Homemade rabbit breeding requires some knowledge. After all, in addition to the content, animals need to organize a balanced diet. Food that is consumed by rabbits should be nutritious and healthy. A significant part of the daily diet is occupied by vegetable feed. These are green herbs and dried.
All of them are divided into useful and poisonous grass for rabbits. If the former contain beneficial and nourishing elements and have a healing effect, the latter, on the contrary, pose a great danger to a fluffy animal. The difficulty lies also in the fact that domestic rabbits have lost their ability to understand the grass, so they eat all the vegetable food that they eat. Consequently, all responsibility lies with the breeders. Therefore, before proceeding to the breeding of rabbits at home, you need to study which herbs are useful for them and which are contraindicated.
In addition, there are general rules for feeding rabbits with vegetable feed. Firstly, it is best to give the animals young grass that was cut before it blossomed. Secondly, in no case should rabbits be fed wet plant foods: with dew or after rain. Thirdly, you can not feed the animals with freshly cut grass, you should give it a couple of hours to lie down, pull up. And, fourthly, at first they give grain feed or mixed fodder, and after that – grass.
Herbs that are contraindicated in rabbits
As we have already indicated, not all herbs are suitable for feeding rabbits. Some of them represent a serious danger to furry animals. In addition, there are some features of vegetation that you need to know. Herbs should be considered from the following positions:
- poisonous, in principle, but they cannot be used;
- pose a danger in a certain period of their growth;
- become toxic;
- lose their toxic properties after drying.
So what kind of plants are dangerous for rabbits? Of course, the discussion will deal with wild vegetation, which is found in large numbers on meadows, roadsides, ravines and other non-cultivated territories.
Buttercups are among the most poisonous vegetation. They are represented by perennials and annuals. There are everywhere. You can recognize them by brightly blooming yellow flowers and long, dissected leaves.
Fresh buttercups are poisonous to all animals, without exception. They contain the active ingredient – pro-anemonin, which causes intoxication of the body. As a result, animals begin to vomit, abdominal pain, bloating, excessive salivation.
But when the plants are dried, the poison from them disappears and they can be given to adult rabbits as part of hay. However, you should comply with the measure and start with a small amount, with a positive result, gradually increase the amount of dried grass.
Also, poisonous grasses, which are dangerous to rabbits, include shooting.
The toxic substance in them is protoanemonin and saponins.
Just like buttercups, in dry form they become quite suitable for human consumption.
Among the lumbago, the most dangerous are:
- Meadow chamber.
There are in the family of buttercups and such perennial herbs as fighters or aconites. These are plants on high twenty-centimeter stems with wide leaves and large flowers. They can be found everywhere.
The plant contains alkaloids and toxic substance –acitin. Grass Fighter is poisonous not only for rabbits, but also for other animals. The most dangerous plant during flowering, when it accumulates the highest concentration of poisons. A wrestler or aconite cannot be used as food in any form, since it does not dry out, nor ensiling, does not relieve it of toxic substances.
In nature, there are many varieties of this plant, but they all belong to poisonous herbs and are contraindicated for feeding animals.
The next herb representing danger is hellebore. It is a perennial belonging to the lily family. There are several types of it, to poisonous refers:
You can find out these herbs by a tall thick stalk, whose height reaches a meter or more, on which there are many large leaves. But the flowers are small and inconspicuous.
Chemeritsa contains poisonous alkaloids. The danger is the whole plant. The highest concentration of toxins is observed in young grass. When dried, the concentration of poison is slightly reduced, but it does not disappear completely, so the plant is still dangerous to animals and can be fatal.
Note also that the natural conditions affect the toxicity of the plant. For example, hellebore growing in Altai is not toxic at all and is actively used as plant food.
The danger for the rabbits is represented by the Zimovnik meadow. It is also a perennial herb of the lily family. It is poisonous and fresh and dried. Therefore, care must be taken to ensure that its parts do not fall into the hay and are not fed to animals.
Zymovnik contains colchicine, a toxic substance that infects the vascular system, and the rabbit dies after heavy agony within a day, at least two.
Digitalis is also contraindicated for rabbits. This plant, on a high stalk, is up to four meters with long oblong leaves of a lanceolate form. Blooms large red-purple or yellow flowers. Attracts beautiful appearance. Often used for decorative purposes, and its medicinal properties are known. However, despite this, it belongs to the poisonous group. The grass contains toxic substances – glycosides. They are dangerous to the heart and blood vessels. They have a cumulative effect, so when a small amount of grass gets into the body, it does not cause poisoning, but after a while, when the concentration of poison reaches a certain level, the animal begins to have a heart rhythm disorder, vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions and the rabbit dies.
Celandine, it is found not only in the wild, for many it grows in the yard. All parts are poisonous in both fresh and dried form.
Do not feed the rabbits and plants such as cycuta or milestones. This is a perennial grass, is a tall, up to one meter plant, the stems of which are very branched. It grows in damp places.
Cicuta contains a toxic substance – cycutotoxin. Getting into the body of animal poison causes a violation of the respiratory system, there is a spasm and the rabbit dies.
Contraindicated for rabbits and hemlock. This is a fairly common plant, which is known to almost everyone. It is easy to recognize it by a large, up to two-meter-long branchy stalk, with leaves of a richly green color and umbrella-shaped flowers of a light color. Hemlock smells disgusting.
When harvesting, the poison in the grass does not evaporate, so it is not used as a vegetable feed.
Larkspur is also dangerous for rabbits. This plant is about forty centimeters in height. Often found in fields with grain crops, so when harvesting feed, may fall into the grain. That conceals a hidden danger, because the poison has the maximum concentration in the seeds. But this does not negate the toxicity of other parts of the plant. Getting into the body larkspur causes paralysis, convulsions, leads to death.
Such a common perennial, like wild mustard, is fraught with no less danger. It contains allyl oil, which causes poisoning in animals.
In the swamps, wet meadows or rivers the marsh calla grows, which, despite its visual appeal, is contraindicated for use as animal feed. It contains solanine-like substance, which in rabbits causes poisoning. Prohibited use of calla in fresh. When the grass dries, the toxins evaporate.
Often in the crops of spring crops one can find such a weed as the cockle of the crop. It also refers to poisonous plants, because there is a substance in it, the gitagin, that causes poisoning of the body. This poison, in great concentration, is found in weed seeds, which mix with the grain and cause food poisoning in animals.
This is only a small part of those plants that are contraindicated for rabbits. Therefore, if you are not familiar with some kind of grass, then it is better to exclude it from getting into the diet of animals. In this case, preference should be given to proven feed.