For the normal life of rabbits in their diet must necessarily include coarse feed. What branches can be given to rabbits, every farmer should know. Rough feeds contain essential components – fiber and tannin – that improve digestion.
What branches can be given to rabbits
Also, regular consumption of roughage has antifungal effect, as a result, the gastrointestinal tract improves and all other mechanisms work much more intensively. Wood greens contain many vitamins, vegetable proteins (up to 8%), fat, assimilable calcium, carotene, amino acids and nitrogen-free extractives and trace elements. In autumn and winter they will replace green fodder, which is lacking during this period.
What branches can be given to rabbits to diversify and improve the diet? Cherry branches are well suited to rabbits, and spruce or pine branches will be an excellent alternative to them. You can also give birch, young plants like viburnum branches, many farmers give a mixture of sea buckthorn with maple branches. This kind of roughage is very useful. It can not only be harvested in spring, summer, but also cut off throughout the year. In rabbits, the incisors grow constantly, and so that they do not harm the animal, they must be ground.
What tree branches can be given to rabbits? Among all the trees listed above, it will be more beneficial for animals to see exactly what grows in the garden. The vegetation responds to various factors and produces its composition of vitamins and other substances that become medicine for the area. Animals with an appetite eat many kinds of trees. The best options for them are:
Rowan, apple tree branches can also be given to pets: this greatly facilitates the process of harvesting food. Rotted leaves must first be removed. In the summer, pets love apple branches and eat them with an appetite. There is more protein, vitamins and calcium in the wood of these species than in the straw. In winter, animals have a great lack of these substances, and therefore such branches are simply necessary for decorative rabbits.
Rowan grows almost everywhere in the wild, the search for poplar, elm and maple is also not difficult. The branches of apple trees, many grow in suburban areas.
Branches for rabbits can be given constantly and in large quantities, it will not bring harm. In early spring, but not in the summer, sprigs with unopened buds are given in the diet of eared ones: during this period they contain the vitamins necessary for vitamin deficiency.
Unwanted branch feed
Another group of trees includes species that should not be abused. It includes:
Oak branches of trees for ornamental rabbits and alders have a large number of fixing substances (tannins), they can be used to treat an upset stomach, which is characteristic of summer due to the large amount of green fodder and vegetable crops. In this case, one must be careful, as animals sometimes have constipation. Birch branches from the forest can become a diuretic drug for rabbits, which will further lead to dehydration.
Medical branch feed
Willow branches have bactericidal qualities, also the beneficial properties of willow are well treated for diarrhea and bloating, due to the content of salicylic acid. It has an analgesic effect. Branches of linden, birch added to the treatment of cystitis, they have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect, as well as used to grind down the teeth.
Rabbits eat well any fresh products. The needles in the feed give even more limited. It is indispensable in winter, when there is no greenery and vegetables. Recently cut branches of spruce, juniper and pine rabbits eat very well. Due to the high content of bactericidal substances in them, vitamins, it is not likely that animals will be infected with infectious diseases.
It is optimal to stock birch and other branches of trees for grinding teeth in the winter, otherwise a violation of bite develops. If the teeth do not grind down, they begin to grow rapidly, sometimes they stick out, unfold, and even grow into soft tissues. This leads to terrible consequences: at first the rabbit cannot eat fully, it loses weight, it develops anorexia and associated diseases. To save a pet from such a fate, you must consult with a specialist. Ushastiki cope on their own if they are constantly given branches, it also saves the cell from nibbling.
Banned branch feed
The most important thing is not to give your pets a branch of poisonous tree species, which include:
Branches of trees are dangerous for rabbits, especially ornamental ones. You can not give any food thoughtlessly. These branches contain toxic substances. Also prohibited substances are found in lilacs, but rabbits will not want to eat it. Danger can be represented by stone trees. Some farmers believe that they contain hydrocyanic acid, but many livestock breeders refute this statement, based on the fact that hydrocyanic acid is only in the bone itself, but it is not in the trunk and branches.
Of course, there are farmers who take risks and give pets a try of such food, but this can be dangerous. It is not advised to feed the rabbits with pear fruits, as they can cause bloating in the animal. It does not apply to wood, but fluffies to pear branches do not have much love.
Proper feeding of rabbits
Schooling occurs gradually. Every day to feed the rabbits with branch feeds is undesirable, although it is possible. After 2 weeks, you need to break the animals up to 10 days. If this is not done, the pets eat without interruption and do not know the measures themselves. The best mode is to give branches to rabbits every other day. It should be careful: in February, conifers begin to produce resin, which gives the branches a bitter taste, and therefore they will have to be excluded from the diet.
Conifers advise to include in the diet of individuals from October to March, during this period the stocks of vitamins in rabbits are minimal.
Another advantage of feeding with needles lies in the magical property of phytoncides, thanks to which the quality of animal fur improves. When pets eat roughage, their body is filled with vitamin reserves. Spruce branches provide infrequently, as they contain many essential oils. But if the animal has a respiratory infection, the content of spruce in the diet can be increased. Larch must be given rarely. Larch is also needed in the treatment of the respiratory tract.
The greatest need for solid feed occurs in rabbit breeders in the winter, although pets with great pleasure eat them year-round. Usually, tree branches for decorative rabbits are harvested in June, when a lot of young branches and foliage are still tender, and while the rabbits have something to eat. Choose branches with a large number of leaves on them, because in the wood there are more useful substances. If in advance to prepare such feed for the future, do not have to run after him in the winter through the snowdrifts.
Do not cut branches from trees growing near the road or in the city: they have accumulated a lot of toxic substances and heavy metals, it will not do for rabbits to benefit. The future feed is cut into a length of 50-100 cm, not more than 1 cm in diameter, and collected in a broom, hung – the feed is ready. Dried products in dry darkened rooms (attic, shed, shed). Give pets only good quality food. Animals do not gnaw branches with a large diameter, they only gnaw the bark, so it is better to sort them out at once, so as not to remove the remnants of food.