The pledge of animal health is nutrition. In order eared creatures eat right, put on weight and give strong offspring, it is necessary to know the subtleties of their diet. How to feed domestic rabbits?
The quality of food depends on the health of livestock.
What is fed domestic rabbits?
To provide a fluffy gourmet with all the necessary elements, remember its tastes and preferences. In the wild, the animal eats:
- grass (fresh and dry);
- root vegetables;
Without these components, it will be extremely difficult to create rational nutrition at home.
The foundation is grass. Without it, there will be a malfunction of the gastrointestinal system. She is necessarily present in the menu of individuals and young animals. Did you know that a healthy animal eats up to one kilogram of vegetation per day? List of herbs that rabbits love:
Rabbits love grass
Removing weeds on the plot, you can offer them to eared gourmets. Remember that there are a number of plants that are toxic to pets. Rabbits can not:
They can cause serious poisoning, even death.
The main task of hay is to saturate the body of an animal with essential substances – vitamins, microelements. In addition, the dry raw material helps the animal to grind down its teeth.
You can not give freshly cut grass, and even more so with dew. It should lie down and dry out a bit.
Nursing rabbit can be rhubarb. It increases the quantity and quality of milk.
Some breeders recommend adding tops from root vegetables. She is also well eaten by animals. Just keep in mind: plants should not be treated with chemicals from pests. And think again, before you give the remnants of potatoes.
Juicy types of feed are excellently eaten with fluffy glides. At home, pets can:
Remember: a large amount of red beets or cabbage will lead to bloating and diarrhea. And you can boil the potatoes. Root vegetables must be washed and cut into small pieces.
Carrots – a favorite treat for rabbits
If you are a beginner rabbit breeder, then we would recommend that you begin to get acquainted with industrial combined feed. They have already thought out the number of components:
Buying products from a trusted manufacturer, you provide your animals with a full diet. Pay attention to the packaging: there must be a label on it for which category of rabbits the feed is intended. For young animals is enhanced nutrition with maximum vitaminization. Nursing females have some needs, and males-producers – completely different.
Each recipe takes into account the physiological and age characteristics of the animal. You can not save on rabbits – buy high-quality food. In case of death of young stock, you will only blame yourself.
More experienced livestock breeders prefer to make their own feed. Firstly, it saves money. Secondly, you can be confident in the quality of raw materials and vitamin supplements. Dirty on the hand manufacturers can add lower quality materials than stated on the packaging.
Rabbits eat grain
Do you have a drill with a nozzle for mixing building mixes? Bulk capacity plus a little effort and the raw material is ready. Now you need a granulator for the manufacture of food pellets. Very useful thing that will process your feed into convenient pellets. No need to purchase industrial units. Mini-car will be a good helper in your household.
Vitamins and minerals are necessary for the proper functioning of rabbits. Nutrition does not completely meet the need, so you can purchase specialized veterinary supplements.
Vitamin A will ensure healthy growth and development of animals. If it is not enough, then the reproductive abilities are disturbed, the nervous system is affected and growth stops.
Vitamin E protects the liver, muscles and reproductive organs.
Vitamin D deficiency causes rickets in young animals, and bones in adults.
With a lack of vitamin PP affects the skin and mucous membranes. Digestive problems begin.
If you have noticed skin diseases in animals (dermatitis, for example), then perhaps this is a lack of biotin (vitamin H).
In addition to all of the above, rabbits must constantly receive salt:
- from 1 to 1.5 gr. adults;
- from 0.5 to 1 gr. young stock
Natural food – the main source of vitamins
If you want to grow a healthy animal, remember: the food of rabbits differs in different periods of life.
There should always be water in the cage. And certainly fresh. The health and life of rabbits depends on it.
Do you want to get healthy offspring? Provide good nutrition for males and females. The feed should contain protein, carotene and vitamin E. Make sure that animals do not starve.
Pregnant rabbits should receive fortified feed with the addition of bone meal. Make sure the food is easily digestible and fresh. It is worth remembering: too thin or overweight females will not bring healthy young.
Rabbits gradually transferred to adult nutrition. No rough and tough food, and no waste! Just what they ate with their mother. Otherwise, do not avoid problems with the digestive system.
Rabbits need special food
Winter time is a special period in the life of animals. At this time, the rabbits do not have enough vitamins. Therefore, it is possible to enrich the diet with useful additives.
The required rate for an adult individual is approximately 50 grams per day. Divide this dose by 3-4 times. Feeding should take place at a specific time. This will teach you and your pets more efficient use of food.
Feeding only with mixtures of grain feeds leads to diseases of the digestive system and causes a massive mortality.
Food is added only to the feeder. On the floor, it is stained with feces, which will lead to intestinal diseases.
Now you know what you can eat rabbits, and what not. Considering our recommendations, it’s easy to build the right menu at home. The most important thing to remember is that the life and health of your pets will depend on the quality of the raw materials.