article.
What can not feed the rabbits
Experienced rabbit lovers are well aware: what can feed pets, and what to give is contraindicated. However, for beginning breeders, pet feeding can be a big problem. So, the list of products that can not be pampered eared animals.
Feed the rabbits with cabbage is allowed, but not in any variety and in very limited quantities. It is not recommended to give white and red tea, as these vegetables cause severe poisoning and can lead to serious consequences.
Eared pets should not be given green (not ripe), as well as new potatoes. This root can cause intestinal twisting, which will lead to death.
Sunflower seeds are not recommended as the main feed. In large quantities, this product may cause complications in the digestive system due to the large amount of oils it contains.
Also do not forget that the fields are treated with pesticides. A little rabbit and a drop of poison is enough for serious poisoning.
Plants with lots of essential oils
Plants with a large amount of essential oils (mint, lemongrass, basil, acacia, lavender, and others) are dangerous to the digestive and diuretic systems of rabbits, therefore such oily plants should be completely excluded from the diet.
Despite the fact that nuts have a huge amount of nutrients, this product is contraindicated in rabbits. Nuts are heavy food and adversely affect the liver of a pet. Peanuts and hazelnuts can cause severe poisoning. Walnut and other nuts also will not bring any benefit to the pet.
Milk and all dairy products are strictly contraindicated in rabbits, because they contain animal protein, which has a detrimental effect on the digestion and the general condition of the animal. Even 1 mg of dairy product can cause serious poisoning, and in some cases, the death of a pet.
The eared animal is a herbivore animal, therefore it cannot receive meat in its natural environment. So, there is no need to feed it with animal protein at home. Such food will not bring any benefit to kids.
Chocolate is a strong allergen, so it is not necessary to feed the eared fish with a deliberately dangerous product. Even a small portion can cause poisoning and angioedema (swelling on the background of an allergic reaction). For such a small animal, such a reaction can be deadly. Rabbits are advised not to give any sweet products (buns, cakes), as this is too heavy food for a gentle stomach.
Useful rabbit feed groups
In the preparation of the diet is very important to know: what are the types of feed and how to choose the right food, which will fill all the necessary trace elements and substances in the body.
Green fodder is a collection of herbs, which consists of:
- various wild plants (herbs);
- grains and legumes;
- tops and auxiliary herbs.
There are a large number of herbs that you can feed eared pets (alfalfa, clover, wheat grass, yarrow, nettle). Grass needs to be bought from farmers or collected away from the dusty city. However, it is impossible to saturate the animal organism with greens alone. It is also necessary to add to the greenery of the tops of plants (potatoes, beets, swede) and grain with legumes (rye, corn, barley, peas, beans).
It is important to understand which plants can be fed to animals, since useful sprouts are easily confused with poisonous, alkaloid grass.
25% of the total diet of rabbits should be coarse food and fiber, which will improve the digestive processes, as well as saturate the body. The main "rough" product is hay. Eared pets prefer legumes and legume-grass species of dry grass.
Hay must be given daily., considering that a small part of the food will be pereotchtsya and remain in the aviary in the form of litter. It is desirable that access to the hay was uninterrupted. Rabbits are prone to overeating, but hay will not cause any negative effect.
Juicy food is the main part of the diet from autumn to spring (when it is not possible to feed the rabbits with fresh greens). Such feeds include melons, roots and silage.
Products related to succulent feeds:
- Carrot. The most favorite delicacy of eared animals. Contains carotene and a large amount of vitamins.
- Beet. Improves immunity, normalizes blood circulation and speeds up metabolism.
- Stern zucchini. Helps in digestive processes.
- Pumpkin. Improves digestion, improves the quality of wool.
- Watermelon and melon. It is allowed to use in feeding, however they do not bring special benefit to an animal.
Silage – a mixture of grass, vegetables and additional feedings (tops and waste). The ideal option is a mixture of:
- bean sprouts (30%);
- haulm of carrot and vegetable itself (60%);
- crushed boiled potatoes (10%).
Concentrated feeds are the most nutritious and optimal for a full daily diet. They contain a maximum of protein, while there is a minimum of liquid in them.
The higher the percentage of concentrated nutrition, the higher the rate of weight gain and growth. The recommended minimum of such feeding is 40% of the daily portion.
The combined feed includes:
Despite the fact that such a diet is quite expensive, it allows you to completely close the question of the saturation of the animal’s body. Such feeds contain a maximum of essential micronutrients and essential minerals.
Also, in addition to the above feeds, it is permissible to use special purchased substances as an additional feed. They can be both compound feed and auxiliary fortified rough nutrition.
You need to add to the diet chalk, salt, bone meal and red clay. These substances should occasionally be added to food for additional enrichment of rabbits with useful microelements.
In addition to the main feed, you can add some vegetables, fruits, grains, beans and even berries as a variety and additional food. However, it is important to remember that these supplements should be introduced into the diet little by little.
Immediately it should be noted that various exotic fruits (bananas, pineapples, mangoes, figs, etc.) are absolutely unnecessary to rabbits, since they have no place to take them from in the wild.
From the necessary fruit can be distinguished dried apples, raisins, pears, grapes (seedless).
Grain contains a large amount of nutrients. The main useful cereal for rabbits are:
- oats – a beneficial effect on the entire body;
- wheat – has a high energy value;
- corn – contains carotene, as well as vitamins of group B;
- barley – a positive effect on the digestive system.
Legumes also have a beneficial effect on the digestive system, however, there is a likelihood of gas formation, therefore, it is necessary to moderately feed the pets with legumes.
Most often in the diet are present:
They must be given in a ground form or whole, soaked in cold water for about 3 hours (in order to soften the beans and they are easier to eat).
In addition to fruits and vegetables, some breeders recommend feeding eared pets and berries. Permitted fruits include:
Berries have a large amount of vitamins and microelements, however, it is not desirable to give them to rabbits more often several times a week.
How to make a diet feeding rabbits at home
Depending on the time of year, the animal organism requires a different diet. In winter, there is always a deficiency of vitamins, and in summer you can replenish the necessary supply due to green. Consider the options for the perfect food for rabbits in winter and summer.
In the summer, most of the diet is green food. Ideal daily summer ration for rabbits of different groups: