The health and fecundity of rabbits, like any animals, depends not only on the proper creation of living conditions, but also on a well-thought out diet. Experienced breeders know that not all the recommendations voiced by professors are applicable to one or another eared family. Therefore, it is necessary not only to follow the advice received, but also to monitor the state of the population. So, for example, if one rabbit eats a green salad with pleasure, the other can get a little food poisoning. Then the question arises: "Is it possible to eat a salad for rabbits?"
What can be given to the rabbit
How to choose the right food, rich in minerals and unable to harm the delicate eared body? You will find the answer to this question in the presented review.
Nutrition Features in the Wild
To properly formulate a diet that is useful to rabbits, you need to pay attention to the composition of food consumed or in their natural environment. Among these:
It is important to know that the hare’s digestive tract is specific: the intestine is not able to independently promote the digested mass, therefore, in order to live a full life, the eared one must constantly chew. Therefore, if there is no feed, gastrointestinal stasis may develop, causing bloating and even death.
A small member of the hare family needs a balanced diet, so it is important to properly formulate their diet. One of the key ingredients is grass. Without it, the digestive system may fail. Treat rabbit’s favorite delicacies:
Having become acquainted with this list, do not rush to destroy all the weeds from the farm. Perhaps among them you will find treats rich in antioxidants that increase resistance to various diseases for the whole population.
Feeding individuals can additionally offer rhubarb, dill (improve the quality and quantity of milk given to the offspring). Parsley is given at the time of separation of the baby rabbit from the mother, as it affects the milk supply (stops its formation).
Important: for one day, rabbit eats about a kilogram of different vegetation.
Rabbits can eat a green salad, or rather even need. Why? Because it is an indispensable supplier of folic acid, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, etc. However, it is very important not to overdo it with its quantity, because a small amount of alkaloids can provoke poisoning when overeating a green product.
However, be careful with the following plants:
- wild mustard;
- buttercup poisonous, caustic;
- radish wild;
Celandine, horsetail and loboda are given in minimal quantities. It is necessary to monitor the way the rabbit eats such food and the response of the body. If something went wrong, then urgently have to remove the food provided from the trough, add delicacies with vitamins and water.
The plants listed in the list can cause serious poisoning and even kill eared ones (it’s all about the large number of alkaloids contained in these plants). It is important that the grass offered to rabbits and rabbits be slightly dried or dried in aerated areas (do not allow the rotting of products prepared for long-eared food). In it, unlike vegetation with dew, there will definitely not be a random poison.
It is necessary to give the rabbit plants no earlier than after they reach the age of two months. In this case, the introduction of a new product should resemble the first feeding of the child (slowly add, in small portions, first green). This adult can even eat the bark of trees, but the offspring must be protected from hard food, so as not to injure the gastrointestinal tract.
To the fresh feed also include the tops of the roots. When offering such food to rabbits, you must be sure of the absence of the effect of chemicals on the tops, so as not to lose livestock and provide your pets with water in large quantities. Therefore, the answer to the question: “Is it possible to give the rabbits tops?” Is positive, but not from tomatoes.
Is it possible to give hay to rabbits? Of course, because it is one of the components of a rich diet. Which grass is better to use for harvesting? Here is a suggested list:
- you can leave mouse polka dots and chamomile, etc.
Hay is a fiber source that is so necessary for rabbits to be properly harvested. To begin with, you will have to mow the grass in a convenient way for you, then dry it in the sun, collect it in dust and remove it under the shed. If there is no place to store, then a film is applied to the top of the shock, which is able to protect the workpiece from excess moisture and snow.
Juicy feed and fruit
These components naturally include:
- Jerusalem artichoke;
- pears (seedless);
- apples (seedless);
As for the potato, it is better to serve it boiled, it is impossible – green. The young root vegetable contains a large amount of starch, which, when sedentary eared, turns into fat. Experienced farmers know what obesity is and what it causes, and what about you?
With an increase in body weight is not only an increase in the load on the skeleton, but also malfunction of the cardiovascular system. Plus to all is a decrease in personal hygiene (the rabbit cannot reach certain places on the body), which causes skin lesions and the death of the long-eared (feces remains are not removed from the anus area and serve as an excellent environment for pathogenic microorganisms and fly larvae).
Can rabbits have watermelon peels? It is possible, only if they are cleared of seeds and do not have putrefactive areas.
Rabbits can be given and beets, but in small quantities. As for the beet, there are three types of it: sugar, fodder and table. Here are the first 2 species are great for rabbits, as they are rich in fiber. The only thing worth noting – do not exceed the norm (1-2 root crops per day). Why? Yes, if only because it contains a large amount of sugar, and he, as you know, is a “white death”.
As for beetroot, its use as food for rabbits is impossible. There are many cases of the death of huge livestock due to falling on the table of this root. Be careful when choosing food long.
If you want to pamper pets with cabbage, then be sure to remove the stump in advance, because this is a place of accumulation of toxic substances that can poison even the human body.
