To grow healthy and strong animals, you need to know the features of their diet. How many times a day to feed rabbits? Let us consider what and in what quantities should be given eared so that no problems arise in the future.
Rabbit feeding rules
Novice livestock breeders find it difficult to understand the intricacies of breeding, so they often make certain mistakes. No need to calculate the ratio of proteins and carbohydrates per month on a calculator. Knowing the basics of feeding, you can avoid trouble.
- Quality products. It is forbidden to give rotten and moldy food. Dried, frozen or frost-covered food is a source of disease.
- A varied menu. Even the most delicious diet quickly bored. Rabbits are more sensitive to food, so it is important to offer them different species.
- Water. Dry food is better absorbed only with an abundance of fresh liquid. The lack of an important element is first reflected in the form of constipation and the absence of milk in lactating females.
- Food is given at a certain time. Animals quickly get used to the schedule and wait for food.
- It is impossible to feed all groups equally. The daily rate for each type of rabbit is different.
Eared eat at least 30 times within 24 hours. According to the Mikhailov system, animals have regular access to products. In nature, the rodent constantly finds twigs or grass, so the body receives nutrients in sufficient quantities. In this case, the livestock grows healthy and strong, without a hint of obesity.
When the cell content necessarily receive not only plant food, but also animal products. Experienced breeders give fish oil, bone meal and whole milk with whey. It is useful to give silage with the addition of beets, potatoes and concentrate. Be sure to include trace elements.
Rabbits eat very often, so for beginners it seems that the animal is constantly chewing on something. Farms prefer two meals a day: in the morning and in the evening. At home, practice three times the introduction of feed:
- in the winter at 8, 12 and 17 hours;
- in the summer – at 6, 15 and 19.
In the cold, in the morning and in the evening, half the ration of the concentrate (grain) and the same amount of silage are given. At noon, it is better to feed the roots. In warm seasons, at the beginning and end of the day, they prefer dry food (50%) and grass. Dried greens are divided into 3 portions and bring each time.
Such a diet will help to quickly build up muscle mass in animals. Always check for drinking water. The liquid in the cold time necessarily heated to room temperature.
Meat breeds are grown according to a certain pattern. It is important for several weeks not only to increase the weight, but also to obtain an excellent ratio of meat and fatness. Experienced breeders recommend starting the process 42 days before the intended slaughter.
What and how many times a day to feed the rabbits? Concentrates make up more than 50% of the menu, and to increase fat it is recommended to give boiled potatoes, corn and barley. Sometimes peas and oats are allowed, and parsley and dill are mixed with hay.
The animals should move less and gain weight faster. To do this, their movement is limited to the cell in which no more than 6 eared heads sit. They are sent to the slaughter after individuals become lazy and they have little interest in food.
Diet during mating
To get healthy and strong rabbits, you need to take care of the condition of future parents. Lean provide enhanced nutrition, and fat men are transferred to a diet. Lack or excess of fat leads to stillbirth, and the quality of sperm decreases in males.
Increased feeding of depleted individuals begin one month before the period of mating. It is necessary to increase the daily diet, bringing it on nutrition to the menu sukrolnyh women. The abundance and diversity complement multivitamins.
To improve the quality of sperm in males need to use protein foods. For enrichment, meal oilseeds, meat and bone meal and fish meal are added to food. During the period of mating you can not use products that contribute to obesity, therefore, exclude:
From the health of producing animals depends on the viability of rabbits. It is advised to provide a complete and varied diet with a sufficient number of useful trace elements. Veterinary supplements can be used at this stage.
What should a rabbit eat in a dormant period? The normal diet consists of a third of the grain and 70% of hay. Add to food (in grams per head):
- salt – 1;
- bone meal – 4;
- ground shells – 2.
Features females menu
A pregnant rabbit has a lot. To obese mummies it is difficult to give birth. Before okolom daily rate is reduced, but do not allow fasting. Lack of nutrients leads to a delay in the natural development of the fetus.
One rabbit eats from 60 to 100 g of vegetable feed (oats, concentrate, legumes) per day. Additionally, add sunflower or soybean meal – no more than a third of the norm. Since there is no lactation, half a kilogram of grass is enough.
Still do not forget about carrots and potatoes: 250 g per head. Minerals and vitamins must be given to suckling females, and fish oil and meat and bone meal are suitable as natural supplements. It is important to monitor water quality.
After birth, you need to increase lactation. A nursing rabbit in the summer eats green grass, and in cold seasons it is better to give roots, hay and silage. Feeding rates increase from 20 to 45 days (in grams per individual):
- feed – 150;
- juicy menu – 300;
- grass – 1000.
Lactating females need 60-70 g of protein per day with feed. The composition of their feed should include at least 17-18% of an important product.
The kids watch mom and soon begin to try adult food themselves. To keep the rabbit from starving, you need to add 30 g of concentrate and hay to your daily dose in winter, and 25 and 60 in summer. In this case, you can not worry about the lack of food and a decrease in lactation.
Features young menu
Feeding baby rabbits has its own nuances. It is better to put off babies in the period from 30 to 45 days after birth. If you deprive the mother’s milk at an earlier age, the digestive system of young people will not have time to properly form. Any "adult" diet is not suitable for eating crumbs, so everything new is introduced gradually.
Fattening of young rabbits
Experienced farmers prefer to use granular concentrate. The daily rate of feed in young rabbits is (in grams per head):
- up to 2 months – from 85 to 125;
- up to 90 days – from 130 to 170;
- from week 13 – from 180 to 200.
By the way, the menu can be varied with greens and hay. Compound feed is reduced to 85%, and the remaining 15% is used for grass. In the morning they give half the daily norm of dry food, and in the evening they add roots to the rest. During the day they recommend not to forget about the silo. Wet food types are given so that they are eaten for 1.5 hours.
Warm seasons are a great time to diversify the animal menu. The basis of the diet becomes both grass and radish leaves, carrots. Eared well absorb the branches of fruit trees. It is not forbidden to offer apples, cabbage and waste from them.
You can not give large quantities of sugar and red beets. Products cause increased gas formation, which causes bloating. It is allowed to use fodder types of root vegetables. To improve digestion provide odorous herbs:
To prevent problems with teeth, dried stalks of garlic are used, and plantain is a natural antibiotic. Young nettle will be a natural source of vitamins. By the way, this delicacy can be given as a feeding rabbit, and meat species.
How much green is allowed per pet? On average, adults eat up to 600 g of grass, rabbits – from 150 g and more. The content of lactating moms allows you to increase the rate by 2 times. Using this type of diet reduces the consumption of dry foods and saves concentrates.
In cold seasons, animals often lack vitamin deficiencies. In the daily rate of food for rabbits must add trace elements A, D, E and B12. High-quality hay and fermented green fodder will provide the body with important components. Add fish oil once a day (in grams per head):
- little rabbit – 0.5;
- lactating females – 3;
- pregnant women – 2;
- the rest of the animals – 1.
Germinated grain is rich in vitamin E, so it is regularly given to both kids and adults. If there is no time to grow greens, then sometimes it can be replaced by yeast. For 5 days, one individual is fed up to 6 g of the baking product. Then take a break of 72 hours and repeat again.
What to feed rabbits in winter
Turnips, cabbage and dry grass for the winter sour in barrels. Add carrots and salt (1% of the total mass). For an adult animal, such food should be no more than 300 g, and 100 g per head is enough for young animals. Experienced farmers sometimes give needles of coniferous crops to prevent beriberi.
How much should a rabbit eat in winter? During this period, 50% of the total diet are concentrates, and the rest is silage and juicy foods. Excellent assimilated carbohydrates, which can be obtained from boiled root crops.
What is worth remembering
Eared pets love to chew on something, so you need to be attentive to food of animal origin. Dairy products are on the menu in limited quantities. Per individual, 10 g per day is allowed, which is used both raw and added to the mash.
The rabbit should eat grain, but experienced farmers advise to pre-crush large grains in the crusher. Such food is easily digested and does not cause rejection in the young. During feeding, you need to carefully monitor the taste preferences of pets and do not give unpleasant ingredients to scatter.
Eared can not eat fresh bread. The product is better to cut into small pieces to dry in the oven. Crackers are used as an additional delicacy. Do not get involved in the waste from the table and give food with an abundance of spices and salt.
Autumn and spring is the period of transition from one type of food to another. It is not advised to carry out the procedure abruptly, otherwise digestive problems may be provoked. The gradual introduction of new types of food must be done within 7 days. If diarrhea begins, then the animals should be given sprigs of oak.