The main feed of rabbits is grass. They will eat any, but not all will be useful for them. About what grass can be given to rabbits, and which can not, read the article.
Harvesting useful herbs
It is very important to prevent the ingress of low-quality and toxic feed in the feeder. To avoid this, you need to harvest and store the grass correctly. What grass can feed rabbits? The diet should consist only of young plants, they should be dry and dried.
Fresh stalks, as well as branches from old plants, are not suitable for feeding rabbits, as pets can have a stomach swelling and diarrhea. Preparations for feeding animals must be done in advance.
The grass collected in the wood, far from roads and the industrial enterprises is useful to rabbits. It is best to grow it in their own garden. Note for novice rabbit breeders: lawn grass growing in front of the windows of the house is not suitable for pet food.
What grass to give rabbits?
In order for animals to grow without problems, the diet must be balanced. One rabbit needs 412 kilograms of grass per year, 330 – concentrated feed, 107 – hay, 120 – root crops in combination with melon crops.
Half of the feed is made up of herbs that grow in season. It is very important not to make a mistake and feed the animals only useful and young plants before the beginning of their flowering period. Green fodder includes those left over from thinning of garden crops. But you can not give them to rabbits after processing chemicals.
Animals feed on wild, healthy herbs and even some weeds. The basis of the diet are meadow grasses. This is the cheapest base power. Plants are harvested and dried in summer, and in winter they are fed by rabbits.
Balanced nutrition provide young green plants. They contain substances that promote good digestion of animals. These are proteins, enzymes, amino acids, fats, carbohydrates. Another way, except through the plants, they will not enter the body of animals. Therefore, feeding with green herbs is an important step in the rabbit breeding. The following article presents plants useful for rabbits.
This weed is a famous and widespread perennial plant. It contains proteins, vitamins and minerals. You do not know what grass can rabbits? Nettle often enters the diet of animals. It is a valuable supplement and medicine.
It is used to feed the animals fresh before the buds appear. Before feeding the animals, the grass is doused with boiling water, finely chopped and a little mixed feed is added to it. In summer, nettles are harvested for hay.
Young shoots of grass have a high nutritional value, and leaves – medicinal. They need to be collected from mid-June to July and dried in the shade.
The plant is also called burdock. This is a common weed that has many varieties: the shovel is small, burdock furrowed and others. Growth areas – gardens, roadside lanes, areas around the premises. Burdock, though weed, but is considered a medicinal plant. The roots of a young burdock are used to treat lichen. But they need to be harvested before the flowering period, in September. Rabbits are fed grass along with other herbs.
This is a perennial medicinal plant. It grows in gardens, kitchen gardens, meadows, along roads. For rabbits dandelion is a delicacy, in addition, it increases the absorption of food. The plant contains a lot of protein and little fiber.
For feeding to rabbits, a mixture is prepared with the addition of other herbs. In the diet of young dandelion should be 30% of the total mass of green fodder. If more, then rabbits will be stunted. This plant is valued root, it has medicinal properties. Harvest it needs in the fall. It improves digestion and improves the taste of food consumed.
This grass is eagerly eaten by rabbits. To do this, prepare a mixture with other plants. Grass include in the diet from mid-May. Medicinal properties have leaves. They are rich in tannic and mucous substances, acids, polysaccharides. Rabbits are given grass to improve digestion and increase appetite.
It is called wild rowan. What grass to give rabbits? These animals eat everything, but tansy is a favorite delicacy for them. It grows everywhere, except for deserts and areas of the Far North. Occurs in the fields, along roads and ditches, among thickets of shrubs. Animals eating tansy, get rid of insects.
This herb is distributed throughout Europe. The composition of the plantain a lot of proteins, minerals, carbohydrates and little fiber. For rabbits, the plant is a useful food. It has a healing effect.
Perennial weed, common everywhere. It grows in gardens, fields. Its nutritional properties are very high. Medicinal value has a rhizome. His workpiece start from the middle of summer. This can be done in the fall. Used as a food base for rabbits.
This herb has many names: white porridge, nosepickers, whiteheads, bloodsill. She is a favorite grass for rabbits. It is given to animals to increase their appetite and improve digestion. Since the yarrow has a knitting effect, it is fed to rabbits with herbs that have laxative properties.
The value is the ecological purity of the meadow plants, most of which have anti-inflammatory and milking effect. Therefore, feeding the rabbits is impossible without these herbs. Harvesting them for hay when the buds have not yet formed, and the stems have not hardened. If you dry the herbs in the shade, they will retain their flavor and color. Experts recommend harvesting the following meadow herbs:
- Sylphs. This plant can be mowed twice in one season. Dried grass for rabbits is used as hay and silage.
- Clover red. In the diet is included in small portions.
- Lupine stern. It is given to rabbits mixed with other feeds. This is a legume plant, therefore it can provoke a breakdown of the digestive system in large quantities.
