Beginner rabbit breeders are interested in the question of which grass can be fed to rabbits. The choice of plants should be taken seriously, because if you feed poisonous herbs to animals, they will die.
All plants can be divided into three groups. The former are used for daily feeding as the main ration, the latter are used as medicines, and still others are toxic and should be excluded altogether.
Harvesting grass for feeding rabbits
Before considering which grass can be given to rabbits, it is worth noting that it is rather dangerous to feed fresh greens. Especially in the spring, when the animals ate only dry hay for several months.
Juicy grass with the habit causes in rabbits severe diarrhea or bloating from which death can occur within a day. Most rabbit breeders avoid feeding on fresh grass, and they wipe it depending on weather conditions for 3 to 5 days.
You can gradually accustom animals to the green, because it is more appetizing and rabbits eat it better. The more the animal will eat, the sooner it will gain slaughter weight. A sharp transition to the greens is very dangerous. At first, it is gradually mixed into hay, gradually increasing the portion until the whole mass is pure grass.
Mortally dangerous feeding rabbits grass in dew. If the workpiece is held in the evening or in the morning, then you need to spread the grass brought in the sun to moisture evaporated. In summer, only 30-40 minutes are enough to dry the dew.
Grass for the main ration
The list of what grass to feed the rabbits is extensive, and most of the plants from it are ordinary rabbit breeders without botanical education do not know. In addition, most of these herbs have a low nutritional value, so the weight gain from such food will be slow. For the intensive growth of animals you need to choose plants in which a lot of useful substances. They must also be tasty so that the rabbits would like to eat a lot.
It is best to give preference:
These are very common plants. The last three of the list can be found in almost every meadow. They are quite nutritious and it will be easy to prepare them. This grass for rabbits will get completely free of charge, if you do not take into account the cost of transportation.
As for wiki and wheatgrass, they quickly grow old and the stems become hard and dry, so the rabbits begin to eat them less eagerly.
Dandelion animals are always happy, because this flower is constantly juicy and soft. Unfortunately, to find a meadow where he would grow without a neighborhood with other grass is almost impossible. Often you have to tear it manually, which requires additional time. If neighboring herbs are non-poisonous, then you can safely mow everything.
It is very good if the rabbit breeder has his own plot of land where he can sow alfalfa or sainfoin. These legume plants are always eaten willingly. They are tasty and nutritious, they have an excellent weight gain.
Rabbit alfalfa is the perfect choice. It gives high yields and for the season you can get 3-4 mowing. If you use mineral fertilizers, it is quite possible to achieve a height to the waist of an adult.
With the onset of a strong summer heat, it becomes increasingly difficult to find high-quality grass in the meadows, because it burns out. Having your own plantation with alfalfa will allow you to get green mass all season. Of course, by the fall of its yield is reduced, and the stems are much lower than they were in the spring. Also, fewer and fewer stems start to move away from the roots, but with wild herbs at the end of the summer, things are much worse.
Also, rabbits eat shchiritsu, which remains after weeding the beds. This weed grows in the spring and in the summer heat, when other grass burns out. Thus, weeding benefits both for animals and for beds. It is advisable to wick the gum a bit, because it is very juicy. Rabbits eat more bristles and quinoa from weeds. Feeding quinoa should be limited, as it often causes an upset stomach, especially young stems.
Herbs to support immunity and prevent diseases
In addition to ordinary plants that can be used as a basis for the daily diet, care should be taken to include additional herbs for the prevention of disease.
- Hogweed Siberian.
Wormwood is used in daily feeding. It tastes bitter, but animals like it. This plant improves the digestive system, stimulates the appetite.
It is a prophylaxis of bloating and kills internal parasites. Rabbits eat young wormwood along with the stem, and only the leaves of the old and hard wormwood are cut off. In the growing season of wormwood, it must be prepared for the winter in order to improve the appetite of animals for good eating of hay. It is impossible to feed the rabbits exclusively with this plant, because if its share in the feed exceeds 40%, then the rabbits become restless and nervous. When group content they have clashes and fights.
Amaranth for rabbits can be given without restrictions. This plant can reach almost 2 m in height, and its yield of 1 ha reaches 80-100 tons of green mass. For a small rabbit farm, you can sow a plot of 2 to 2 meters and this will be quite enough.
When the plant reaches its maximum height, it becomes too tough, so the rabbits eat only the leaves. It is recommended to cut off the young stems while they are still soft, then the animals will be able to eat everything entirely. Amaranth has many valuable amino acids and protein. It well strengthens the immunity of animals.
Plantain usually has fairly small leaves, so mow it will not work. It is torn by hand and given to rabbits for the prevention of many diseases. It also strengthens the immune system, contains protein and minerals, but is not rich in fiber. The plant has a healing effect. May be given both before and after flowering.
Plantain can usually be found on the sides of roads and paths, for which he got his name. It is best to tear it away from the roadway, because then there is practically no harmful dust on it. Plantain can even be given as a main feed, if it is possible to find a sufficient quantity for a portion.
Nettle has an antimicrobial effect. It is especially recommended to give for sukrolnyh females. It has a lot of vitamins and proteins. Nettle helps with bleeding. It is given to animals with poddermatitis when blood is seeping from wounds on their paws. The plant strengthens the immune system.
Medicinal properties have stems harvested in late June or early July. From such an herbal dressing animals will get good health. Rabbits need to give stems without flowers. The turn has the same properties, but it needs to be fed a little.
Coltsfoot begins to be fed to animals from mid-May. Green mass is also harvested for the winter.
Since the plant is quite rare, many rabbit breeders are interested in whether it is possible to give the mother-and-stepmother roots to rabbits. If green mass is not enough, then nothing terrible will happen if you feed the animals and roots.
Coltsfoot helps animals with diseases of the digestive system and respiratory tract. It improves the process of splitting food and serves as a prevention of blistering and diarrhea.
Siberian hogweed belongs to a rare, but very useful plant. If you need grass for rabbits that improve lactation, then the hogweed is the perfect solution. It promotes the formation of large amounts of milk. You can find it between shrubs in forest glades, so it is not available to every rabbit grower.
Every rabbit breeder should know which grass should not be given to rabbits. These plants include:
- venomous poisonous;
- horned cornflower;
This list can still be continued, but the remaining herbs do not have such a distribution, therefore the vast majority of breeders will never meet them. These plants lead to poisoning and death of animals.
Some are more dangerous, and others less, but even enough poisonous herbs can be killed by feeding a sufficient amount. For example, from eutrophic poisoning, only little rabbits die, while adult animals can endure everything painlessly.
All herbs listed for the main and additional rations are harvested for the winter. Usually green food is given to animals without restriction, but you still need to build on the fact that the daily rate is 500-700 grams. per adult. In winter, hay is given out at 200-350 grams.