Additional feeding of cubs in the first weeks of life of the rabbit is almost impossible. Therefore, artificial rabbit milk is used, which consists of 53% dry skim milk, 32% whey protein, 10% coconut and sunflower oil in a 1: 3 ratio and 3% of a mixture of multivitamins and minerals. This milk is given once a day with a pipette. It should be heated to body temperature.
A mother before or during sucking her cub licks his back, which contributes to the release of urine and feces, which she subsequently licks. To promote urination and defecation when artificially raising rabbits, it is important to gently massage the anal area with a finger each time before feeding.
Wild rabbits eat only plant food. These include grass and tops, and in winter mainly hay. Much less rabbits eat beets and carrots, apples and pears. The same applies to different varieties of cabbage. Wild rabbits with pleasure gnaw thin tree trunks and branches, as well as leaves.
First of all, you should think about the following: rabbits should eat coarse-fiber and nutrient-rich feed. Most of the day, including night, rabbits spend on a constant consumption of food. For an optimal digestion process, it is important that the rabbit constantly receives hay, for which they use fresh hay from the garden, which must be kept for at least 6 weeks before being fed to the animal.
Hay: feed and bedding
Hay is better to give the rabbit in the feeder, in which the rabbit can not jump, and then the feces and urine will not fall into the feed. For this purpose, a folding wooden cover is installed on the feeder. If hay is used as bedding, the feeder is not needed.
In the summer, the rabbit’s diet should contain a sufficient amount of green fodder: mash of grass and herbaceous plants, especially dandelion, plantain, large and lanceolate, yarrow, hogweed, and starfish. Clover creeping and meadow, as well as alfalfa before flowering, in contrast, should be fed in minimal quantities. Melilot is not fed because it contains too much coumarin, which can have a negative effect on blood coagulation.
In early spring, greens are gradually being fed to the animal. It is best to mix a small amount of green feed with hay. Although the rabbit will pull out and eat mostly the stems and leaves, yet he will eat them quite a bit. If green food does not seem to be clean enough, it is washed. In no case can not feed the grass growing near the roads and in the meadows, located near the place of congestion of cars that emit exhaust gases. Up to the winter the starlet remains fresh. This plant can also withstand a negative temperature of several degrees. Rabbits eat this plant with pleasure.
If there is not enough green food in the winter, as well as in the summer, you can feed various types of mash (from different foliage to chicory salad and lettuce). Too much mash can cause dyspepsia.
Cabbage and beets
As for cabbage, such as cauliflower, kohlrabi, Brussels sprouts, you can feed not only the cabbages, but also the stem and leaves. White and Savoy cabbage can be given only in small quantities, as from it in rabbits is flatulence, as well as from red cabbage. It is better to feed a braun with a high content of vitamin C.
Carrots or carrots are rabbit’s favorite food. This is also true for fodder beet, common beet.
Nature provides rabbits a varied diet. But each animal has its own addictions and habits.
Attention; there should be no fertilizer in the green feed.
Fruits, Potatoes, Corn
Apples are good food, which are best given to animals divided into 4 parts. In this case, unripe pome fruits should not be fed. Stone fruit, such as cherries, plums, do not give the animals.
Potatoes can be fed raw, if the rabbits are gradually accustomed to it. But at the same time on the potato should not be the eyes and germs.
Rabbits are happy to eat the unripe corn cobs, including wrapping leaves, as well as young sprouts of corn. You can also feed the ripe ears of corn. It should be borne in mind that because of the high content of highly digestible carbohydrates, corn should be used only in small quantities.
Branches and foliage
You can also give branches to rabbits for a whole year. The rabbit gnaws at their bark and leaves with pleasure (if he is not used to them, then after a while he will eat). They contain a significant amount of valuable proteins, as well as vitamins, minerals and trace elements. It is best to feed the branches of linden, birch, beech, ash. Rabbits are also given branches of fruit trees, especially apple trees, as well as pears, but unripe fruits are not fed. If the consistency of rabbit feces is changed, they are glued together in clumps, thick or liquid, animals are offered a home remedy for the animals: branches (with leaves!) Bast and various types of willows.
Concentrates and prepared feeds
Especially important and at the same time difficult for many rabbit lovers is the purchase of concentrates and ready-made feeds, which are most often offered in attractive packaging. A good concentrate is about carrying. At most, rabbits need 10 grams of oats per kg of animal body weight per day! The same amount is required for rabbits of ready-made feeds available on the market; these include sunflower seeds, flaxseed, as well as raisins, nuts. All commercially available mash bags are daily fed to rabbits only 10 grams per 1 kg of body weight, but then they do not give oats.
You should not feed the animal with only one concentrated feed!
Rabbits can be given stale white and black bread, especially crackers. This bread should also be given at 10 grams per 1 kg of rabbit body weight.
The more the dry food is fed, the more the rabbit needs drinking fashion. It is best to use fresh drinking water. Bottles and drinkers should be regularly rinsed with hot water so that neither algae nor bacteria multiply. Drinking water can be given to rabbits also in pottery covered with glaze or in heavy glass cups so that it is difficult to overturn them.
For giving fruits, vegetables, and especially concentrates, it is recommended to use practical round or oval food bowls that are commercially available. Oblong oval bowls for food are especially convenient when keeping several rabbits.