One of the main products in the diet of rodents, including rabbits, is grain. Since there are many different species of it, the question arises before the rabbit breeder: which one is better to use as feed. Let’s see what kind of grain is better to feed the rabbits and how to cook it before use.
Is it possible to give grain to rabbits
Grain is a very important product in the diet of rabbits. This type of food brings undeniable benefits to animals due to several factors, including:
- high nutritional value;
- easy absorption by the body;
- The optimal ratio of BZHU.
Features of grain feeding
Despite the advantages of such feed, rabbits can not eat all types of grain. In addition, the owner needs to properly prepare the product and proceed from how much grain the rabbit needs per day – only in this case it will be useful.
What is the best grain to give
In drawing up the diet, you should consider what kind of grain rabbit eats.
There are 4 main types that lagomorphic need to eat:
- Corn. The product has an optimal energy value (119 kcal per 100 g) and due to its nutritional value is a component of many combined mixtures. Corn grains contain large amounts of phosphorus, iron, potassium, magnesium, nicotinic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamins E and D. Eating them helps stabilize metabolism and improve weight and height.
- Oats. The product contains thiamine, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, cobalt, silicon and manganese.
Rate per day
The daily rate of grain is important to maintain a healthy rabbit.
When calculating how much grain a pet needs per day, it is important to consider the age, weight and condition of the animal:
- sedentary decorative rocks can be given up to 20 g;
- young active females and males enough 50 g;
- adult rabbits of both sexes need 50–60 g;
- pregnant females, as well as in the postpartum and lactation periods, it is important to increase the volume to 100 g.
Methods for the preparation of grain for rabbits
Before use, the product should be prepared. There are several cooking options. Dry food can be either germinated or bred, steamed, or given in crushed form.
The use of yeast-fed food is useful for low-weight rabbits and for breeding meat breeds.
To prepare the use of ingredients in the following proportions:
- cereals (1 kg);
- warm boiled water (2 l);
- baker’s yeast (10 g).
Follow the steps below:
- Place the product in a large container.
- Dissolve the yeast in water until completely dissolved.
- Pour the yeast solution into the cereal.
- Leave on for 8–9 hours, stirring every 20–30 minutes.
One of the easiest ways of cooking – steaming – does not require a lot of effort and money.
To do this, you need the following components:
- mono or multicomponent cereal mixture;
To prepare, follow the step by step instructions:
- Put the mixture in a container and fill it with water.
- Rinse the mixture thoroughly and drain.
- Boil the water.
- Pour boiling water over food.
- Leave on for 5–7 hours before swelling.
- Drain water.
This method is popular with livestock breeders, because with active growth the product synthesizes a large amount of nutrients. Germinated grain is necessary for vitamin deficiency and weakening of the immune system. This product, which is valuable for health, is easily prepared on its own – you don’t need to learn a lot of information to figure out how to germinate grain.
To prepare you will need:
- warm water;
- napkin or gauze.
Sprouting must be done according to the following algorithm:
- Put the wheat or barley in a wide shallow dish.
- Cover the food with a napkin or gauze.
- Pour water into the container (the napkin should be soaked).
- Periodically pour water until light sprouts appear.
- If you use a paper napkin, it can be changed as it dries.
One method of cooking is crushing. This feed can be purchased in finished form, but you can also cook it yourself. All that is needed is the chopper and the product itself. Most often, the recommendations for crushing are related to corn, but owners can cook oats, wheat, and barley in the same way.
Feeding rabbits with grain according to Zolotukhin
One of the ways of organizing the feeding of rabbits with cereals is called the Zolotukhin method. The relation is made up depending on the age and gender of the pets.
The author of the method suggests some rules:
- self-fed youngsters should be fed with oats soaked; soaked barley can also be given;
- after 4 months, crushed corn is introduced into the ration;
- adult males should consume dry oats, barley and maize;
- Mature females should preferably eat dry oats;
- crushed barley is added to the diet of reproductively involved females before mating and childbirth.
Cereal feed mixtures
Grain feed mixtures are convenient because they can be made of your choice, paying attention to the individual needs of pets. Wheat, oats, barley and corn are mixed in a dry form, after which the mixture can be given to rabbits or prepared according to one of the above methods.
Additionally, you can add other components, such as seeds or bran. The optimal percentage is calculated based on the parameters of an animal.
Approximate diet may be as follows:
The better to feed the rabbits: feed or grain
Grain and cereal mixtures are considered natural food. This type of product has a simple composition, so there is no doubt about the ingredients. Indisputable is the use of cereals, each type of which is saturated with vitamins and minerals.
They can be given to pets both in dry form and in prepared form – germinated, crushed, baked or steamed. Feedstuffs are also used as food for rabbits – a concentrated feed with many components.
Compound feed, as a rule, consists of:.
- animal flour;
- vitamin premix
When choosing the optimal feed, you must take into account the needs of animals For feeding pets, you can use grain mixtures, since they fully cover the animals’ need for essential nutrients. When breeding rabbits at home or on a farm, it is better to pay attention to the feed, which also contains grains and can provide animals with the necessary elements without wasting the breeder’s efforts to compile the feed.
However, feed has a significant drawback compared with grain mixtures, namely: high cost.