All novice breeders are concerned about the question: what can and what can not feed these eared animals. Proper diet – the key to their successful cultivation. Caring for rabbits of a silver or dwarf breed, the occupation is rather troublesome. These animals are often subjected to all sorts of infections, have a weak gastrointestinal tract. Only a full and regular diet will lead to a good weight gain and improve health.
What should not be in the diet: prohibited foods
Because of the underdeveloped muscles of the stomach and the very long intestine, rabbits should always be provided with a sufficient amount of feed. Each new portion of food pushes through the intestines previously eaten. To avoid stagnation, the rabbit must constantly have something to eat. However, it is also impossible to overfeed animals, and if food often remains in the feeders, then the amount of food consumed should be reduced.
Not every grass is good for rabbits.
Rabbit metabolism is very fast, so they eat a lot. But not every food is healthy. There are some products that can be extremely dangerous for them. So what can not feed the rabbits? Let’s try to figure it out.
Vegetables and fruits
Rabbits are very fond of juicy food, which include vegetables and fruits. But they should not be more than a third of the daily diet. An excess of such feed can cause bloating, disruption of the stomach and intestines, and in some cases – the death of the animal.
With care give the rabbits in the winter dried vegetables. In the stomach, they swell, which is fraught with intestinal blockage. Do not give the rabbit boiled, fried or steamed vegetables.
Attention! It is categorically impossible to feed the rabbits with tomatoes, fresh red beetroot (with the exception of tops), new potatoes, onions, eggplants and red cabbage.
As for fruit, the choice is small. Rabbits can only offer dried apples and pears, in small quantities and not often. Moreover, it is better to dry them yourself, after removing the core. In no case can you feed the rabbits with any exotic fruit.
Fresh berries should not be given to rabbits, they cause fermentation in the intestines.
In the diet of the rabbit must be present green feed of three types: medicinal herbs, meadow and garden. Freshly cut, wet grass should not be given.. Eating wet herbs can cause bloating, diarrhea. To avoid unpleasant consequences, it must be well dried and slightly dried. To do this, fresh weed, leave for several hours in a shady, well-ventilated place. If you cut the grass in dry weather, without dew and rain, you can do without drying. It is important to know what grass can not feed the rabbits.
So necessary for the health of the teeth and stomach branches, also must be chosen with caution. Animals should not be given branches of Labrador tea, apricot, bird cherry, wolf’s bark and elderberry. Limit consumption of cherry and sweet cherry branches.
Poisonous and dangerous plants:
- horse sorrel;
- wild radish;
- lily of the valley;
- marsh horsetail;
Attention! Even a small amount of these plants can cause vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, arrhythmia, bloating, convulsions and death in a rabbit. They are especially dangerous for pregnant females and young rabbits.
Poisonous plants lead to a quick and painful death of the animal.
Contrary to popular belief that milk protein is useful for animals, this is not the case with rabbits. Only suckling babies need milk before and after vaccination. And for adult rabbits milk, sour cream, cottage cheese and cheese is prohibited. Protein deficiency can easily be replenished with barley and dry yellow peas (in small quantities).
Legumes and grains
Grain crops constitute a significant part of the rabbit’s diet, and legumes make up a little less. In no case should not give rice, sunflower seeds, millet, millet and rye. They will not bring any benefit. This is a very solid food containing little fiber. If the rabbits eat little hay, which is placed in a cage (it can be easily made independently), then it is good to add a small amount of bran to the feed.
The composition of hay should not be a lot of legumes.
From legumes will have to exclude beans (red and black), beans and young peas. Such food is fraught with bloating and indigestion. Never give the rabbits ready-made sweet cereals with milk and pea puree.
Sweets and pastries
Sweet crackers, crackers, biscuits, white bread, etc. are dangerous to the health of rabbits (ordinary and decorative). You can occasionally indulge your homemade fluffy pets with special dry treats. For ordinary rabbits and they are banned. Eating too much salt, sugar and fat can lead to tragic consequences.
The menu of decorative rabbits is not too different from the usual diet of meat rabbits. The list of prohibited foods can be supplemented with nuts, chips, ice cream, candy, sausage or meat, and any cereal flakes. These products, which are extremely dangerous for them, can cause the premature death of pets. Rabbits should not eat food from the human table. All fat, fried, spicy and smoked is excluded.
White fresh bread should not be given to rabbits.
What to look for
Food for rabbits should be not only correct and useful, but also quality. Making a menu for a rabbit must take into account several important factors:
If the rabbit nutrition is balanced, includes all the necessary types of feed, then it does not need additional vitamin and mineral supplements. Special vitamin complexes, for example, Chiktonik, can be given to rabbits only in winter. And that, only when necessary. If the wool has faded and has fallen, the appetite has worsened – this is the reason to resort to vitamin preparations.
Often, some rabbit breeders give their animals salt blocks or add a small amount of salt to their food. This is not worth doing. Excess salt can be bad for health. It is important to remember that a rabbit should eat at least 400 kg of grass and about 100 kg of hay over the summer. And in addition to them, add grain and juicy food.
The video discusses the question: is it possible to give bread to rabbits? ”