Rabbit owners should be sure to know what they eat in nature and what to feed them in other conditions, and most importantly, whether it is possible to give salt to rabbits. For these animals, one peculiarity is peculiar: they must constantly gnaw something in order to grind their teeth. Moreover, to the body was saturated with the necessary substances, they can eat around the clock, and require a large number of different foods. An important role is played by mineral nutrition of rabbits. What can be given to these animals, and how it will affect their health, read our review.
Do rabbits need salt?
Owners of rabbits are very often interested in the advisability of adding a component such as salt to the diet. Salt is a very important substance, because it provides the body with ions of chlorine and sodium. It is worth noting that salt is involved in the formation of gastric juice in rabbits. If the body does not have enough salt in the animals, this is fraught with growth retardation, destruction of bone tissue and miscarriages in females.
However, do not immediately rush to the cells and hang salt or actively pickle drinking water. After all, an overabundance can have a negative impact and contribute to the development of nephritis, renal infarction, or lead to the death of pets. The daily dose should be no more than 1.5 grams, for this it is enough to hang in a cage salt-lizunets.
Many experts do not recommend to give salt to rabbits separately, since the majority of ready-made feeds are sold already with its addition.
Cereals in the diet
Concentrated feed plays quite an important role in the development and growth of pets. It is well absorbed, so the diet should take about 70%. This type of feed includes cereals, legumes and seeds of oilseeds. Grains of cereal plants contain a huge amount of protein, fiber, starch and other important elements. The most popular cereals that are used to feed rabbits include oats, wheat, corn, and barley.
Oats refers to cereal. This product can be fed rabbits. In the grains of this plant there is a lot of pantothenic acid, which favorably affects the work of the whole eared organism, as well as their reproductive system. Oats are very nutritious, however, does not lead to obesity, so it can be given in large quantities.
This grass is a feed with high energy value. It contains a lot of carbohydrates, vitamin E and carotene, a small amount of protein and calcium. Offering corn to the animal, you should understand that there is a lot of fat in it, it quickly deteriorates after grinding, so you should not make a reserve for a long period of time.
Experts recommend grinding the corn along with the cob to feed the animals. Its share in the feed should not be more than 25%. Otherwise, obesity may develop in rabbits. Corn is better to use for fattening, as in the video by ILikeCamera.
Vitamin B group is present in wheat grains, as well as about 15% protein. It is not recommended to use them as a monoform, since wheat can cause flatulence in rabbits. If eared for a long time to feed this product, it can provoke a violation of mineral metabolism.
Barley helps to improve digestion. This product is recommended to be used as feed in the period of lactation of females or for fattening young animals. Barley beans contain many amino acids. Its only drawback is the presence of a film shell, which is difficult to digest.
The value of legume feed is much higher than the cereal. They are rich in protein, vitamin B group, calcium, phosphorus. Rabbits are recommended to give peas, soybeans or lentils. A large number of legumes in the feed can cause bloating. To avoid this, they must be mixed with animal feed or bran.
Plants from the garden
Given the fact that rabbits eat only plants (in nature, they eat various grasses, bark and tree roots), while keeping them at home, owners need to constantly monitor a balanced diet. Therefore, in their menu should be included roots and greens. Plants from the vegetable garden are very useful for rabbits, because they are juicy food, which is 90% water. They are useful for reproducing offspring and increasing milk in females.
The list of plants from the garden, which can be given to rabbits, should include:
In the spring you can give the rabbits a slightly limp tops or radish fruits. This plant is rich in vitamins and is very beneficial for them. Radish is recommended to be added to animal feed from one month of age. Freshly harvested plants are not recommended to feed, especially if they are very wet. Before offering a delicacy of plant origin to animals, it should first be soaked in the sun and wind, so that it is slightly infused.
Pumpkin is often used for feeding rabbits, mixed with animal feed. As part of a pumpkin a lot of protein, protein, calcium, phosphorus, which is why it is so useful for eared pets. In addition, in pumpkin a lot of carotene, which, penetrating into the body of the animal, turns into vitamin A. This vitamin is useful for the skin, mucous membranes, the visual system and urinary tract. In its pure form, it is found mainly in animal products that rabbits do not consume. Therefore, pumpkins are an alternative that can feed herbivorous pets.
In their natural environment, rabbits eat a large amount of greens, tops, and root vegetables, respectively, a significant part of their diet should consist of herbs such as alfalfa, burdock, and clover. For example, the most common type of plant for rabbits is burdock. Its leaves are quite juicy. As you know, these animals do not tolerate the lack of water in the body, and due to the succulent feed, this deficiency can be filled. In addition, there are a lot of vitamins in burdock.
What about alfalfa?
Alfalfa in the diet of rabbits is considered the most valuable green food, especially for baby rabbits and pregnant females. Alfalfa is rich in protein, it also contains phosphorus, calcium and essential amino acids for animals. Special attention deserves the fact that rabbits eat alfalfa with great pleasure.
It should be noted that alfalfa quickly grows coarse. That is why it is recommended to be fed during stitching and budding.
Video "Eared pets eat alfalfa"
In this video (by Vitaly Gribovsky), we suggest that you look at the appetite for the rabbits eating alfalfa.
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On the question of when it is better to set aside rabbits from their mother, many livestock breeders respond differently. There is no consensus about the age of jigging and the exact number of days. However, there are general recommendations.
Often, just a couple of days after the young mother has been around, the maternal instinct disappears. This is expressed in the fact that she throws her cubs out of the nest, does not want to feed them, or scatters them.
Of course, feeding baby rabbits left without a mother is quite possible to organize yourself. The organization of feeding will take you some time, you will need syringes, nipples, directly mixture
Domestic rabbits, as well as wild rabbits, are well instinctively aware of what is good for them and what is not. But unlike their counterparts, ornamental rabbits are in a confined space.
At home, the most difficult thing is to feed the young properly after birth. For the first time, all the most important elements for life come to animals with colostrum and rabbit milk.