Novice farmers and breeders are encouraged to use industrial feed, as they are already balanced and contain all the necessary components:
- cake (makuhu for lactating individuals, therefore, the rest of the population is impossible);
- grain (wheat, oats, rye);
- hay or straw;
- vitamins and trace elements.
Important: when choosing a feed, see the marks on the category of animals. For example, for young animals, mixed feed is made more fortified (in some areas iodine is additionally given to animals).
It is no secret that manufacturers do not always conscientiously control the quality of the components of the feed, so experienced breeders try to produce such food on their own. To do this, it is enough to prepare a special container, a kneader for building mixtures and a granulator, and, of course, to select the necessary components for the feed itself.
Most often, to create it, use well-known cereals, from which porridge is brewed (wheat germ, oats, barley, etc.) and water. At the request of the farmer, a delicacy or a plant with a pleasant smell may be included in the composition (exclude the peas and bean husks so as not to harm the pets). To please eared, you can add mountain ash, maple, mulberry (their branches) to the feed. Long-eared with pleasure eats such a gift.
Features feeding rabbits
As you already understood, it is important to make the feed useful and fresh, using nutrients, namely:
- Vitamin A is needed to maintain the vision and function of reproduction. If you notice a cessation of growth and a disturbance in the work of the nervous system, it is desirable to increase the concentration of the element in question.
- Vitamin E contributes to the strengthening and growth of the hare muscles. If it is not in food, then problems with the urinary-genital system and the liver are possible.
- Vitamin D reduces susceptibility to rickets and other problems of the musculoskeletal system.
- Biotin helps strengthen the protective functions of the skin.
- Vitamin PP helps prevent digestive problems.
In addition to all this, salt should be present in the feed (give up to 1 gram of rabbit and up to one and a half to adult individuals). Many farmers use salt lizunets (a special mineral complex that is sold in veterinary clinics). Which way to choose? To decide only you.
Feeding livestock should be clear (at certain times). This helps to improve digestion, because, like in humans, the glands begin to produce a secret at a certain time. This does not allow food to stay longer in the gastrointestinal tract. It is not necessary to remind how the retention of feces in the body has a negative effect.
However, you can not overfeed rabbits. It is not difficult to guess that this can lead to obesity, the development of various diseases and even the death of an animal.
Feeding pregnant females should be more fortified, therefore, such individuals are better transplanted in separate enclosures. After the appearance of offspring, it is desirable to add rhubarb and dill to feed.
Can rabbits be given rough food? Yes, but not all. The bark (birch, maple, cherry, acacia) is allowed, because in the wild, especially in the cold season, trees are the salvation for eared ones. You can not: cherry, plum, peach and cherry.
Do not forget to include in the diet, in addition to grain (rye, barley, millet) and other delicacies (plantain, Ivan-tea, sweet clover, clover, cucumbers, carrots, onions, schiritsu and other plants).
Oddly enough, but the answer to the question: “Is it possible to give the shepherd a bag of rabbits?” Is positive. It is worth noting that the long-eared love this product, although some are distracted by its sharp smell. The same can be said about the onion (it is impossible not to use a bulb) – it eats its population in order to strengthen its immunity.
Winter rape is given to rabbits only until seeds appear. Later this product becomes dangerous for the health of fluffy.
Can rabbits have an egg? There is a lot of protein in the egg, that is why there is no point in denying your pet such a useful component. Plus the yolk of God with amino acids and fats. So feel free to give the rabbits such a product, but no more than a couple of times a week.
It is important to always keep a full drinker with clean water (it is better to make a small one), and place food only in a clean feeder. Here, perhaps, and all the basic tips on nutrition. Although…. Pay attention to the list of prohibited foods for rabbits.
If you do not want to destroy your livestock, then carefully review the presented list and exclude these ingredients from the diet of pets:
- Nutmegs (walnuts are allowed in small quantities).
- Fruits of peas, lupins and beans (their husks can damage the digestive tract).
- Sunflower seeds.
- Datura, sage, euphorbia, celandine – harmful plants.
- Foods with lots of sugars.
- Cows and any other milk, like all dairy products, is not perceived by the body and can lead to the death of the animal.
- Rabbit tomatoes cannot be from tomato (the corned beef in it is poison for eared animals).
- Willow, tansy, woodlouse or lilac with remnants of dew or raindrops.
- Dried, fried vegetables and fruits (baked pears, plum jam, dried fruits, etc.).
- Red cabbage and cabbage stalk.
- The rabbit eats raspberries, strawberries, bananas, but these are soft foods that can quickly deteriorate and cause an upset gastrointestinal tract.
With care, rabbits are given crackers and bread. The thing is that this is a perishable product that can harm the eared digestive system (if the individual is eating food directly from the floor or the ground).
Now you are familiar with the lists of products that farmers give to their pets in order to maintain their fertility and not to spend money on the treatment of diseases caused by the lack of micro and macro elements. Plus, you got a list of forbidden herbs, root crops and foods. Remember it or keep it close at hand, so as not to lose your pets, because food is one of the factors affecting the quality and quantity of hare.