- Oats It is sown twice per season, mowed in summer and autumn.
- Alfalfa. This herb benefits the young as it contains proteins and amino acids.
- Vika. It is mixed with oats stalks and cereals.
- Rye. Billets are made from winter varieties when the stalks of a plant go into a tube.
- Young corn. It is given to rabbits in combination with legumes.
Sowing grass to feed rabbits
In order for animals to always have fresh and juicy greens, you need to allocate in your garden plots for sowing grass. It is better if it is cereal or legumes. You can make a combined seeding.
Rabbits prefer to feast on leguminous plants, but from them they quickly gain weight and grow fat. It harms the little rabbits, since the mating will be harder, and there will be little rabbits in the litter. Therefore, you should not indulge the whims of animals and feed them only with your favorite herbs.
What grass to feed rabbits? Good crops from legumes. They are used to feed young animals before slaughter, as they quickly build up weight from this food. The plots are sown with lupine, peas and other legumes. They need to mow before they bloom. During this period, plants accumulate a lot of nutrients. Good results give joint crops wiki and clover, annual grasses and oats.
Green mass of the garden
Weeds are an excellent fodder base for rabbits: wheatgrass, euphorbia, sow thistle, quinoa. The favorite delicacy for animals is nettle and wormwood. Starfish, celandine and wet litter are not suitable, they are not given to pets.
In the summer season a lot of greenery from thinning cultivated plants. Poisonous specimens will not fall into the feed. Greens from potatoes and tomatoes are unsuitable for feeding to rabbits, as it contains corned beef. This substance is poisonous. The diet can be varied by adding a small amount of beet leaves to food.
Leaves and twigs of trees
For the maintenance of rabbits during the winter period they harvest stalk feed. For this purpose, young shoots of trees, shaped like brooms. Branches in the diet of animals make up 20% of the total mass of hay harvested for the winter.
Twisted feed is important in the summer. Young wood in this case is the ballast substance necessary for normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as for grinding the incisors.
Normalized feeding greens
The amount of grass for feeding rabbits is increased daily. After a fortnight, the nursing uterus must be provided with 1.5 kilograms of grass, the female with a kilogram, and the young, with 600 grams per day. It is important that there is always hay in the feeders. It can be replaced by young shoots from the trees. Feed rough texture need animals. Gnawing at him, they grind off the growing incisors. What grass do rabbits eat? They love almost any green food, but you must follow the rate of its consumption.
What herbs are harmful to rabbits?
The main rule when feeding is not to give the rabbits wet grass. It provokes intestinal upset, which can lead to the death of animals. Often, breeders make a gross mistake: they rinse the grass with water before giving it to the animals. This can be done if it is necessary to dry the stems, turning them over periodically so as not to moldy.
What grass should not be given to rabbits? They are not fed with decorative poppies, jasmine and many other flowering plants, otherwise the animals will die.
According to experts, the contact of the stems with the metal part of the braid leads to the oxidation of plant sap. This adversely affects the health of rabbits. To eliminate the risk of grass must be harvested by hand. It is very important not to feed animals with dirty, spoiled, stale feed. it threatens their lives.
When feeding animals, you need to carefully inspect what you give them. It is not excluded that a poisonous plant has fallen into an armful of fresh grass. What grass can not eat rabbit? The list of poisonous plants is large, but even they, in the dried form, lose some of their toxic properties. Therefore, mastering unfamiliar areas, the first time the rabbits need to be fed dry grass. It is important that the following plants never fall into the feed:
- Bog marsh. When they are poisoned in rabbits, the stomach swells, salivation increases, they behave restlessly.
- Datura ordinary. very dangerous herb, provoking paralysis.
- Hemlock. This grass is dangerous for rabbits. They feel a breakdown, the hind limbs paralyze, convulsions appear.
- Euphorbia causes vomiting, diarrhea, convulsions.
- The poisonous milestone is a very dangerous grass for rabbits. In animals, paralysis of the respiratory organs occurs. This leads to death.
- Hellebore. Poisoning with this herb causes diarrhea, vomiting, trembling of the body, convulsions. Saliva is liberally secreted, breathing is disturbed.
- Cornflower horned. Beautiful plants provoke paralysis and convulsions in rabbits.
- Sleep-grass reduces heartbeat, animals begin intestinal disorders and shortness of breath.
- Buttercups cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting.
- Autumn crocus. In rabbits, the stomach is upset, vomiting occurs, and the stomach is swollen.
- Wrestlers reduce pressure, heartbeat and pulse.
- Digitalis provokes seizures and arrhythmia, the pulse in rabbits quickens.
- Celandine. Animals have weakness, indigestion, convulsions.
- Marsh marigold. The animals have an abdominal distension, diarrhea and frequent urine emission.